Which Amendment first overturned a US Supreme Court decision?

The Eleventh Amendment revoked the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction over conflicts between a state and citizens of another state. This change was made in response to the decision in Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. 419 (1793), in which the Court declared the states lacked sovereign immunity against being sued in equity cases (mostly over land disputes), and made a large award to Chisholm against the state of Georgia.

The States rightly assumed this precedent could quickly send them into bankruptcy, and petitioned Congress to amend the Constitution for their protection. The Eleventh Amendment now provides for diversity jurisdiction in the District Court, meaning the lower courts in the state being sued have original jurisdiction over these disputes.

Eleventh Amendment

"The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state."


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