Best Answer

The short answer is:

The Tihini (Northern Chumash) Tribe lived in the Monterey-Point Conception territory before the missions, to this day, and into the future.

(see related Northern Chumash Territory link below or visit:

The long answer:

In 1770, Fr. Serra founded the second mission, San Carlos Borremeo, in Monterey which was moved to Carmel the following year. As supplies dwindled in 1772 at the then four missions, the people faced starvation. Remembering the Valley of the Bears, a hunting expedition was sent to bring back food in the summer of 1772. Over 25 mule loads of dried bear meat and seed was sent north to relieve the missionaries, soldiers, and neophytes (baptized Natives). The Natives were impressed at the ease by which the Spaniards could take down the huge grizzles with their weapons. Some of the meat was traded with the local people in exchange for edible seed.

It was after this that Fr. Serra decided that La Canada de Los Osos would be an ideal place for the fifth mission. The area had abundant supplies of food and water, the climate was also very mild, and the local Chumash were very friendly. With soldiers, muleteers, and pack animals carrying mission supplies, Fr. Serra set out on a journey to reach the Valley of the Bears. On September 1, 1772, Fr. Serra celebrated the first Mass with a cross erected near San Luis Creek.

After Fr. Serra left, the difficult task of actually building the mission remained. This was accomplished with the aid of the local Chumash Natives. Palisades were set up as temporary buildings, which were made simply from poles and tree boughs. However, due to fires in the first few years, adobe and tile structures were erected. The Church and Priest's residence, the convento wing, were built by 1794. Many other structures made up the Mission in the early days: storerooms, residences for single women, soldiers barracks, and mills. The mission also had land for farming and raising livestock. The whole community of priests, Natives and soldiers needed to produce goods for their own livelihood.

(from related link below

The "Chalon" were from Monterey (also called Ohlone from Freemont) people from the maps below under related links. Neighbours were the Esselen, Salinan and Yokuts.

The California region was inhabited by 70 distinct groups of Native Americans.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2012-07-06 22:17:13
This answer is:
User Avatar
Study guides

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: Which Indian tribe lived at the mission 'San Luis Obispo de Tolosa'?
Write your answer...
Still have questions?
magnify glass
People also asked