Which document proposed that the upper house would be elected by the lower house?
The Virginia Plan, proposed during the Constitutional Convention of 1787, proposed a bicameral legislature (a legislative branch with two houses: an upper and a lower), where the lower house was elected by the people, and the upper house by the lower house. It favored larger states, such as Virginia, by proposing a representation in voting based on population.
Proposed laws in Canada are enacted by the Parliament of Canada, which consists of the Queen (represented by the Governor General), an appointed Upper House (the Senate), and an elected Lower House (the House of Commons). Proposed laws must be agreed to by both Houses before they are presented to the Governor General for Royal Assent. See related questions to learn more about how laws are passed.
any ten members of the Electoral College. The Electoral College elects the president of India. The college is made up of the following elected members of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India); elected members of the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament of India); elected members of each state Legislative Assembly; and elected members of each union territory possessing an assembly (i.e. Delhi and Puducherry).
In 1619, the American colony of Virginia created the elected House Of Burgesses as the lower house of its legislature. In 1769, Virginia's House of Burgesses was dissolved by the British Governor, arguably one of the insults from King George III's government that eventually led to the U.S. Revolution in 1776. Virginia's elected lower house today is known as the Virginia House of Delegates.