Which lines measure distance east and west of the prime meridian?
Longitude measures the distance east and west of the prime meridian.
What lines run north and south through the poles and measure distance east or west of the prime meridian?
The lines of longitude measure degrees east and west of the prime meridian, but they don't directly measure distance. The lines of longitude all converge at both poles, and are farthest apart from one another at the equator. This is unlike the lines of latitude no two of which ever touch because they are circles that are parallel to one another with their centers located on the earth's axis. You can calculate distance between degrees…
The Prime Meridian (of 0 degrees west or east) run north-south through Greenwich in London, UK. Lines that run north-south that are parallel to the Prime Meridian (but which meet at the poles) and which describe the distance west or east of this line are called lines of Longitude. Lines of Latitude describe the distance north or south of the equator.
What lines are drawn on maps from the North Pole to the South Pole to measure distance east to west?
There are several lines that encompass the Earth Equator - Bisects the earth into the north and south hemispheres. It runs from east to west perpendicular to the axis of the Earth. Lines of longitude - Longitudinal lines run from pole to pole and allow us to measure from east to west. Lines of latitude - Latitudinal lines are parallel to the Equator and allow us to measure from north to south. The Prime Meridian…