Which political party was in power and who was the Prime Minister who introduced conscription in World War 2?
Conscription was introduced in Britain by the predominantly Conservative government of Neville Chamberlain in April 1939, a few months before the start of WW2. There was some opposition at the time to introducing compuslory military service in peace time.
In the days when we had conscription many people did. They felt that a reasonable number of Australians should have military training should the need arise. This attitude changed as time went by especially after the people having seen the military disaster committed in Vietnam. Australians felt that conscription was for defense not aggression as it turned out. Australian leaders who supported conscription included: ALP Prime Minister Billy Hughes, who attempted to introduce full conscription…
Conscription was introduced thanks to the Labor Government under Prime Minister John Curtin. Technically, Australia didn't have conscription. All troops for overseas theatres were volunteers. The troops fighting in Papua New Guinea were militia, who were conscripted, but were not supposed to fight overseas. Since PNG was under Australian control a point was stretched and militia were sent there, since the AIF was in North Africa.
The French prime minister is nominated by the president, who picks him in the mainstream political party in Parliament (the prime minister and president aren't necessary political allies; when the president's party is defeated in parlementiary elections, the president will pick the head of the winning party as Prime Minister). The prime minister is accountable to the Parliament, which can even oust him after a no-confidence vote.
In a parliamentary form of government, political parties do not run for prime minister and the office of prime minister is not contested directly. Canada has approximately 20 registered political parties, which tend to cover the political spectrum, but only four political parties have elected members to the House of Commons in recent years.
The title of Prime Minister is given to the political leader of the country of Australia. But Victoria is a State within Australia, so does not have a Prime Minister. Instead, its political leader is called a Premier. At this time the Premier of Victoria is the Right Honourable Dr Denis Napthine MP.