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Answered 2016-01-13 19:04:36

The split that resulted in the Orthodox leaving the Church is know as the Schism of the East:


FromA Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957


The Schism of the East the estrangement and severance from the Holy See of what is now called the Orthodox Eastern Church was a gradual process extending over centuries. After a number of minor schisms the first serious, though short, break was that of Photius; from then on tension between East and West increased, and the schism of Cerularius occurred in 1054. From then on the breach gradually widened and has been definitive since 1472. There was a formal union from the 2nd Council of Lyons in 1274 until 1282, and a more promising one after the Council of Florence from 1439 to 1472. After the capture of Constantinople it was in the Turkish interest to reopen and widen the breach with the powerful Roman church; the patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were dragged into this policy, Russia and the Slav churches stood out the longest of any: none of these churches, except Constantinople itself in 1472, formally and definitely broke away from the unity of the Church. But in the course of centuries the schism has set and crystallized into a definite separation from the Holy See of many million people with a true priesthood and valid sacraments. The origins, causes and development of the schism are matters of much complication, still not fully unraveled.


from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980


Separation of the Christian Churches of the East from unity with Rome. The schism was centuries in the making and finally became fixed in 1054, when the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularisu (died 1059), was excommunicated by the papal legates for opposing the use of leavened bread by the Latin Church and removing the Pope’s name from the diptychs or list of persons to be prayed for in the Eucharistic liturgy. A temporary reunion with Rome was effected by the Second Council of Lyons (1274) and the Council of Florence (1439) but never stabilized.

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Answered 2020-10-18 18:06:30

APEX: The East-West Schism

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Answered 2016-01-13 17:26:44

The East-West Schism

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In its early years, Christianity spread slowly from Judea to other parts of the Roman Empire. By the time of Emperor Constantine, at the beginning of the fourth century, it is estimated that around ten percent of the population of the empire were Christians. Final conversion of the citizens of the empire to Christianity resulted from imperial decree, rather than 'conversion' as we normally use the term. Towards the end of the fourth century, Christianity was decreed to be the state religion. The orthodox-catholic Christian Church was given the power to confiscate the temples and all temple property belonging to pagans and Mithraists, and to enforce conversion to orthodox-catholic Christianity. So conversion to Christianity should be seen in empire-wide terms, rather than a country by country mission.


AnswerEarly Christianity seems to have been incredibly diverse. For example, Burton L. Mack (Who Wrote the New Testament) says that the branch of Christianity that Paul joined was quite different from that documented in the New Testament Gospels. Certainly, Paul wrote of those who taught "a different Christ". The Gospels, in turn, speak of "false prophets" - those who taught Christian doctrines different to those in the Marcan tradition. It is difficult to know which of these many groups really represented the original message of Christianity. Gradually a "proto-Catholic-Orthodox" branch of Christianity formed and began to dominate.In the fourth century, Emperor Constantine gave the Catholic-Orthodox Christians state patronage. This branch of Christianity, and the Arians who espoused somewhat similar creeds, soon eliminated almost all support for other Christianities.The Great Schism of 1054 resulted in the separation of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches. On the one hand, the Catholic Church would say that it is the true heir of the former Church, and therefore the oldest. On the other hand, the Orthodox leaders would say that the Orthodox Church is true to the early Christian traditions and is therefore the oldest. Both could be accepted as equally ancient. More broadly, the Coptic Church, which has been a distinct church body since the Council of Chalcedon in 451 CE, is arguably the oldest extant Church.


A:The Roman Catholic Church insists that it was the first Christian Church, but this is not entirely true. The evidence of Paul's epistles is that the Christian Church was already divided in the middle of the first century. There is no certainty that the early branch of Christianity that came down to us today was any earlier than others of the very early branches. True, the Catholic Church claims that the apostle Peter came to Rome to be the first bishop of Rome, but there is no proof that Peter even visited Rome. Without Peter, one of the central pillars to the claim of Catholic primacy is removed.It appears that Gnostic Christianity competed with Catholic-Orthodox Christianity from the very earliest times. Some scholars date the mildly gnostic Gospel of Thomas to the middle of the first century, earlier than any of the New Testament gospels. In an attempt to establish a unified faith, Constantine set out, in the fourth century, to elimimate Gnostic Christianity, with partial success.The 'Catholic-Orthodox' Church, that we now think of as Christianity, flourished and became dominant, especially after the time of Constantine. The Coptic Church of Alexandria broke away in 451 CE. In 1054, the Great Schism resulted in the separation of the Church into a Roman Catholic Church in the west and Orthodox Churches in the east.


The evidence of the Bible is that there was a great deal of diversity in Christianity during the first century. Gradually one group began to dominate and went on to become what is now known to scholars as the Catholic-Orthodox Church. This group subsequently began to splinter, with some groups such as the Coptics and Arians leaving the main Church. The Great Schism of 1054 resulted in the separation of the unified Church into what we now know as the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches. Protestant Churches left the Roman Catholic in the Reformation, and so can claim to share the heritage of the Catholic Church. No one modern Church can really claim to be the original Christian Church to the exclusion of all others. The books that now form the New Testament were the ones selected by the Catholic-Orthodox Church, and they do warn against other Christian groups, with references to "false prophets" and "heretics". But they do not mention the Roman Catholic Church.


It brought more people to believe in christianity!


You're thinking of the Eastern Schism, sometimes called the Great Schism, but in the Catholic Church, the Great Schism refers to the Western Schism in the 15th century, not the Eastern Schism in the 11th century.


The primary split in Christianity came through the works and writings of Martin Luther. The movement he created had a name, it was the Reformation and the date of its beginnings was 1517.Luther was in a Catholic monastic order and at the age of 28 was a professor of Christian theology at the University of Wittenberg in Germany.Luther took a stand against Catholic policies, particularly the sale of "indulgences" that were a Church method of forgiving a person from sin. The Church used these funds to help build up the buildings within the Vatican. Luther also had other grievances against the Church. The final result was his excommunication from Catholicism.Luther's revolt, the Reformation, resulted in the creation of Protestantism.Another major split in Christianity was the creation of the Greek Orthodox Church. This was the Greek section of the Eastern Church.Historically referred to as the Orthodox Eastern Church, this had split from Rome in the Byzantine empire in 1054.


"Orthodox Catholic Christianity".Orthodox means the exactly correct faith that Christ created, and Catholic means the exact same "Kingdom of Heaven" (aka Church) that Christ created. It is called both Orthodox and Catholic because it is both Orthodox ("correct profession") and Catholic ("for the whole"). The four characteristics of this religion are professed in the Nicene-Constantinopolitan creed:One (unified),Holy (made by God himself),Catholic (for the entire world)Apostolic (unchanging).Is this the same as Orthodoxy? As Roman Catholicism? As both? As neither? It depends on whom you ask.Roman Catholic perspective: The schism split the Original Church into two halves. Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy are both continuations of the Original Church, wherefore they are both canonically valid as the "true church". However, the Orthodox Church is not in communion with the patriarch of Rome (the Pope), who is the "vicar" (representative) of Christ as the supreme hierarch of the Church, and so it is not in the same entirety of oneness, holiness, catholicity, and apolosticity as the Roman Catholic Church is. The relationship between Rome and Orthodoxy is imagined as two lungs, where Rome is the lung that breathes correctly. The original Church will be manifest once again when the two Churches reconcile and recommune.Orthodox perspective: The schism resulted in Rome leaving the original Church. The Orthodox Church IS the original Church, still living this day, and is still one, holy, catholic, and apostolic. The Roman Catholic Church, despite being an apostolic patriarchate, is not in the living original Church, because (1) it is out of communion with the original Church AND (2) it does not profess the same faith as the original Church. The Orthodox Church will always remain the original Orthodox Catholic Church, regardless of whether the Roman patriarchate is part of it.Neither perspective: If the original Church ceased to exist after the schism, then we are in a time when the "Kingdom of Heaven" on earth is not, which means that the Holy Spirit did not do His job.If one of these two is the true Orthodox Catholic Church, who's right? Depends on what your criterion is for "original Church":Does the original Church preserve the legalistic order of hierarchy by continuously adjusting the faith to the interpretations of the vicar of Christ regardless of what the rest of the Church says? Then the original Church is Rome.Does the original Church act as a family, organically making decisions together, and preserving the faith passed down to it from its intimate Bridgegroom, the faith which was once and for all delivered to the saints? Then the original Church is Orthodox.Ultimately, it's your decision to make. Don't let anyone tell you otherwise. My decision was Orthodox.


Prior to the Great Schism of 1054, there was only one main Christian Church (excluding the Coptic Church and remnant gnostics). The Schism resulted in the creation of the Roman Catholic Church in the west, and Orthodox Churches in the east.


One of the distinguishing features of the western Christianity, going back even as far as the second century AD, was that it was not as influenced by Greek philosophical thought as Christianity in the eastern half of the Roman Empire. It helped to give western Christianity different emphases than those found in the eastern Christianity. I cannot think of any substantial change that happened in Christianity in Europe as a result of "Greek philosophical thought being cast out of Christianity in Europe." The biggest change in Christianity in Europe arose from the Reformation. Even on the Catholic side, this resulted in the decisions of the Council of Trent, which eliminated many of the abuses identified by Martin Luther, but without making the changes in doctrine that he called for. The changes in Christianity at the time of the Reformation resulted from closer attention to the teachings of Christ, not from casting out Greek philosophical thought.


They were One, so one cannot be first because they were one in the same. Then both churches separated in 1054. The Catholic Church regards the Orthodox Church as its Sister Church. However just because they were the same church doesnt mean they were established at the same time since the "Holy apostolic universal orthodox church of god ' was one after Constantine established the begininng of theological councils starting with Nicene. The church of Jeruseleum was established approx 5 years after christs death it is originally headed by an eastern orthodox patriarch the church of antioch established approx 7 years after christs death originally headed by an oriental orthdox the church of Alexandria approx 10 years after christs death origninally headed by an oriental orthodox the churches of rome and constantinople were founded approx 20 years or more after christs death headed by a roman catholic and eastern orthodox So in this case the 'Orthodox church' is the older church however the ancient Oriental Orthodox is older than the Eastern Orthodox.Some people consider these two branches of Orthodoxy to be the same church but a misunderstandidng occured and an unfortunate schism resulted or that one is truly Orthodox and the other is not.According to the Roman Catholic church both are Orthodox in their beliefs after discussions with the Oriental Orthodox and their Cyrilian Formula instead of the Chalcedon.


Arguably, the Roman Catholic Church began in Rome. Prior to the Great Schism of 1054, there was a one Christian Church that included both the Latin, or 'Catholic' west and the Greek-speaking, Orthodox east, with decisions made jointly by Councils of bishops. The Council of Nicaea determined that the bishop of Rome would have control of the western district and the bishop of Constantinople would control much of the eastern part of Christianity. Alexandria was to have constituted a third centre, but subsequently broke away as the Coptic Church, then lost significance under Muslim rule.The Schism resulted in separation of Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, with the former ruled from Rome and the latter from Constantinople.


There was NO "emergence of a unified Christianity" in the 3rd Century,here are the "factors" that prevented it-- At the inception of Christianity, there were two ways available to those espousing that unpopular faith


Corruption, abuse and ineptitude. These factors led to the Reformation which resulted in a split in the Catholic Church between Catholics and Protestants. This directly led to the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) during which millions died.


The principal early Christian sects are generally known today as Catholic Orthodox Christianity and Gnosticism, although other groups also existed. Eventually, Roman state patronage for the Catholic Orthodox Church ensured that it was able to expropriate the property of other churches which did not share their views, and provided a cover for persecution until there was essentially only one Christian Church left in the Roman Empire.The Council of Nicaea, called by the Roman Emperor Constantine, decided that Christianity in the Roman Empire would be led by four senior bishops or Metropolitans representing Rome, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem. The Council made also provision for Constantinople and Carthage, where Metropolitans were subsequently appointed, although the role was short-lived in Carthage.The view held by religious authorities in the mainly Greek-speaking eastern regions was that the Metropolitans were of equal authority, but the bishop of Rome, designated as the Pope, insisted that he had greater authority than the others. Gradually, differences built up until the Great Schism of 1054, when Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated each other. There were attempts at reconciliation and the Churches came close to being reunited in 1274 and in 1439, but the schism eventually became permanent.So the Great Schism of 1054 resulted in the founding of both the Eastern Orthodox religion and the Roman Catholic Church.


Orthodox Christianity is the eastern branch of Chistianity with Istanbul, Turkey the centre of their religion. They broke off from the Roman Catholic Church over1200 years ago over the infallibility of the Papacy which they didn't recognize. In doctrine and rituals, there is virtually no difference between the two. TheOrthodox are concentrated in Russia and Southeastern Europe like Bulgaria and parts of the old Yugoslavia. There are around 200 million Orthodox Christians vs over 1billion Roman Catholics. Interestingly, a man who wants to be an ordained Priest as is married, can remain married and become a priest-unlike the Roman Catholic Church. One of the primary problems of this faith is that they spend very little time evangelizing and hensce their numbers continue to decline. There are over 2 million members in the U.S. which hasn't changed in over 20 years! They were horribly persecuted under Stalin but have made a comeback since the communists were thrown out in 1991. The Russian Orthodox church is the established church and receives special subsidies from the government. The leader of the Orthodox Church is the Holy Primate inIstanbul-used to be Constantinoble. There is a cathedral where he resides. He is comparable to the Pope or the Archbishop of Canterbury.Orthodox view:The Christian Church was founded by Jesus Himself in the year 33 AD, on the Day of Pentecost. According to Orthodox Christian beliefs, the Orthodox Church is the one church that was established in Jerusalem in 33 AD and continues to exist to this day without any changes to its dogmas and beliefs.Both the Orthodox and Catholics claim to have started at the same time, when there was no such thing as 'Orthodox' or 'Catholic' or 'Protestant' and there was only the Universal Christian Church. So both the Orthodox and Catholics shared a common foundation for the first 1,000 years of their history.However, from the year 1054 AD, which is regarded as the Great Schism (or split) in the Universal Church, the two have been known by the names of Orthodox and Catholic.The Orthodox Church states that the Roman Catholics split from the body of the Church mainly because of Papal claims of supremacy over the Church, and unauthorized change to the Nicene Creed (the 'filioque' clause), which was not accepted by anyone else at that time.For most of the centuries, the Orthodox Church was the largest church in the world, until 1453 AD, when Constantinople fell to the Turks, as the West watched and did nothing to help. This event caused Islam to spread in Europe.The Roman Catholics also conducted Crusades and Inquisitions to increase its membership, but the Orthodox church has never had crusades or inquisitions. The Fourth Crusade in 1204 AD resulted in the Catholic crusaders destroying Constantinople and killing much of the Christian population. It never fully recovered from this event.Prior to this, the Orthodox church was the first to evangelize successfully, particularly in Eastern Europe, and this resulted in its large numbers all over the world. This was long before any Protestant groups existed. Although its numbers are now approx 300 million, it cannot keep up with the number of Protestants and others who want to become Orthodox, particularly in the USA, South America, Africa and numerous other countries, where there has been a huge revival and desire to return to the original New Testament church.


Corruption within the Catholic Church. Martin Luther wanted reforms within the church, specifically pertaining to rich people being able to pay for having sins forgiven. The Catholic Church did make changes, but not quickly enough to prevent the Protestant Reformation, which resulted eventually in the whole Protestant branch of Christianity. This all started in 1517.


Wingardium Leviosa caused the Kings to fall and corruption began due to the loss of political power by the Catholic Church.


The Fall of Constantinople occurred on May 29, 1453. The fighting lasted for three days, and resulted in Ottoman control of the Christian Orthodox city.



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