Which two nations were fighting each other at Puebla in 1862?
Vera cruz mexico
It is one and the same: The Battle of Puebla occurred on May 5th, 1862 (Spanish: Cinco de Mayo de 1862) when 4,500 Mexican soldiers and militia fought and won against French forces (6,500) who were better prepared, better supplied, and hadn't been defeated for more than 50 years. This happened during the Second Franco-Mexican War (1862-1867).
Most are mestizo (mix of Amerindian and white people). There is however, a large concentration of white people due to Italian immigration near the town of Chipilo as late as 1876, and the mix of locals with French soldiers who stayed after the Battle of Puebla in 1862. See related links for further details.
Following the footsteps of Spaniard and American invaders before them, the French forces knew the shortest path to Mexico City was through the Veracruz-Puebla-Mexico City route. However, having learnt from previous wars, Mexicans built two forts along the route, on the outskirts of the city of Puebla: the forts of Loreto and Guadalupe. Those became the background of what we know today as the Battle of Puebla or Cinco de Mayo (May 5, 1862).
Por una batalla armada que sustuvo el ejército mexicano contra el ejército francés en Puebla, dado que Francia invadió a México, después de que éste se emancipara de España. Esta lucha aconteció el 5 de mayo de 1862. Cinco de Mayo got its name from the date the Battle of Puebla was won by Mexican forces at the Battle of Puebla in the the French-Mexican War. The date was May 5, 1862.