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NCAA College Basketball
Which were the last 4 number one-rated NCAA division 1 men's basketball teams to go undefeated until their final regular season game and failed to advance to the sweet 16 of the NCAA tournment?
What are words that begin with the letter O?
Oil, oats, orange, owl, onion,occasionally orphan, ointment, oak, obviously, old, out, odd, optic, original, over, open, obese, opal, opera obtuse, obey, on, of, or, off, ogar, option, okay, opinion, oblique, obstacle... Oil, oats, orange, owl, onion, occasionaly, orphan, ointment, oak, obviously... LearnEnglishNow.com/o.HTML <a class="h2heading h2" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" name="Words Beginning With O">Words Beginning With O</a> O () O, the fifteenth letter of the English alphabet, derives its form, value, and name from the Greek O, through the Latin. The letter came into the Greek from the Ph/nician, which possibly derived it ultimately from the Egyptian. Etymologically, the letter o is most closely related to a, e, and u; as in E. bone, AS. ban; E. stone, AS. Stan; E. broke, AS. brecan to break; E. bore, AS. beran to bear; E. dove, AS. d/fe; E. toft, tuft; tone, tune; number, F. nombre. O () Among the ancients, O was a mark of triple time, from the notion that the ternary, or number 3, is the most perfect of numbers, and properly expressed by a circle, the most perfect figure. O's (pl. ) of O Oes (pl. ) of O O (n.) The letter O, or its sound. O (n.) Something shaped like the letter O; a circle or oval. O (n.) A cipher; zero. O' () A prefix to Irish family names, which signifies grandson or descendant of, and is a character of dignity; as, O'Neil, O'Carrol. O' (prep.) A shortened form of of or on. O (a.) One. O (interj.) An exclamation used in calling or directly addressing a person or personified object; also, as an emotional or impassioned exclamation expressing pain, grief, surprise, desire, fear, etc. Oad (n.) See Woad. Oaf (n.) Originally, an elf's child; a changeling left by fairies or goblins; hence, a deformed or foolish child; a simpleton; an idiot. Oafish (a.) Like an oaf; simple. Oak (n.) Any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus. The oaks have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and staminate flowers in catkins. The fruit is a smooth nut, called an acorn, which is more or less inclosed in a scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are now recognized about three hundred species, of which nearly fifty occur in the United States, the rest in Europe, Asia, and the other parts of North America, a very few barely reaching the northern parts of South America and Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of grand proportions and live many centuries. The wood is usually hard and tough, and provided with conspicuous medullary rays, forming the silver grain. Oak (n.) The strong wood or timber of the oak. Oaken (a.) Made or consisting of oaks or of the wood of oaks. Oaker (n.) See Ocher. Oakling (n.) A young oak. Oakum (n.) The material obtained by untwisting and picking into loose fiber old hemp ropes; -- used for calking the seams of ships, stopping leaks, etc. Oakum (n.) The coarse portion separated from flax or hemp in nackling. Oaky (n.) Resembling oak; strong. Oar (n) An implement for impelling a boat, being a slender piece of timber, usually ash or spruce, with a grip or handle at one end and a broad blade at the other. The part which rests in the rowlock is called the loom. Oar (n) An oarsman; a rower; as, he is a good oar. Oar (n) An oarlike swimming organ of various invertebrates. Oared (imp. & p. p.) of Oar Oaring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oar Oar (v. t. & i.) To row. Oared (a.) Furnished with oars; -- chiefly used in composition; as, a four-oared boat. Oared (a.) Having feet adapted for swimming. Oared (a.) Totipalmate; -- said of the feet of certain birds. See Illust. of Aves. Oarfish (n.) The ribbon fish. Oarfoot (n.) Any crustacean of the genus Remipes. Oar-footed (a.) Having feet adapted for swimming. Oarless (a.) Without oars. Oarlock (n.) The notch, fork, or other device on the gunwale of a boat, in which the oar rests in rowing. See Rowlock. Oarsmen (pl. ) of Oarsman Oarsman (n.) One who uses, or is skilled in the use of, an oar; a rower. Oarsweed (n.) Any large seaweed of the genus Laminaria; tangle; kelp. See Kelp. Oary (a.) Having the form or the use of an oar; as, the swan's oary feet. Oases (pl. ) of Oasis Oasis (n.) A fertile or green spot in a waste or desert, esp. in a sandy desert. Oast (n.) A kiln to dry hops or malt; a cockle. Oats (pl. ) of Oat Oat (n.) A well-known cereal grass (Avena sativa), and its edible grain; -- commonly used in the plural and in a collective sense. Oat (n.) A musical pipe made of oat straw. Oatcake (n.) A cake made of oatmeal. Oaten (a.) Consisting of an oat straw or stem; as, an oaten pipe. Oaten (a.) Made of oatmeal; as, oaten cakes. Oaths (pl. ) of Oath Oath (n.) A solemn affirmation or declaration, made with a reverent appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed. Oath (n.) A solemn affirmation, connected with a sacred object, or one regarded as sacred, as the temple, the altar, the blood of Abel, the Bible, the Koran, etc. Oath (n.) An appeal (in verification of a statement made) to a superior sanction, in such a form as exposes the party making the appeal to an indictment for perjury if the statement be false. Oath (n.) A careless and blasphemous use of the name of the divine Being, or anything divine or sacred, by way of appeal or as a profane exclamation or ejaculation; an expression of profane swearing. Oathable (a.) Capable of having an oath administered to. Oathbreaking (n.) The violation of an oath; perjury. Oatmeal (n.) Meal made of oats. Oatmeal (n.) A plant of the genus Panicum; panic grass. Ob- () A prefix signifying to, toward, before, against, reversely, etc.; also, as a simple intensive; as in oblige, to bind to; obstacle, something standing before; object, lit., to throw against; obovate, reversely, ovate. Ob- is commonly assimilated before c, f, g, and p, to oc-, of-, og-, and op-. Obcompressed (a.) Compressed or flattened antero-posteriorly, or in a way opposite to the usual one. Obconic (a.) Alt. of Obconical Obconical (a.) Conical, but having the apex downward; inversely conical. Obcordate (a.) Heart-shaped, with the attachment at the pointed end; inversely cordate: as, an obcordate petal or leaf. Obdiplostemonous (a.) Having twice as many stamens as petals, those of the outer set being opposite the petals; -- said of flowers. Obdiplostemony (n.) The condition of being obdiplostemonous. Obdormition (n.) Sleep. Obduce (v. t.) To draw over, as a covering. Obduct (v. t.) To draw over; to cover. Obduction (n.) The act of drawing or laying over, as a covering. Obduracy (n.) The duality or state of being obdurate; invincible hardness of heart; obstinacy. Obdurate (a.) Hardened in feelings, esp. against moral or mollifying influences; unyielding; hard-hearted; stubbornly wicked. Obdurate (a.) Hard; harsh; rugged; rough; intractable. Obdurate (v. t.) To harden. Obduration (n.) A hardening of the heart; hardness of heart. Obdure (v. t.) To harden. Obdure (a.) Alt. of Obdured Obdured (a.) Obdurate; hard. Obdureness (n.) Alt. of Obduredness Obduredness (n.) Hardness. Obbe (n.) See Obi. Obeah (n.) Same as Obi. Obeah (a.) Of or pertaining to obi; as, the obeah man. Obedible (a.) Obedient. Obedience (n.) The act of obeying, or the state of being obedient; compliance with that which is required by authority; subjection to rightful restraint or control. Obedience (n.) Words or actions denoting submission to authority; dutifulness. Obedience (n.) A following; a body of adherents; as, the Roman Catholic obedience, or the whole body of persons who submit to the authority of the pope. Obedience (n.) A cell (or offshoot of a larger monastery) governed by a prior. Obedience (n.) One of the three monastic vows. Obedience (n.) The written precept of a superior in a religious order or congregation to a subject. Obedienciary (n.) One yielding obedience. Obedient (a.) Subject in will or act to authority; willing to obey; submissive to restraint, control, or command. Obediential (a.) According to the rule of obedience. Obediently (adv.) In an obedient manner; with obedience. Obeisance (n.) Obedience. Obeisance (n.) A manifestation of obedience; an expression of difference or respect; homage; a bow; a courtesy. Obeisancy (n.) See Obeisance. Obeisant (a.) Ready to obey; reverent; differential; also, servilely submissive. Obelion (n.) The region of the skull between the two parietal foramina where the closure of the sagittal suture usually begins. Obeliscal (a.) Formed like an obelisk. Obelisk (n.) An upright, four-sided pillar, gradually tapering as it rises, and terminating in a pyramid called pyramidion. It is ordinarily monolithic. Egyptian obelisks are commonly covered with hieroglyphic writing from top to bottom. Obelisk (n.) A mark of reference; -- called also dagger [/]. See Dagger, n., 2. Obelisked (imp. & p. p.) of Obelisk Obelisking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obelisk Obelisk (v. t.) To mark or designate with an obelisk. Obelized (imp. & p. p.) of Obelize Obelizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obelize Obelize (v. t.) To designate with an obelus; to mark as doubtful or spirituous. Obeli (pl. ) of Obelus Obelus (n.) A mark [thus /, or O ]; -- so called as resembling a needle. In old MSS. or editions of the classics, it marks suspected passages or readings. Obequitate (v. i.) To ride about. Oberon (n.) The king of the fairies, and husband of Titania or Queen Mab. Oberration (n.) A wandering about. Obese (a.) Excessively corpulent; fat; fleshy. Obeseness (n.) Quality of being obese; obesity. Obesity (n.) The state or quality of being obese; incumbrance of flesh. Obeyed (imp. & p. p.) of Obey Obeying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obey Obey (v. t.) To give ear to; to execute the commands of; to yield submission to; to comply with the orders of. Obey (v. t.) To submit to the authority of; to be ruled by. Obey (v. t.) To yield to the impulse, power, or operation of; as, a ship obeys her helm. Obey (v. i.) To give obedience. Obeyer (n.) One who yields obedience. Obeyingly (adv.) Obediently; submissively. Obfirm (v. t.) Alt. of Obfirmate Obfirmate (v. t.) To make firm; to harden in resolution. Obfirmation (n.) Hardness of heart; obduracy. Obfuscate (a.) Obfuscated; darkened; obscured. Obfuscated (imp. & p. p.) of Obfuscate Obfuscating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obfuscate Obfuscate (v. t.) To darken; to obscure; to becloud; hence, to confuse; to bewilder. Obfuscation (n.) The act of darkening or bewildering; the state of being darkened. Obi (n.) A species of sorcery, probably of African origin, practiced among the negroes of the West Indies. Obi (n.) A charm or fetich. Obimbricate (a.) Imbricated, with the overlapping ends directed downward. Obit (n.) Death; decease; the date of one's death. Obit (n.) A funeral solemnity or office; obsequies. Obit (n.) A service for the soul of a deceased person on the anniversary of the day of his death. Obiter (adv.) In passing; incidentally; by the way. Obitual (a.) Of or pertaining to obits, or days when obits are celebrated; as, obitual days. Obituarily (adv.) In the manner of an obituary. Obiyuary (a.) Of or pertaining to the death of a person or persons; as, an obituary notice; obituary poetry. Obituaries (pl. ) of Obituary Obituary (n.) That which pertains to, or is called forth by, the obit or death of a person; esp., an account of a deceased person; a notice of the death of a person, accompanied by a biographical sketch. Obituary (n.) A list of the dead, or a register of anniversary days when service is performed for the dead. Objected (imp. & p. p.) of Object Objecting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Object Object (v. t.) To set before or against; to bring into opposition; to oppose. Object (v. t.) To offer in opposition as a criminal charge or by way of accusation or reproach; to adduce as an objection or adverse reason. Object (v. i.) To make opposition in words or argument; -- usually followed by to. Object (v. t.) That which is put, or which may be regarded as put, in the way of some of the senses; something visible or tangible; as, he observed an object in the distance; all the objects in sight; he touched a strange object in the dark. Object (v. t.) That which is set, or which may be regarded as set, before the mind so as to be apprehended or known; that of which the mind by any of its activities takes cognizance, whether a thing external in space or a conception formed by the mind itself; as, an object of knowledge, wonder, fear, thought, study, etc. Object (v. t.) That by which the mind, or any of its activities, is directed; that on which the purpose are fixed as the end of action or effort; that which is sought for; end; aim; motive; final cause. Object (v. t.) Sight; show; appearance; aspect. Object (v. t.) A word, phrase, or clause toward which an action is directed, or is considered to be directed; as, the object of a transitive verb. Object (a.) Opposed; presented in opposition; also, exposed. Objectable (a.) Such as can be presented in opposition; that may be put forward as an objection. Objectify (v. t.) To cause to become an object; to cause to assume the character of an object; to render objective. Objection (n.) The act of objecting; as, to prevent agreement, or action, by objection. Objection (n.) That which is, or may be, presented in opposition; an adverse reason or argument; a reason for objecting; obstacle; impediment; as, I have no objection to going; unreasonable objections. Objection (n.) Cause of trouble; sorrow. Objectionable (a.) Liable to objection; likely to be objected to or disapproved of; offensive; as, objectionable words. Objectist (n.) One who adheres to, or is skilled in, the objective philosophy. Objectivate (v. t.) To objectify. Objectivation (n.) Converting into an object. Objective (a.) Of or pertaining to an object. Objective (a.) Of or pertaining to an object; contained in, or having the nature or position of, an object; outward; external; extrinsic; -- an epithet applied to whatever ir exterior to the mind, or which is simply an object of thought or feeling, and opposed to subjective. Objective (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, the case which follows a transitive verb or a preposition, being that case in which the direct object of the verb is placed. See Accusative, n. Objective (n.) The objective case. Objective (n.) An object glass. See under Object, n. Objective (n.) Same as Objective point, under Objective, a. Objectively (adv.) In the manner or state of an object; as, a determinate idea objectively in the mind. Objectiveness (n.) Objectivity. Objectivity (n.) The state, quality, or relation of being objective; character of the object or of the objective. Obectize (v. t.) To make an object of; to regard as an object; to place in the position of an object. Objectless (a.) Having no object; purposeless. Objector (n.) One who objects; one who offers objections to a proposition or measure. Objibways (n.pl.) See Chippeways. Objicient (n.) One who makes objection; an objector. Objuration (n.) A binding by oath. Objurgated (imp. & p. p.) of Objurgate Objurgating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Objurgate Objurgate (v. t.) To chide; to reprove. Objurgation (n.) The act of objurgating; reproof. Objurgatory (a.) Designed to objurgate or chide; containing or expressing reproof; culpatory. Oblanceolate (a.) Lanceolate in the reversed order, that is, narrowing toward the point of attachment more than toward the apex. Oblate (a.) Flattened or depressed at the poles; as, the earth is an oblate spheroid. Oblate (a.) Offered up; devoted; consecrated; dedicated; -- used chiefly or only in the titles of Roman Catholic orders. See Oblate, n. Oblate (a.) One of an association of priests or religious women who have offered themselves to the service of the church. There are three such associations of priests, and one of women, called oblates. Oblate (a.) One of the Oblati. Oblateness (n.) The quality or state of being oblate. Oblati (n. pl.) Children dedicated in their early years to the monastic state. Oblati (n. pl.) A class of persons, especially in the Middle Ages, who offered themselves and their property to a monastery. Oblation (n.) The act of offering, or of making an offering. Oblation (n.) Anything offered or presented in worship or sacred service; an offering; a sacrifice. Oblation (n.) A gift or contribution made to a church, as for the expenses of the eucharist, or for the support of the clergy and the poor. Oblationer (n.) One who makes an offering as an act worship or reverence. Oblatrate (v. i.) To bark or snarl, as a dog. Oblatration (n.) The act of oblatrating; a barking or snarling. Oblata (pl. ) of Oblatum Oblatum (n.) An oblate spheroid; a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse about its minor axis. Cf. Oblongum. Oblectate (v. t.) To delight; to please greatly. Oblectation (n.) The act of pleasing highly; the state of being greatly pleased; delight. Obligable (a.) Acknowledging, or complying with, obligation; trustworthy. Obligated (imp. & p. p.) of Obligate Obligating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obligate Obligate (v. t.) To bring or place under obligation, moral or legal; to hold by a constraining motive. Obligate (v. t.) To bind or firmly hold to an act; to compel; to constrain; to bind to any act of duty or courtesy by a formal pledge. Obligation (n.) The act of obligating. Obligation (n.) That which obligates or constrains; the binding power of a promise, contract, oath, or vow, or of law; that which constitutes legal or moral duty. Obligation (n.) Any act by which a person becomes bound to do something to or for anouther, or to forbear something; external duties imposed by law, promise, or contract, by the relations of society, or by courtesy, kindness, etc. Obligation (n.) The state of being obligated or bound; the state of being indebted for an act of favor or kindness; as, to place others under obligations to one. Obligation (n.) A bond with a condition annexed, and a penalty for nonfulfillment. In a larger sense, it is an acknowledgment of a duty to pay a certain sum or do a certain things. Obligato (a.) See Obbligato. Obligatorily (adv.) In an obligatory manner; by reason of obligation. Obligatoriness (n.) The quality or state of being obligatory. Obligatory (a.) Binding in law or conscience; imposing duty or obligation; requiring performance or forbearance of some act; -- often followed by on or upon; as, obedience is obligatory on a soldier. Obliged (imp. & p. p.) of Oblige Obliging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oblige Oblige (v. t.) To attach, as by a bond. Oblige (v. t.) To constrain by physical, moral, or legal force; to put under obligation to do or forbear something. Oblige (v. t.) To bind by some favor rendered; to place under a debt; hence, to do a favor to; to please; to gratify; to accommodate. Obligee (n.) The person to whom another is bound, or the person to whom a bond is given. Obligement (n.) Obligation. Obliger (n.) One who, or that which, obliges. Obliging (a.) Putting under obligation; disposed to oblige or do favors; hence, helpful; civil; kind. Obligor (n.) The person who binds himself, or gives his bond to another. Obliquation (n.) The act of becoming oblique; a turning to one side; obliquity; as, the obliquation of the eyes. Obliquation (n.) Deviation from moral rectitude. Oblique (a.) Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from, the base; slanting; inclined. Oblique (a.) Not straightforward; indirect; obscure; hence, disingenuous; underhand; perverse; sinister. Oblique (a.) Not direct in descent; not following the line of father and son; collateral. Oblique (n.) An oblique line. Obliqued (imp. & p. p.) of Oblique Obliquing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oblique Oblique (v. i.) To deviate from a perpendicular line; to move in an oblique direction. Oblique (v. i.) To march in a direction oblique to the line of the column or platoon; -- formerly accomplished by oblique steps, now by direct steps, the men half-facing either to the right or left. Oblique-angled (a.) Having oblique angles; as, an oblique-angled triangle. Obliquely (adv.) In an oblique manner; not directly; indirectly. Obliqueness (n.) Quality or state of being oblique. Obliquities (pl. ) of Obliquity Obliquity (n.) The condition of being oblique; deviation from a right line; deviation from parallelism or perpendicularity; the amount of such deviation; divergence; as, the obliquity of the ecliptic to the equator. Obliquity (n.) Deviation from ordinary rules; irregularity; deviation from moral rectitude. Oblite (a.) Indistinct; slurred over. Obliterated (imp. & p. p.) of Obliterate Obliterating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obliterate Obliterate (v. t.) To erase or blot out; to efface; to render undecipherable, as a writing. Obliterate (v. t.) To wear out; to remove or destroy utterly by any means; to render imperceptible; as. to obliterate ideas; to obliterate the monuments of antiquity. Obliterate (a.) Scarcely distinct; -- applied to the markings of insects. Obliteration (n.) The act of obliterating, or the state of being obliterated; extinction. Obliterative (a.) Tending or serving to obliterate. Oblivion (n.) The act of forgetting, or the state of being forgotten; cessation of remembrance; forgetfulness. Oblivion (n.) Official ignoring of offenses; amnesty, or general pardon; as, an act of oblivion. Oblivious (a.) Promoting oblivion; causing forgetfulness. Oblivious (a.) Evincing oblivion; forgetful. Oblocutor (n.) A disputer; a gainsayer. Oblong (a.) Having greater length than breadth, esp. when rectangular. Oblong (n.) A rectangular figure longer than it is broad; hence, any figure longer than it is broad. Oblongata (n.) The medulla oblongata. Oblongatal (a.) Of or pertaining to the medulla oblongata; medullar. Oblongish (a.) Somewhat oblong. Oblongly (adv.) In an oblong form. Oblongness (n.) State or quality of being oblong. Oblong-ovate (a.) Between oblong and ovate, but inclined to the latter. Oblonga (pl. ) of Oblongum Oblongum (n.) A prolate spheroid; a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse about its greater axis. Cf. Oblatum, and see Ellipsoid of revolution, under Ellipsoid. Obloquious (a.) Containing obloquy; reproachful Obloquy (n.) Censorious speech; defamatory language; language that casts contempt on men or their actions; blame; reprehension. Obloquy (n.) Cause of reproach; disgrace. Obluctation (n.) A struggle against; resistance; opposition. Obmutescence (n.) A becoming dumb; loss of speech. Obmutescence (n.) A keeping silent or mute. Obnoxious (a.) Subject; liable; exposed; answerable; amenable; -- with to. Obnoxious (a.) Liable to censure; exposed to punishment; reprehensible; blameworthy. Obnoxious (a.) Offensive; odious; hateful; as, an obnoxious statesman; a minister obnoxious to the Whigs. Obnubilate (v. t.) To cloud; to obscure. Oboe (n.) One of the higher wind instruments in the modern orchestra, yet of great antiquity, having a penetrating pastoral quality of tone, somewhat like the clarinet in form, but more slender, and sounded by means of a double reed; a hautboy. Oboist (n.) A performer on the oboe. Obolary (a.) Possessing only small coins; impoverished. Obole (n.) A weight of twelve grains; or, according to some, of ten grains, or half a scruple. Obolize (v. t.) See Obelize. Obolo (n.) A copper coin, used in the Ionian Islands, about one cent in value. Oboli (pl. ) of Obolus Obolus (n.) A small silver coin of Athens, the sixth part of a drachma, about three cents in value. Obolus (n.) An ancient weight, the sixth part of a drachm. Obomegoid (a.) Obversely omegoid. Oboval (a.) Obovate. Obovate (a.) Inversely ovate; ovate with the narrow end downward; as, an obovate leaf. Obreption (n.) The act of creeping upon with secrecy or by surprise. Obreption (n.) The obtaining gifts of escheat by fraud or surprise. Obreptitious (a.) Done or obtained by surprise; with secrecy, or by concealment of the truth. Obrogate (v. t.) To annul indirectly by enacting a new and contrary law, instead of by expressly abrogating or repealing the old one. Obrok (n.) A rent. Obrok (n.) A poll tax paid by peasants absent from their lord's estate. Obscene (a/) Offensive to chastity or modesty; expressing of presenting to the mind or view something which delicacy, purity, and decency forbid to be exposed; impure; as, obscene language; obscene pictures. Obscene (a/) Foul; fifthy; disgusting. Obscene (a/) Inauspicious; ill-omened. Obscenities (pl. ) of Obscenity Obscenity (n.) That quality in words or things which presents what is offensive to chasity or purity of mind; obscene or impure lanquage or acts; moral impurity; lewdness; obsceneness; as, the obscenity of a speech, or a picture. Obscurant (n.) One who obscures; one who prevents enlightenment or hinders the progress of knowledge and wisdom. Obscurantism (n.) The system or the principles of the obscurants. Obscurantist (n.) Same as Obscurant. Obscuration (v. t.) The act or operation of obscuring; the state of being obscured; as, the obscuration of the moon in an eclipse. Obscure (superl.) Covered over, shaded, or darkened; destitute of light; imperfectly illuminated; dusky; dim. Obscure (superl.) Of or pertaining to darkness or night; inconspicuous to the sight; indistinctly seen; hidden; retired; remote from observation; unnoticed. Obscure (superl.) Not noticeable; humble; mean. Obscure (superl.) Not easily understood; not clear or legible; abstruse or blind; as, an obscure passage or inscription. Obscure (superl.) Not clear, full, or distinct; clouded; imperfect; as, an obscure view of remote objects. Obscured (imp. & p. p.) of Obscure Obscuring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obscure Obscure (a.) To render obscure; to darken; to make dim; to keep in the dark; to hide; to make less visible, intelligible, legible, glorious, beautiful, or illustrious. Obscure (v. i.) To conceal one's self; to hide; to keep dark. Obscure (n.) Obscurity. Obscurely (adv.) In an obscure manner. Obscurement (n.) The act of obscuring, or the state of being obscured; obscuration. Obscureness (n.) Obscurity. Obscurer (n.) One who, or that which, obscures. Obscurity (n.) The quality or state of being obscure; darkness; privacy; inconspicuousness; unintelligibleness; uncertainty. Obsecrated (imp. & p. p.) of Obsecrate Obsecrating (p. pr. & vb, n.) of Obsecrate Obsecrate (v. t.) To beseech; to supplicate; to implore. Obsecration (n.) The act of obsecrating or imploring; as, the obsecrations of the Litany, being those clauses beginning with "By." Obsecration (n.) A figure of speech in which the orator implores the assistance of God or man. Obsecratory (a.) Expressing, or used in, entreaty; supplicatory. Obsequent (a.) Obedient; submissive; obsequious. Obsequience (n.) Obsequiousness. Obsequies (n.pl.) See Obsequy. Obsequious (a.) Promptly obedient, or submissive, to the will of another; compliant; yielding to the desires of another; devoted. Obsequious (a.) Servilely or meanly attentive; compliant to excess; cringing; fawning; as, obsequious flatterer, parasite. Obsequious (a.) Of or pertaining to obsequies; funereal. Obsequiously (adv.) In an obsequious manner; compliantly; fawningly. Obsequiously (adv.) In a manner appropriate to obsequies. Obsequiousness (n.) The quality or state of being obsequious. Obsequies (pl. ) of Obsequy Obsequy (n.) The last duty or service to a person, rendered after his death; hence, a rite or ceremony pertaining to burial; -- now used only in the plural. Obsequy (n.) Obsequiousness. Observable (a.) Worthy or capable of being observed; discernible; noticeable; remarkable. Observance (n.) The act or practice of observing or noticing with attention; a heeding or keeping with care; performance; -- usually with a sense of strictness and fidelity; as, the observance of the Sabbath is general; the strict observance of duties. Observance (n.) An act, ceremony, or rite, as of worship or respect; especially, a customary act or service of attention; a form; a practice; a rite; a custom. Observance (n.) Servile attention; sycophancy. Observancy (n.) Observance. Observanda (pl. ) of Observandum Observandum (n.) A thing to be observed. Observant (a.) Taking notice; viewing or noticing attentively; watchful; attentive; as, an observant spectator; observant habits. Observant (a.) Submissively attentive; obediently watchful; regardful; mindful; obedient (to); -- with of, as, to be observant of rules. Observant (n.) One who observes forms and rules. Observant (n.) A sycophantic servant. Observant (n.) An Observantine. Observantine (n.) One of a branch of the Order of Franciscans, who profess to adhere more strictly than the Conventuals to the intention of the founder, especially as to poverty; -- called also Observants. Observantly (adv.) In an observant manner. Observation (n.) The act or the faculty of observing or taking notice; the act of seeing, or of fixing the mind upon, anything. Observation (n.) The result of an act, or of acts, of observing; view; reflection; conclusion; judgment. Observation (n.) Hence: An expression of an opinion or judgment upon what one has observed; a remark. Observation (n.) Performance of what is prescribed; adherence in practice; observance. Observation (n.) The act of recognizing and noting some fact or occurrence in nature, as an aurora, a corona, or the structure of an animal. Observation (n.) Specifically, the act of measuring, with suitable instruments, some magnitude, as the time of an occultation, with a clock; the right ascension of a star, with a transit instrument and clock; the sun's altitude, or the distance of the moon from a star, with a sextant; the temperature, with a thermometer, etc. Observation (n.) The information so acquired. Observational (a.) Of a pertaining to observation; consisting of, or containing, observations. Observative (a.) Observing; watchful. Observator (n.) One who observes or takes notice. Observator (n.) One who makes a remark. Observatories (pl. ) of Observatory Observatory (n.) A place or building for making observations on the heavenly bodies. Observatory (n.) A building fitted with instruments for making systematic observations of any particular class or series of natural phenomena. Observatory (n.) A place, as an elevated chamber, from which a view may be observed or commanded. Observatory (n.) A lookout on a flank of a battery whence an officer can note the range and effect of the fire. Observed (imp. & p. p.) of Observe Observing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Observe Observe (v. t.) To take notice of by appropriate conduct; to conform one's action or practice to; to keep; to heed; to obey; to comply with; as, to observe rules or commands; to observe civility. Observe (v. t.) To be on the watch respecting; to pay attention to; to notice with care; to see; to perceive; to discover; as, to observe an eclipse; to observe the color or fashion of a dress; to observe the movements of an army. Observe (v. t.) To express as what has been noticed; to utter as a remark; to say in a casual or incidental way; to remark. Observe (v. i.) To take notice; to give attention to what one sees or hears; to attend. Observe (v. i.) To make a remark; to comment; -- generally with on or upon. Observer (n.) One who observes, or pays attention to, anything; especially, one engaged in, or trained to habits of, close and exact observation; as, an astronomical observer. Observer (n.) One who keeps any law, custom, regulation, rite, etc.; one who conforms to anything in practice. Observer (n.) One who fulfills or performs; as, an observer of his promises. Observer (n.) A sycophantic follower. Observership (n.) The office or work of an observer. Observing (a.) Giving particular attention; habitually attentive to what passes; as, an observing person; an observing mind. Obsess (v. t.) To besiege; to beset. Obsession (n.) The act of besieging. Obsession (n.) The state of being besieged; -- used specifically of a person beset by a spirit from without. Obsidian (n.) A kind of glass produced by volcanoes. It is usually of a black color, and opaque, except in thin splinters. Obsidional (a.) Of or pertaining to a siege. Obsigillation (n.) A sealing up. Obsign (v. t.) To seal; to confirm, as by a seal or stamp. Obsignate (v. t.) To seal; to ratify. Obsignation (n.) The act of sealing or ratifying; the state of being sealed or confirmed; confirmation, as by the Holy Spirit. Obsignatory (a.) Ratifying; confirming by sealing. Obsolesce (v. i.) To become obsolescent. Obsolescence (n.) The state of becoming obsolete. Obsolescent (a.) Going out of use; becoming obsolete; passing into desuetude. Obsolete (a.) No longer in use; gone into disuse; disused; neglected; as, an obsolete word; an obsolete statute; -- applied chiefly to words, writings, or observances. Obsolete (a.) Not very distinct; obscure; rudimental; imperfectly developed; abortive. Obsolete (v. i.) To become obsolete; to go out of use. Obsoletely (adv.) In an obsolete manner. Obsoleteness (n.) The state of being obsolete, or no longer used; a state of desuetude. Obsoleteness (n.) Indistinctness; want of development. Obsoletism (n.) A disused word or phrase; an archaism. Obstacle (v.) That which stands in the way, or opposes; anything that hinders progress; a hindrance; an obstruction, physical or moral. Obstancy (n.) Opposition; impediment; obstruction. Obstetric (a.) Alt. of Obstetrical Obstetrical (a.) Of or pertaining to midwifery, or the delivery of women in childbed; as, the obstetric art. Obstetricate (v. i.) To perform the office of midwife. Obstetricate (v. t.) To assist as a midwife. Obstetrication (n.) The act of assisting as a midwife; delivery. Obstetrician (n.) One skilled in obstetrics; an accoucheur. Obstetricious (a.) Serving to assist childbirth; obstetric; hence, facilitating any bringing forth or deliverance. Obstetrics (n.) The science of midwifery; the art of assisting women in parturition, or in the trouble incident to childbirth. Obstetricy (n.) Obstetrics. Obstinacy (n.) A fixedness in will, opinion, or resolution that can not be shaken at all, or only with great difficulty; firm and usually unreasonable adherence to an opinion, purpose, or system; unyielding disposition; stubborness; pertinacity; persistency; contumacy. Obstinacy (n.) The quality or state of being difficult to remedy, relieve, or subdue; as, the obstinacy of a disease or evil. Obstinate (a.) Pertinaciously adhering to an opinion, purpose, or course; persistent; not yielding to reason, arguments, or other means; stubborn; pertinacious; -- usually implying unreasonableness. Obstinate (a.) Not yielding; not easily subdued or removed; as, obstinate fever; obstinate obstructions. Obstination (n.) Obstinacy; stubbornness. Obstipation (n.) The act of stopping up, as a passage. Obstipation (n.) Extreme constipation. Obstreperous (a.) Attended by, or making, a loud and tumultuous noise; clamorous; noisy; vociferous. Obstriction (n.) The state of being constrained, bound, or obliged; that which constrains or obliges; obligation; bond. Obstringe (v. t.) To constrain; to put under obligation. Obstructed (imp. & p. p.) of Obstruct Obstructing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obstruct Obstruct (v. t.) To block up; to stop up or close, as a way or passage; to place an obstacle in, or fill with obstacles or impediments that prevent or hinder passing; as, to obstruct a street; to obstruct the channels of the body. Obstruct (v. t.) To be, or come, in the way of; to hinder from passing; to stop; to impede; to retard; as, the bar in the harbor obstructs the passage of ships; clouds obstruct the light of the sun; unwise rules obstruct legislation. Obstructer (n.) One who obstructs or hinders. Obstruction (n.) The act of obstructing, or state of being obstructed. Obstruction (n.) That which obstructs or impedes; an obstacle; an impediment; a hindrance. Obstruction (n.) The condition of having the natural powers obstructed in their usual course; the arrest of the vital functions; death. Obstructionism (n.) The act or the policy of obstructing progress. Obstructionist (n.) One who hinders progress; one who obstructs business, as in a legislative body. Obstructionist (a.) Of or pertaining to obstructionists. Obstructive (a.) Tending to obstruct; presenting obstacles; hindering; causing impediment. Obstructive (n.) An obstructive person or thing. Obstruent (a.) Causing obstruction; blocking up; hindering; as, an obstruent medicine. Obstruent (n.) Anything that obstructs or closes a passage; esp., that which obstructs natural passages in the body; as, a medicine which acts as an obstruent. Obstupefaction (n.) See Stupefaction. Obstupefactive (a.) Stupefactive. Obstupefy (v. t.) See Stupefy. Obtained (imp. & p. p.) of Obtain Obtaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obtain Obtain (v. t.) To hold; to keep; to possess. Obtain (v. t.) To get hold of by effort; to gain possession of; to procure; to acquire, in any way. Obtain (v. i.) To become held; to gain or have a firm footing; to be recognized or established; to subsist; to become prevalent or general; to prevail; as, the custom obtains of going to the seashore in summer. Obtain (v. i.) To prevail; to succeed. Obtainable (a.) Capable of being obtained. Obtainer (n.) One who obtains. Obtainment (n.) The act or process of obtaining; attainment. Obtected (a.) Covered; protected. Obtected (a.) Covered with a hard chitinous case, as the pupa of certain files. Obtemper (v. t. & i.) To obey (a judgment or decree). Obtemperate (v. t.) To obey. Obtended (imp. & p. p.) of Obtend Obtending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obtend Obtend (v. t.) To oppose; to hold out in opposition. Obtend (v. t.) To offer as the reason of anything; to pretend. Obtenebration (n.) The act of darkening; the state of being darkened; darkness. Obtension (n.) The act of obtending. Obtested (imp. & p. p.) of Obtest Obtesting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obtest Obtest (v. t.) To call to witness; to invoke as a witness. Obtest (v. t.) To beseech; to supplicate; to beg for. Obtest (v. i.) To protest. Obtestation (n.) The act of obtesting; supplication; protestation. Obtrectation (n.) Slander; detraction; calumny. Obtruded (imp. & p. p.) of Obtrude Obtruding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obtrude Obtrude (v. t.) To thrust impertinently; to present without warrant or solicitation; as, to obtrude one's self upon a company. Obtrude (v. t.) To offer with unreasonable importunity; to urge unduly or against the will. Obtrude (v. i.) To thrust one's self upon a company or upon attention; to intrude. Obtruder (n.) One who obtrudes. Obtruncate (v. t.) To deprive of a limb; to lop. Obtruncation (n.) The act of lopping or cutting off. Obtrusion (n.) The act of obtruding; a thrusting upon others by force or unsolicited; as, the obtrusion of crude opinions on the world. Obtrusion (n.) That which is obtruded. Obtrusionist (n.) One who practices or excuses obtrusion. Obtrusive (a.) Disposed to obtrude; inclined to intrude or thrust one's self or one's opinions upon others, or to enter uninvited; forward; pushing; intrusive. Obtunded (imp. & p. p.) of Obtund Obtunding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obtund Obtund (v. t.) To reduce the edge, pungency, or violent action of; to dull; to blunt; to deaden; to quell; as, to obtund the acrimony of the gall. Obtundent (n.) A substance which sheathes a part, or blunts irritation, usually some bland, oily, or mucilaginous matter; -- nearly the same as demulcent. Obtunder (n.) That which obtunds or blunts; especially, that which blunts sensibility. Obturation (n.) The act of stopping up, or closing, an opening. Obturator (n.) That which closes or stops an opening. Obturator (n.) An apparatus designed to close an unnatural opening, as a fissure of the palate. Obturator (a.) Serving as an obturator; closing an opening; pertaining to, or in the region of, the obturator foramen; as, the obturator nerve. Obtusangular (a.) See Obstuseangular. Obtuse (superl.) Not pointed or acute; blunt; -- applied esp. to angles greater than a right angle, or containing more than ninety degrees. Obtuse (superl.) Not having acute sensibility or perceptions; dull; stupid; as, obtuse senses. Obtuse (superl.) Dull; deadened; as, obtuse sound. Obtuse-angled (a.) Alt. of obtuse-angular obtuse-angular (a.) Having an obtuse angle; as, an obtuse-angled triangle. Obtusely (adv.) In an obtuse manner. Obtuseness (n.) State or quality of being obtuse. Obtusion (n.) The act or process of making obtuse or blunt. Obtusion (n.) The state of being dulled or blunted; as, the obtusion of the senses. Obtusity (n.) Obtuseness. Obumbrant (a.) Overhanging; as, obumbrant feathers. Obumbrate (v. t.) To shade; to darken; to cloud. Obumbration (n.) Act of darkening or obscuring. Obuncous (a.) Hooked or crooked in an extreme degree. Obvention (n.) The act of happening incidentally; that which happens casually; an incidental advantage; an occasional offering. Obversant (a.) Conversant; familiar. Obverse (a.) Having the base, or end next the attachment, narrower than the top, as a leaf. Obverse (a.) The face of a coin which has the principal image or inscription upon it; -- the other side being the reverse. Obverse (a.) Anything necessarily involved in, or answering to, another; the more apparent or conspicuous of two possible sides, or of two corresponding things. Obversely (adv.) In an obverse manner. Obversion (n.) The act of turning toward or downward. Obversion (n.) The act of immediate inference, by which we deny the opposite of anything which has been affirmed; as, all men are mortal; then, by obversion, no men are immortal. This is also described as "immediate inference by privative conception." Obverted (imp. & p. p.) of Obvert Obverting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obvert Obvert (v. t.) To turn toward. Obviated (imp. & p. p.) of Obviate Obviating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Obviate Obviate (v. t.) To meet in the way. Obviate (v. t.) To anticipate; to prevent by interception; to remove from the way or path; to make unnecessary; as, to obviate the necessity of going. Obviation (n.) The act of obviating, or the state of being obviated. Obvious (a.) Opposing; fronting. Obvious (a.) Exposed; subject; open; liable. Obvious (a.) Easily discovered, seen, or understood; readily perceived by the eye or the intellect; plain; evident; apparent; as, an obvious meaning; an obvious remark. Obvolute (a.) Alt. of Obvoluted Obvoluted (a.) Overlapping; contorted; convolute; -- applied primarily, in botany, to two opposite leaves, each of which has one edge overlapping the nearest edge of the other, and secondarily to a circle of several leaves or petals which thus overlap. Oby (n.) See Obi. Oca (n.) A Peruvian name for certain species of Oxalis (O. crenata, and O. tuberosa) which bear edible tubers. Occamy (n.) An alloy imitating gold or silver. Occasion (n.) A falling out, happening, or coming to pass; hence, that which falls out or happens; occurrence; incident. Occasion (n.) A favorable opportunity; a convenient or timely chance; convenience. Occasion (n.) An occurrence or condition of affairs which brings with it some unlooked-for event; that which incidentally brings to pass an event, without being its efficient cause or sufficient reason; accidental or incidental cause. Occasion (n.) Need; exigency; requirement; necessity; as, I have no occasion for firearms. Occasion (n.) A reason or excuse; a motive; a persuasion. Occasioned (imp. & p. p.) of Occasion Occasioning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Occasion Occasion (v. t.) To give occasion to; to cause; to produce; to induce; as, to occasion anxiety. Occasionable (a.) Capable of being occasioned or caused. Occasional (a.) Of or pertaining to an occasion or to occasions; occurring at times, but not constant, regular, or systematic; made or happening as opportunity requires or admits; casual; incidental; as, occasional remarks, or efforts. Occasional (a.) Produced by accident; as, the occasional origin of a thing. Occasionalism (n.) The system of occasional causes; -- a name given to certain theories of the Cartesian school of philosophers, as to the intervention of the First Cause, by which they account for the apparent reciprocal action of the soul and the body. Occasionality (n.) Quality or state of being occasional; occasional occurrence. Occasionally (adv.) In an occasional manner; on occasion; at times, as convenience requires or opportunity offers; not regularly. Occasionate (v. t.) To occasion. Occasioner (n.) One who, or that which, occasions, causes, or produces. Occasive (a.) Of or pertaining to the setting sun; falling; descending; western. Occecation (n.) The act of making blind, or the state of being blind. Occident (n.) The part of the horizon where the sun last appears in the evening; that part of the earth towards the sunset; the west; -- opposed to orient. Specifically, in former times, Europe as opposed to Asia; now, also, the Western hemisphere. Occidental (a.) Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western; -- opposed to oriental; as, occidental climates, or customs; an occidental planet. Occidental (a.) Possessing inferior hardness, brilliancy, or beauty; -- used of inferior precious stones and gems, because those found in the Orient are generally superior. Occidentals (n.pl.) Western Christians of the Latin rite. See Orientals. Occiduous (a.) Western; occidental. Occipital (a.) Of or pertaining to the occiput, or back part of the head, or to the occipital bone. Occipital (n.) The occipital bone. Occipito- () A combining form denoting relation to, or situation near, the occiput; as, occipito-axial; occipito-mastoid. Occipitoaxial (a.) Of or pertaining to the occipital bone and second vertebra, or axis. Occipita (pl. ) of Occiput Occiputs (pl. ) of Occiput Occiput (n.) The back, or posterior, part of the head or skull; the region of the occipital bone. Occiput (n.) A plate which forms the back part of the head of insects. Occision (n.) A killing; the act of killing. Occlude (v. t.) To shut up; to close. Occlude (v. t.) To take in and retain; to absorb; -- said especially with respect to gases; as iron, platinum, and palladium occlude large volumes of hydrogen. Occludent (a.) Serving to close; shutting up. Occludent (n.) That which closes or shuts up. Occluse (a.) Shut; closed. Occlusion (n.) The act of occluding, or the state of being occluded. Occlusion (n.) The transient approximation of the edges of a natural opening; imperforation. Occrustate (v. t.) To incrust; to harden. Occult (a.) Hidden from the eye or the understanding; inviable; secret; concealed; unknown. Occult (v. t.) To eclipse; to hide from sight. Occultation (n.) The hiding of a heavenly body from sight by the intervention of some other of the heavenly bodies; -- applied especially to eclipses of stars and planets by the moon, and to the eclipses of satellites of planets by their primaries. Occultation (n.) Fig.: The state of being occult. Occulted (a.) Hidden; secret. Occulted (a.) Concealed by the intervention of some other heavenly body, as a star by the moon. Occulting (n.) Same as Occultation. Occultism (n.) A certain Oriental system of theosophy. Occultist (n.) An adherent of occultism. Occultly (adv.) In an occult manner. Occultness (n.) State or quality of being occult. Occupancy (n.) The act of taking or holding possession; possession; occupation. Occupant (n.) One who occupies, or takes possession; one who has the actual use or possession, or is in possession, of a thing. Occupant (n.) A prostitute. Occupate (v. t.) To occupy. Occupation (n.) The act or process of occupying or taking possession; actual possession and control; the state of being occupied; a holding or keeping; tenure; use; as, the occupation of lands by a tenant. Occupation (n.) That which occupies or engages the time and attention; the principal business of one's life; vocation; employment; calling; trade. Occupier (n.) One who occupies, or has possession. Occupier (n.) One who follows an employment; hence, a tradesman. Occupied (imp. & p. p.) of Occupy Occupying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Occupy Occupy (v. t.) To take or hold possession of; to hold or keep for use; to possess. Occupy (v. t.) To hold, or fill, the dimensions of; to take up the room or space of; to cover or fill; as, the camp occupies five acres of ground. Occupy (v. t.) To possess or use the time or capacity of; to engage the service of; to employ; to busy. Occupy (v. t.) To do business in; to busy one's self with. Occupy (v. t.) To use; to expend; to make use of. Occupy (v. t.) To have sexual intercourse with. Occupy (v. i.) To hold possession; to be an occupant. Occupy (v. i.) To follow business; to traffic. Occurred (imp. & p. p.) of Occur Occurring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Occur Occur (v. i.) To meet; to clash. Occur (v. i.) To go in order to meet; to make reply. Occur (v. i.) To meet one's eye; to be found or met with; to present itself; to offer; to appear; to happen; to take place; as, I will write if opportunity occurs. Occur (v. i.) To meet or come to the mind; to suggest itself; to be presented to the imagination or memory. Occurrence (n.) A coming or happening; as, the occurence of a railway collision. Occurrence (n.) Any incident or event; esp., one which happens without being designed or expected; as, an unusual occurrence, or the ordinary occurrences of life. Occurrent (a.) Occurring or happening; hence, incidental; accidental. Occurrent (n.) One who meets; hence, an adversary. Occurrent (n.) Anything that happens; an occurrence. Occurse (n.) Same as Occursion. Occursion (n.) A meeting; a clash; a collision. Ocean (n.) The whole body of salt water which covers more than three fifths of the surface of the globe; -- called also the sea, or great sea. Ocean (n.) One of the large bodies of water into which the great ocean is regarded as divided, as the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and Antarctic oceans. Ocean (n.) An immense expanse; any vast space or quantity without apparent limits; as, the boundless ocean of eternity; an ocean of affairs. Ocean (a.) Of or pertaining to the main or great sea; as, the ocean waves; an ocean stream. Oceanic (a.) Of or pertaining to the ocean; found or formed in or about, or produced by, the ocean; frequenting the ocean, especially mid-ocean. Oceanic (a.) Of or pertaining to Oceania or its inhabitants. Oceanography (n.) A description of the ocean. Oceanology (n.) That branch of science which relates to the ocean. Oceanus (n.) The god of the great outer sea, or the river which was believed to flow around the whole earth. Ocellary (a.) Of or pertaining to ocelli. Ocellate (a.) Same as Ocellated. Ocellated (a.) Resembling an eye. Ocellated (a.) Marked with eyelike spots of color; as, the ocellated blenny. Ocelli (pl. ) of Ocellus Ocellus (n.) A little eye; a minute simple eye found in many invertebrates. Ocellus (n.) An eyelike spot of color, as those on the tail of the peacock. Oceloid (a.) Resembling the ocelot. Ocelot (n.) An American feline carnivore (Felis pardalis). It ranges from the Southwestern United States to Patagonia. It is covered with blackish ocellated spots and blotches, which are variously arranged. The ground color varies from reddish gray to tawny yellow. Ocher (n.) Alt. of Ochre Ochre (n.) A impure earthy ore of iron or a ferruginous clay, usually red (hematite) or yellow (limonite), -- used as a pigment in making paints, etc. The name is also applied to clays of other colors. Ochre (n.) A metallic oxide occurring in earthy form; as, tungstic ocher or tungstite. Ocherous (a.) Alt. of Ochreous Ochreous (a.) Of or pertaining to ocher; containing or resembling ocher; as, ocherous matter; ocherous soil. Ochery (a.) Ocherous. Ochimy (n.) See Occamy. Ochlesis (n.) A general morbid condition induced by the crowding together of many persons, esp. sick persons, under one roof. Ochlocracy (n.) A form of government by the multitude; a mobocracy. Ochlocratic (a.) Alt. of Ochlocratical Ochlocratical (a.) Of or pertaining to ochlocracy; having the form or character of an ochlocracy; mobocratic. Ochraceous (a.) Ocherous. Ochre (n.) See Ocher. Ochreaee (pl. ) of Ochrea Ochrea (n.) A greave or legging. Ochrea (n.) A kind of sheath formed by two stipules united round a stem. Ochreate (a.) Alt. of Ochreated Ochreated (a.) Wearing or furnished with an ochrea or legging; wearing boots; booted. Ochreated (a.) Provided with ochrea, or sheathformed stipules, as the rhubarb, yellow dock, and knotgrass. Ochreous (a.) See Ocherous. Ochrey (a.) See Ochery. Ochroleucous (a.) Yellowish white; having a faint tint of dingy yellow. Ochry (a.) See Ochery. Ochymy (n.) See Occamy. -ock () A suffix used to form diminutives; as, bullock, hillock. Ocra (n.) See Okra. Ocrea (n.) See Ochrea. Ocreate (a.) Alt. of Ocreated Ocreated (a.) Same as Ochreate, Ochreated. Octa- () A prefix meaning eight. See Octo-. Octachord (n.) An instrument of eight strings; a system of eight tones. Octad (n.) An atom or radical which has a valence of eight, or is octavalent. Octaedral (a.) See Octahedral. Octaemeron (n.) A fast of eight days before a great festival. Octagon (n.) A plane figure of eight sides and eight angles. Octagon (n.) Any structure (as a fortification) or place with eight sides or angles. Octagonal (a.) Having eight sides and eight angles. Octagynous (a.) Having eight pistils or styles; octogynous. Octahedral (a.) Having eight faces or sides; of, pertaining to, or formed in, octahedrons; as, octahedral cleavage. Octahedrite (n.) Titanium dioxide occurring in acute octahedral crystals. Octahedron (n.) A solid bounded by eight faces. The regular octahedron is contained by eight equal equilateral triangles. Octamerous (a.) Having the parts in eights; as, an octamerous flower; octamerous mesenteries in polyps. Octameter (n.) A verse containing eight feet; as, --//Deep# in|to# the | dark#ness | peer#ing, | long# I | stood# there | wond'#ring, | fear#ing. Octander (n.) One of the Octandria. Octandria (n.pl.) A Linnaean class of plants, in which the flowers have eight stamens not united to one another or to the pistil. Octandrian (a.) Alt. of Octandrous Octandrous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Octandria; having eight distinct stamens. Octane (n.) Any one of a group of metametric hydrocarcons (C8H18) of the methane series. The most important is a colorless, volatile, inflammable liquid, found in petroleum, and a constituent of benzene or ligroin. Octangular (a.) Having eight angles; eight-angled. Octant (n.) The eighth part of a circle; an arc of 45 degrees. Octant (n.) The position or aspect of a heavenly body, as the moon or a planet, when half way between conjunction, or opposition, and quadrature, or distant from another body 45 degrees. Octant (n.) An instrument for measuring angles (generally called a quadrant), having an arc which measures up to 9O!, but being itself the eighth part of a circle. Cf. Sextant. Octant (n.) One of the eight parts into which a space is divided by three coordinate planes. Octapla (sing.) A portion of the Old Testament prepared by Origen in the 3d century, containing the Hebrew text and seven Greek versions of it, arranged in eight parallel columns. Octaroon (n.) See Octoroon. Octastyle (a.) See Octostyle. Octateuch (n.) A collection of eight books; especially, the first eight books of the Old Testament. Octavalent (a.) Having a valence of eight; capable of being combined with, exchanged for, or compared with, eight atoms of hydrogen; -- said of certain atoms or radicals. Octave (n.) The eighth day after a church festival, the festival day being included; also, the week following a church festival. Octave (n.) The eighth tone in the scale; the interval between one and eight of the scale, or any interval of equal length; an interval of five tones and two semitones. Octave (n.) The whole diatonic scale itself. Octave (n.) The first two stanzas of a sonnet, consisting of four verses each; a stanza of eight lines. Octave (n.) A small cask of wine, the eighth part of a pipe. Octave (a.) Consisting of eight; eight. Octavos (pl. ) of Octavo Octavo (n.) A book composed of sheets each of which is folded into eight leaves; hence, indicating more or less definitely a size of book so made; -- usually written 8vo or 8!. Octavo (a.) Having eight leaves to a sheet; as, an octavo form, book, leaf, size, etc. Octene (n.) Same as Octylene. Octennial (a.) Happening every eighth year; also, lasting a period of eight years. Octet (n.) A composition for eight parts, usually for eight solo instruments or voices. Octic (a.) Of the eighth degree or order. Octic (n.) A quantic of the eighth degree. Octile (n.) Same as Octant, 2. Octillion (n.) According to the French method of numeration (which method is followed also in the United States) the number expressed by a unit with twenty-seven ciphers annexed. According to the English method, the number expressed by a unit with forty-eight ciphers annexed. See Numeration. Octo- () Alt. of Octa- Octa- () A combining form meaning eight; as in octodecimal, octodecimal, octolocular. Octoate (n.) A salt of an octoic acid; a caprylate. October (n.) The tenth month of the year, containing thirty-one days. October (n.) Ale or cider made in that month. Octocera (n.pl.) Octocerata. Octocerata (n.pl.) A suborder of Cephalopoda including Octopus, Argonauta, and allied genera, having eight arms around the head; -- called also Octopoda. Octochord (n.) See Octachord. Octodecimo (a.) Having eighteen leaves to a sheet; as, an octodecimo form, book, leaf, size, etc. Octodecimos (pl. ) of Octodecimo Octodecimo (n.) A book composed of sheets each of which is folded into eighteen leaves; hence; indicating more or less definitely a size of book, whose sheets are so folded; -- usually written 18mo or 18!, and called eighteenmo. Octodentate (a.) Having eight teeth. Octodont (a.) Of or pertaining to the Octodontidae, a family of rodents which includes the coypu, and many other South American species. Octoedrical (a.) See Octahedral. Octofid (a.) Cleft or separated into eight segments, as a calyx. Octogamy (n.) A marrying eight times. Octogenarian (n.) A person eighty years, or more, of age. Octogenary (a.) Of eighty years of age. Octogild (n.) A pecuniary compensation for an injury, of eight times the value of the thing. Octogonal (a.) See Octagonal. Octogynia (n.pl.) A Linnaean order of plants having eight pistils. Octogynian (a.) Alt. of Octogynous Octogynous (a.) Having eight pistils; octagynous. Octoic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, octane; -- used specifically, to designate any one of a group of acids, the most important of which is called caprylic acid. Octolocular (a.) Having eight cells for seeds. Octonaphthene (n.) A colorless liquid hydrocarbon of the octylene series, occurring in Caucasian petroleum. Octonary (a.) Of or pertaining to the number eight. Octonocular (a.) Having eight eyes. Octopede (n.) An animal having eight feet, as a spider. Octopetalous (a.) Having eight petals or flower leaves. Octopod (n.) One of the Octocerata. Octopoda (n.pl.) Same as Octocerata. Octopoda (n.pl.) Same as Arachnida. Octopodia (n.pl.) Same as Octocerata. Octopus (n.) A genus of eight-armed cephalopods, including numerous species, some of them of large size. See Devilfish, Octoradiated (a.) Having eight rays. Octoroon (n.) The offspring of a quadroon and a white person; a mestee. Octospermous (a.) Containing eight seeds. Octostichous (a.) In eight vertical ranks, as leaves on a stem. Octostyle (a.) Having eight columns in the front; -- said of a temple or portico. The Parthenon is octostyle, but most large Greek temples are hexastele. See Hexastyle. Octostyle (n.) An octostyle portico or temple. Octosyllabic (a.) Alt. of Octosyllabical Octosyllabical (a.) Consisting of or containing eight syllables. Octosyllable (a.) Octosyllabic. Octosyllable (n.) A word of eight syllables. Octoyl (n.) A hypothetical radical (C8H15O), regarded as the essential residue of octoic acid. Octroi (n.) A privilege granted by the sovereign authority, as the exclusive right of trade granted to a guild or society; a concession. Octroi (n.) A tax levied in money or kind at the gate of a French city on articles brought within the walls. Octuor (n.) See Octet. Octuple (a.) Eightfold. Octyl (n.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon radical regarded as an essential residue of octane, and as entering into its derivatives; as, octyl alcohol. Octylene (n.) Any one of a series of metameric hydrocarbons (C8H16) of the ethylene series. In general they are combustible, colorless liquids. Octylic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, octyl; as, octylic ether. Ocular (a.) Depending on, or perceived by, the eye; received by actual sight; personally seeing or having seen; as, ocular proof. Ocular (a.) Of or pertaining to the eye; optic. Ocular (n.) The eyepiece of an optical instrument, as of a telescope or microscope. Ocularly (adv.) By the eye, or by actual sight. Oculary (a.) Of or pertaining to the eye; ocular; optic; as, oculary medicines. Oculate (a.) Alt. of Oculated Oculated (a.) Furnished with eyes. Oculated (a.) Having spots or holes resembling eyes; ocellated. Oculiform (a.) In the form of an eye; resembling an eye; as, an oculiform pebble. Oculina (n.) A genus of tropical corals, usually branched, and having a very volid texture. Oculinacea (n.pl.) A suborder of corals including many reef-building species, having round, starlike calicles. Oculist (n.) One skilled in treating diseases of the eye. Oculo- () A combining form from L. oculus the eye. Oculomotor (a.) Of or pertaining to the movement of the eye; -- applied especially to the common motor nerves (or third pair of cranial nerves) which supply many of the muscles of the orbit. Oculomotor (n.) The oculomotor nerve. Oculonasal (a.) Of or pertaining to the region of the eye and the nose; as, the oculonasal, or nasal, nerve, one of the branches of the ophthalmic. Oculi (pl. ) of Oculus Oculus (n.) An eye; (Bot.) a leaf bud. Oculus (n.) A round window, usually a small one. Ocypodian (n.) One of a tribe of crabs which live in holes in the sand along the seashore, and run very rapidly, -- whence the name. Od (n.) An alleged force or natural power, supposed, by Reichenbach and others, to produce the phenomena of mesmerism, and to be developed by various agencies, as by magnets, heat, light, chemical or vital action, etc.; -- called also odyle or the odylic force. Odalisque (n.) A female slave or concubine in the harem of the Turkish sultan. Odd (superl.) Not paired with another, or remaining over after a pairing; without a mate; unmatched; single; as, an odd shoe; an odd glove. Odd (superl.) Not divisible by 2 without a remainder; not capable of being evenly paired, one unit with another; as, 1, 3, 7, 9, 11, etc., are odd numbers. Odd (superl.) Left over after a definite round number has been taken or mentioned; indefinitely, but not greatly, exceeding a specified number; extra. Odd (superl.) Remaining over; unconnected; detached; fragmentary; hence, occasional; inconsiderable; as, odd jobs; odd minutes; odd trifles. Odd (superl.) Different from what is usual or common; unusual; singular; peculiar; unique; strange. Odd Fellow () A member of a secret order, or fraternity, styled the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, established for mutual aid and social enjoyment. Oddities (pl. ) of Oddity Oddity (n.) The quality or state of being odd; singularity; queerness; peculiarity; as, oddity of dress, manners, and the like. Oddity (n.) That which is odd; as, a collection of oddities. Oddly (adv.) In an odd manner; unevently. Oddly (adv.) In a peculiar manner; strangely; queerly; curiously. Oddly (adv.) In a manner measured by an odd number. Oddness (n.) The state of being odd, or not even. Oddness (n.) Singularity; strangeness; eccentricity; irregularity; uncouthness; as, the oddness of dress or shape; the oddness of an event. Odds (a.) Difference in favor of one and against another; excess of one of two things or numbers over the other; inequality; advantage; superiority; hence, excess of chances; probability. Odds (a.) Quarrel; dispute; debate; strife; -- chiefly in the phrase at odds. Ode (n.) A short poetical composition proper to be set to music or sung; a lyric poem; esp., now, a poem characterized by sustained noble sentiment and appropriate dignity of style. Odelet (n.) A little or short ode. Odeon (n.) A kind of theater in ancient Greece, smaller than the dramatic theater and roofed over, in which poets and musicians submitted their works to the approval of the public, and contended for prizes; -- hence, in modern usage, the name of a hall for musical or dramatic performances. Odeum (n.) See Odeon. Odible (a.) Fitted to excite hatred; hateful. Odic (a.) Of or pertaining to od. See Od. Odin (n.) The supreme deity of the Scandinavians; -- the same as Woden, of the German tribes. Odinic (a.) Of or pertaining to Odin. Odious (a.) Hateful; deserving or receiving hatred; as, an odious name, system, vice. Odious (a.) Causing or provoking hatred, repugnance, or disgust; offensive; disagreeable; repulsive; as, an odious sight; an odious smell. Odist (n.) A writer of an ode or odes. Odium (n.) Hatred; dislike; as, his conduct brought him into odium, or, brought odium upon him. Odium (n.) The quality that provokes hatred; offensiveness. Odized (imp. & p. p.) of Odize Odizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Odize Odize (v. t.) To charge with od. See Od. Odmyl (n.) A volatile liquid obtained by boiling sulphur with linseed oil. It has an unpleasant garlic odor. Odometer (n.) An instrument attached to the wheel of a vehicle, to measure the distance traversed; also, a wheel used by surveyors, which registers the miles and rods traversed. Odometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to the odometer, or to measurements made with it. Odometrous (a.) Serving to measure distance on a road. Odometry (n.) Measurement of distances by the odometer. Odonata (n. pl.) The division of insects that includes the dragon flies. Odontalgia (n.) Toothache. Odontalgic (a.) Of or pertaining to odontalgia. Odontalgic (n.) A remedy for the toothache. Odontalgy (n.) Same as Odontalgia. Odontiasis (n.) Cutting of the teeth; dentition. Odonto- () A combining form from Gr. 'odoy`s, 'odo`ntos, a tooth. Odontoblast (n.) One of the more or less columnar cells on the outer surface of the pulp of a tooth; an odontoplast. They are supposed to be connected with the formation of dentine. Odontoblast (n.) One of the cells which secrete the chitinous teeth of Mollusca. Odontocete (n.pl.) A subdivision of Cetacea, including the sperm whale, dolphins, etc.; the toothed whales. Odontogeny (n.) Generetion, or mode of development, of the teeth. Odontograph (n.) An instrument for marking or laying off the outlines of teeth of gear wheels. Odontographic (a.) Of or pertaining to odontography. Odontography (n.) A description of the teeth. Odontoid (a.) Having the form of a tooth; toothlike. Odontoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the odontoid bone or to the odontoid process. Odontolcae (n. pl.) An extinct order of ostrichlike aquatic birds having teeth, which are set in a groove in the jaw. It includes Hesperornis, and allied genera. See Hesperornis. Odontolite (n.) A fossil tooth colored a bright blue by phosphate of iron. It is used as an imitation of turquoise, and hence called bone turquoise. Odontology (n.) The science which treats of the teeth, their structure and development. Odontophora (n.pl.) Same as Cephalophora. Odontophore (n.) A special structure found in the mouth of most mollusks, except bivalves. It consists of several muscles and a cartilage which supports a chitinous radula, or lingual ribbon, armed with teeth. Also applied to the radula alone. See Radula. Odontophorous (a.) Having an odontophore. Odontoplast (n.) An odontoblast. Odontopteryx (n.) An extinct Eocene bird having the jaws strongly serrated, or dentated, but destitute of true teeth. It was found near London. Odontornithes (n. pl.) A group of Mesozoic birds having the jaws armed with teeth, as in most other vertebrates. They have been divided into three orders: Odontolcae, Odontotormae, and Saururae. Odontostomatous (a.) Having toothlike mandibles; -- applied to certain insects. Odontotormae (n.pl.) An order of extinct toothed birds having the teeth in sockets, as in the genus Ichthyornis. See Ichthyornis. Odor (n.) Any smell, whether fragrant or offensive; scent; perfume. Odorament (n.) A perfume; a strong scent. Odorant (a.) Yielding odors; fragrant. Odorate (a.) Odorous. Odorating (a.) Diffusing odor or scent; fragrant. Odoriferous (a.) Bearing or yielding an odor; perfumed; usually, sweet of scent; fragrant; as, odoriferous spices, particles, fumes, breezes. Odorline (n.) A pungent oily substance obtained by redistilling bone oil. Odorless (a.) Free from odor. Odorous (a.) Having or emitting an odor or scent, esp. a sweet odor; fragrant; sweet-smelling. Ods (interj.) A corruption of God's; -- formerly used in oaths and ejaculatory phrases. Odyl (n.) Alt. of Odyle Odyle (n.) See Od. [Archaic]. Odylic (a.) Of or pertaining to odyle; odic; as, odylic force. Odyssey (n.) An epic poem attributed to Homer, which describes the return of Ulysses to Ithaca after the siege of Troy. Oe () a diphthong, employed in the Latin language, and thence in the English language, as the representative of the Greek diphthong oi. In many words in common use, e alone stands instead of /. Classicists prefer to write the diphthong oe separate in Latin words. Oecoid (n.) The colorless porous framework, or stroma, of red blood corpuscles from which the zooid, or hemoglobin and other substances of the corpuscles, may be dissolved out. Oecology (n.) The various relations of animals and plants to one another and to the outer world. Oeconomical (a.) See Economical. Oeconomics (n.) See Economics. Oeconomy (n.) See Economy. Oecumenical (a.) See Ecumenical. Oedema (n.) A swelling from effusion of watery fluid in the cellular tissue beneath the skin or mucous membrance; dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue. Oedematous (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, edema; affected with edema. Oeiliad (n.) Alt. of Oeillade Oeillade (n.) A glance of the eye; an amorous look. Oelet (n.) An eye, bud, or shoot, as of a plant; an oilet. Oenanthate (n.) A salt of the supposed /nanthic acid. Oenanthic (a.) Having, or imparting, the odor characteristic of the bouquet of wine; specifically used, formerly, to designate an acid whose ethereal salts were supposed to occasion the peculiar bouquet, or aroma, of old wine. Cf. Oenanthylic. Oenanthol (n.) An oily substance obtained by the distillation of castor oil, recognized as the aldehyde of oenanthylic acid, and hence called also oenanthaldehyde. Oenanthone (n.) The ketone of oenanthic acid. Oenanthyl (n.) A hydrocarbon radical formerly supposed to exist in oenanthic acid, now known to be identical with heptyl. Oenanthylate (n.) A salt of /nanthylic acid; as, potassium oenanthylate. Oenanthylic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, oenanthyl; specifically, designating an acid formerly supposed to be identical with the acid in oenanthic ether, but now known to be identical with heptoic acid. Oenanthylidene (n.) A colorless liquid hydrocarbon, having a garlic odor; heptine. Oenanthylous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid formerly supposed to be the acid of oenanthylic ether, but now known to be a mixture of higher acids, especially capric acid. Oenocyan (n.) The coloring matter of red wines. Oenology (n.) Knowledge of wine, scientific or practical. Oenomania (n.) Delirium tremens. Oenomania (n.) Dipsomania. Oenomel (n.) Wine mixed with honey; mead, Oenometer (n.) See Alcoholometer. Oenophilist (n.) A lover of wine. Oenothionic (a.) Pertaining to an acid now called sulphovinic, / ethyl sulphuric, acid. O'er (prep. & adv.) A contr. of Over. Oesophagus (a.) Alt. of Oesophageal Oesophageal (a.) Same as Esophagus, Esophageal, etc. Oestrian (a.) Of or pertaining to the gadflies. Oestrian (n.) A gadfly. Oestrual (a.) Of or pertaining to sexual desire; -- mostly applied to brute animals; as, the oestrual period; oestrual influence. Oestruation (n.) The state of being under oestrual influence, or of having sexual desire. Oestrus (n.) A genus of gadflies. The species which deposits its larvae in the nasal cavities of sheep is oestrus ovis. Oestrus (n.) A vehement desire; esp. (Physiol.), the periodical sexual impulse of animals; heat; rut. Of (prep.) In a general sense, from, or out from; proceeding from; belonging to; relating to; concerning; -- used in a variety of applications; as: Of (prep.) Denoting that from which anything proceeds; indicating origin, source, descent, and the like; as, he is of a race of kings; he is of noble blood. Of (prep.) Denoting possession or ownership, or the relation of subject to attribute; as, the apartment of the consul: the power of the king; a man of courage; the gate of heaven. Of (prep.) Denoting the material of which anything is composed, or that which it contains; as, a throne of gold; a sword of steel; a wreath of mist; a cup of water. Of (prep.) Denoting part of an aggregate or whole; belonging to a number or quantity mentioned; out of; from amongst; as, of this little he had some to spare; some of the mines were unproductive; most of the company. Of (prep.) Denoting that by which a person or thing is actuated or impelled; also, the source of a purpose or action; as, they went of their own will; no body can move of itself; he did it of necessity. Of (prep.) Denoting reference to a thing; about; concerning; relating to; as, to boast of one's achievements. Of (prep.) Denoting nearness or distance, either in space or time; from; as, within a league of the town; within an hour of the appointed time. Of (prep.) Denoting identity or equivalence; -- used with a name or appellation, and equivalent to the relation of apposition; as, the continent of America; the city of Rome; the Island of Cuba. Of (prep.) Denoting the agent, or person by whom, or thing by which, anything is, or is done; by. Of (prep.) Denoting relation to place or time; belonging to, or connected with; as, men of Athens; the people of the Middle Ages; in the days of Herod. Of (prep.) Denoting passage from one state to another; from. Of (prep.) During; in the course of. Off (adv.) In a general sense, denoting from or away from; as: Off (adv.) Denoting distance or separation; as, the house is a mile off. Off (adv.) Denoting the action of removing or separating; separation; as, to take off the hat or cloak; to cut off, to pare off, to clip off, to peel off, to tear off, to march off, to fly off, and the like. Off (adv.) Denoting a leaving, abandonment, departure, abatement, interruption, or remission; as, the fever goes off; the pain goes off; the game is off; all bets are off. Off (adv.) Denoting a different direction; not on or towards: away; as, to look off. Off (adv.) Denoting opposition or negation. Off (interj.) Away; begone; -- a command to depart. Off (prep.) Not on; away from; as, to be off one's legs or off the bed; two miles off the shore. Off (a.) On the farther side; most distant; on the side of an animal or a team farthest from the driver when he is on foot; in the United States, the right side; as, the off horse or ox in a team, in distinction from the nigh or near horse or ox; the off leg. Off (a.) Designating a time when one is not strictly attentive to business or affairs, or is absent from his post, and, hence, a time when affairs are not urgent; as, he took an off day for fishing: an off year in politics. Off (n.) The side of the field that is on the right of the wicket keeper. Offal (n.) The rejected or waste parts of a butchered animal. Offal (n.) A dead body; carrion. Offal (n.) That which is thrown away as worthless or unfit for use; refuse; rubbish. Offcut (n.) That which is cut off. Offcut (n.) A portion ofthe printed sheet, in certain sizes of books, that is cut off before folding. Offence (n.) See Offense. Offended (imp. & p. p.) of Offend Offending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Offend Offend (v. t.) To strike against; to attack; to assail. Offend (v. t.) To displease; to make angry; to affront. Offend (v. t.) To be offensive to; to harm; to pain; to annoy; as, strong light offends the eye; to offend the conscience. Offend (v. t.) To transgress; to violate; to sin against. Offend (v. t.) To oppose or obstruct in duty; to cause to stumble; to cause to sin or to fall. Odfend (v. i.) To transgress the moral or divine law; to commit a crime; to stumble; to sin. Odfend (v. i.) To cause dislike, anger, or vexation; to displease. Offendant (n.) An offender. Offender (n.) One who offends; one who violates any law, divine or human; a wrongdoer. Offendress (n.) A woman who offends. Offense (n.) Alt. of Offence Offence (n.) The act of offending in any sense; esp., a crime or a sin, an affront or an injury. Offence (n.) The state of being offended or displeased; anger; displeasure. Offence (n.) A cause or occasion of stumbling or of sin. Offenseful (a.) Causing offense; displeasing; wrong; as, an offenseful act. Offenseless (a.) Unoffending; inoffensive. Offensible (a.) That may give offense. Offension (n.) Assault; attack. Offensive (a.) Giving offense; causing displeasure or resentment; displeasing; annoying; as, offensive words. Offensive (a.) Giving pain or unpleasant sensations; disagreeable; revolting; noxious; as, an offensive smell; offensive sounds. Offensive (a.) Making the first attack; assailant; aggressive; hence, used in attacking; -- opposed to defensive; as, an offensive war; offensive weapons. Offensive (n.) The state or posture of one who offends or makes attack; aggressive attitude; the act of the attacking party; -- opposed to defensive. Offered (imp. & p. p.) of Offer Offering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Offer Offer (v. t.) To present, as an act of worship; to immolate; to sacrifice; to present in prayer or devotion; -- often with up. Offer (v. t.) To bring to or before; to hold out to; to present for acceptance or rejection; as, to offer a present, or a bribe; to offer one's self in marriage. Offer (v. t.) To present in words; to proffer; to make a proposal of; to suggest; as, to offer an opinion. With the infinitive as an objective: To make an offer; to declare one's willingness; as, he offered to help me. Offer (v. t.) To attempt; to undertake. Offer (v. t.) To bid, as a price, reward, or wages; as, to offer a guinea for a ring; to offer a salary or reward. Offer (v. t.) To put in opposition to; to manifest in an offensive way; to threaten; as, to offer violence, attack, etc. Offer (v. i.) To present itself; to be at hand. Offer (v. i.) To make an attempt; to make an essay or a trial; -- used with at. Offer (v. t.) The act of offering, bringing forward, proposing, or bidding; a proffer; a first advance. Offer (v. t.) That which is offered or brought forward; a proposal to be accepted or rejected; a sum offered; a bid. Offer (v. t.) Attempt; endeavor; essay; as, he made an offer to catch the ball. Offerable (a.) Capable of being offered; suitable or worthy to be offered. Offerer (n.) One who offers; esp., one who offers something to God in worship. Offering (n.) The act of an offerer; a proffering. Offering (n.) That which is offered, esp. in divine service; that which is presented as an expiation or atonement for sin, or as a free gift; a sacrifice; an oblation; as, sin offering. Offering (n.) A sum of money offered, as in church service; as, a missionary offering. Specif.: (Ch. of Eng.) Personal tithes payable according to custom, either at certain seasons as Christmas or Easter, or on certain occasions as marriages or christenings. Offertories (pl. ) of Offertory Offertory (n.) The act of offering, or the thing offered. Offertory (n.) An anthem chanted, or a voluntary played on the organ, during the offering and first part of the Mass. Offertory (n.) That part of the Mass which the priest reads before uncovering the chalice to offer up the elements for consecration. Offertory (n.) The oblation of the elements. Offertory (n.) The Scripture sentences said or sung during the collection of the offerings. Offertory (n.) The offerings themselves. Offerture (n.) Offer; proposal; overture. Offhand (a.) Instant; ready; extemporaneous; as, an offhand speech; offhand excuses. Offhand (adv.) In an offhand manner; as, he replied offhand. Office (n.) That which a person does, either voluntarily or by appointment, for, or with reference to, others; customary duty, or a duty that arises from the relations of man to man; as, kind offices, pious offices. Office (n.) A special duty, trust, charge, or position, conferred by authority and for a public purpose; a position of trust or authority; as, an executive or judical office; a municipal office. Office (n.) A charge or trust, of a sacred nature, conferred by God himself; as, the office of a priest under the old dispensation, and that of the apostles in the new. Office (n.) That which is performed, intended, or assigned to be done, by a particular thing, or that which anything is fitted to perform; a function; -- answering to duty in intelligent beings. Office (n.) The place where a particular kind of business or service for others is transacted; a house or apartment in which public officers and others transact business; as, the register's office; a lawyer's office. Office (n.) The company or corporation, or persons collectively, whose place of business is in an office; as, I have notified the office. Office (n.) The apartments or outhouses in which the domestics discharge the duties attached to the service of a house, as kitchens, pantries, stables, etc. Office (n.) Any service other than that of ordination and the Mass; any prescribed religious service. Office (v. t.) To perform, as the duties of an office; to discharge. Officeholder (n.) An officer, particularly one in the civil service; a placeman. Officer (n.) One who holds an office; a person lawfully invested with an office, whether civil, military, or ecclesiastical; as, a church officer; a police officer; a staff officer. Officer (n.) Specifically, a commissioned officer, in distinction from a warrant officer. Officered (imp. & p. p.) of Officer Officering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Officer Officer (v. t.) To furnish with officers; to appoint officers over. Officer (v. t.) To command as an officer; as, veterans from old regiments officered the recruits. Official (n.) Of or pertaining to an office or public trust; as, official duties, or routine. Official (n.) Derived from the proper office or officer, or from the proper authority; made or communicated by virtue of authority; as, an official statement or report. Official (n.) Approved by authority; sanctioned by the pharmacopoeia; appointed to be used in medicine; as, an official drug or preparation. Cf. Officinal. Official (n.) Discharging an office or function. Official (a.) One who holds an office; esp., a subordinate executive officer or attendant. Official (a.) An ecclesiastical judge appointed by a bishop, chapter, archdeacon, etc., with charge of the spiritual jurisdiction. Officialism (n.) The state of being official; a system of official government; also, adherence to office routine; red-tapism. Officialily (n.) See Officialty. Officially (adv.) By the proper officer; by virtue of the proper authority; in pursuance of the special powers vested in an officer or office; as, accounts or reports officially vertified or rendered; letters officially communicated; persons officially notified. Officialty (n.) The charge, office, court, or jurisdiction of an official. Officiant (n.) The officer who officiates or performs an office, as the burial office. Officiary (a.) Of or pertaining to an office or an officer; official. Officiated (imp. & p. p.) of Officiate Officiating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Officiate Officiate (v. i.) To act as an officer in performing a duty; to transact the business of an office or public trust; to conduct a public service. Officiate (v. t.) To discharge, perform, or supply, as an official duty or function. Officiator (n.) One who officiates. Officinal (a.) Used in a shop, or belonging to it. Officinal (a.) Kept in stock by apothecaries; -- said of such drugs and medicines as may be obtained without special preparation or compounding; not magistral. Officious (a.) Pertaining to, or being in accordance with, duty. Officious (a.) Disposed to serve; kind; obliging. Officious (a.) Importunately interposing services; intermeddling in affairs in which one has no concern; meddlesome. Offing (n.) That part of the sea at a good distance from the shore, or where there is deep water and no need of a pilot; also, distance from the shore; as, the ship had ten miles offing; we saw a ship in the offing. Offish (a.) Shy or distant in manner. Offlet (n.) A pipe to let off water. Offscouring (n.) That which is scoured off; hence, refuse; rejected matter; that which is vile or despised. Offscum (n.) Removed scum; refuse; dross. Offset (n.) In general, that which is set off, from, before, or against, something Offset (n.) A short prostrate shoot, which takes root and produces a tuft of leaves, etc. See Illust. of Houseleek. Offset (n.) A sum, account, or value set off against another sum or account, as an equivalent; hence, anything which is given in exchange or retaliation; a set-off. Offset (n.) A spur from a range of hills or mountains. Offset (n.) A horizontal ledge on the face of a wall, formed by a diminution of its thickness, or by the weathering or upper surface of a part built out from it; -- called also set-off. Offset (n.) A short distance measured at right angles from a line actually run to some point in an irregular boundary, or to some object. Offset (n.) An abrupt bend in an object, as a rod, by which one part is turned aside out of line, but nearly parallel, with the rest; the part thus bent aside. Offset (n.) A more or less distinct transfer of a printed page or picture to the opposite page, when the pages are pressed together before the ink is dry or when it is poor. Offset (imp. & p. p.) of Offset Offsetting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Offset Offset (v. t.) To set off; to place over against; to balance; as, to offset one account or charge against another. Offset (v. t.) To form an offset in, as in a wall, rod, pipe, etc. Offset (v. i.) To make an offset. Offshoot (n.) That which shoots off or separates from a main stem, channel, family, race, etc.; as, the offshoots of a tree. Offshore (a.) From the shore; as, an offshore wind; an offshore signal. Offskip (n.) That part of a landscape which recedes from the spectator into distance. Offspring (n.sing. & pl.) The act of production; generation. Offspring (n.sing. & pl.) That which is produced; a child or children; a descendant or descendants, however remote from the stock. Offspring (n.sing. & pl.) Origin; lineage; family. Offuscate () Alt. of Offuscation Offuscation () See Obfuscate, Obfuscation. Oft (adv.) Often; frequently; not rarely; many times. Oft (a.) Frequent; often; repeated. Often (adv.) Frequently; many times; not seldom. Often (a.) Frequent; common; repeated. Oftenness (n.) Frequency. Oftensith (adv.) Frequently; often. Oftentide (adv.) Frequently; often. Oftentimes (adv.) Frequently; often; many times. Ofter (adv.) Compar. of Oft. Ofttimes (adv.) Frequently; often. Ogam (n.) Same as Ogham. Ogdoad (n.) A thing made up of eight parts. Ogdoastich (n.) A poem of eight lines. Ogee (n.) A molding, the section of which is the form of the letter S, with the convex part above; cyma reversa. See Illust. under Cyma. Ogee (n.) Hence, any similar figure used for any purpose. Ogeechee lime () The acid, olive-shaped, drupaceous fruit of a species of tupelo (Nyssa capitata) which grows in swamps in Georgia and Florida. Ogeechee lime () The tree which bears this fruit. Ogganition (n.) Snarling; grumbling. Ogham (n.) A particular kind of writing practiced by the ancient Irish, and found in inscriptions on stones, metals, etc. Ogive (n.) The arch or rib which crosses a Gothic vault diagonally. Ogled (imp. & p. p.) of Ogle Ogling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ogle Ogle (v. t.) To view or look at with side glances, as in fondness, or with a design to attract notice. Ogle (n.) An amorous side glance or look. Ogler (n.) One who ogles. Oglio (n.) See Olio. Ogre (n.) An imaginary monster, or hideous giant of fairy tales, who lived on human beings; hence, any frightful giant; a cruel monster. Ogreish (a.) Resembling an ogre; having the character or appearance of an ogre; suitable for an ogre. Ogress (n.) A female ogre. Ogreism (n.) Alt. of Ogrism Ogrism (n.) The character or manners of an ogre. Ogygian (a.) Of or pertaining to Ogyges, a mythical king of ancient Attica, or to a great deluge in Attica in his days; hence, primeval; of obscure antiquity. Oh (interj.) An exclamation expressing various emotions, according to the tone and manner, especially surprise, pain, sorrow, anxiety, or a wish. See the Note under O. Ohm (n.) The standard unit in the measure of electrical resistance, being the resistance of a circuit in which a potential difference of one volt produces a current of one ampere. As defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893, and by United States Statute, it is a resistance substantially equal to 109 units of resistance of the C.G.S. system of electro-magnetic units, and is represented by the resistance offered to an unvarying electric current by a column of mercury at the temperature of melting ice 14.4521 grams in mass, of a constant cross-sectional area, and of the length of 106.3 centimeters. As thus defined it is called the international ohm. Oho (interj.) An exclamation of surprise, etc. -oid () A suffix or combining form meaning like, resembling, in the form of; as in anthropoid, asteroid, spheroid. Oidium (n.) A genus of minute fungi which form a floccose mass of filaments on decaying fruit, etc. Many forms once referred to this genus are now believed to be temporary conditions of fungi of other genera, among them the vine mildew (Oidium Tuckeri), which has caused much injury to grapes. Oil (n.) Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of animal, vegetable, or mineral origin and of varied composition, and they are variously used for food, for solvents, for anointing, lubrication, illumination, etc. By extension, any substance of an oily consistency; as, oil of vitriol. Oiled (imp. & p. p.) of Oil Oiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oil Oil (v. t.) To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil. Oilbird (n.) See Guacharo. Oilcloth (n.) Cloth treated with oil or paint, and used for marking garments, covering floors, etc. Oiled (a.) Covered or treated with oil; dressed with, or soaked in, oil. Oiler (n.) One who deals in oils. Oiler (n.) One who, or that which, oils. Oilery (n.) The business, the place of business, or the goods, of a maker of, or dealer in, oils. Oiliness (n.) The quality of being oily. Oillet (n.) A small opening or loophole, sometimes circular, used in mediaeval fortifications. Oillet (n.) A small circular opening, and ring of moldings surrounding it, used in window tracery in Gothic architecture. Oilmen (pl. ) of Oilman Oilman (n.) One who deals in oils; formerly, one who dealt in oils and pickles. Oilnut (n.) The buffalo nut. See Buffalo nut, under Buffalo. Oilseed (n.) Seed from which oil is expressed, as the castor bean; also, the plant yielding such seed. See Castor bean. Oilseed (n.) A cruciferous herb (Camelina sativa). Oilseed (n.) The sesame. Oilskin (n.) Cloth made waterproof by oil. Oilstone (n.) A variety of hone slate, or whetstone, used for whetting tools when lubricated with oil. Oily (superl.) Consisting of oil; containing oil; having the nature or qualities of oil; unctuous; oleaginous; as, oily matter or substance. Oily (superl.) Covered with oil; greasy; hence, resembling oil; as, an oily appearance. Oily (superl.) Smoothly subservient; supple; compliant; plausible; insinuating. Oinement (n.) Ointment. Oinomania (n.) See oenomania. Ointed (imp. & p. p.) of Oint Ointing (p. pr & vb. n.) of Oint Oint (v. t.) To anoint. Ointment (n.) That which serves to anoint; any soft unctuous substance used for smearing or anointing; an unguent. Ojibways (n. pl.) Same as Chippeways. Ojo (n.) A spring, surrounded by rushes or rank grass; an oasis. Oke (n.) A Turkish and Egyptian weight, equal to about 2/ pounds. Oke (n.) An Hungarian and Wallachian measure, equal to about 2/ pints. Okenite (n.) A massive and fibrous mineral of a whitish color, chiefly hydrous silicate of lime. Oker (n.) See Ocher. Okra (n.) An annual plant (Abelmoschus, / Hibiscus, esculentus), whose green pods, abounding in nutritious mucilage, are much used for soups, stews, or pickles; gumbo. -ol () A suffix denoting that the substance in the name of which it appears belongs to the series of alcohols or hydroxyl derivatives, as carbinol, glycerol, etc. Olay (n. pl.) Palm leaves, prepared for being written upon with a style pointed with steel. Old (n.) Open country. Old (superl.) Not young; advanced far in years or life; having lived till toward the end of the ordinary term of living; as, an old man; an old age; an old horse; an old tree. Old (superl.) Not new or fresh; not recently made or produced; having existed for a long time; as, old wine; an old friendship. Old (superl.) Formerly existing; ancient; not modern; preceding; original; as, an old law; an old custom; an old promise. Old (superl.) Continued in life; advanced in the course of existence; having (a certain) length of existence; -- designating the age of a person or thing; as, an infant a few hours old; a cathedral centuries old. Old (superl.) Long practiced; hence, skilled; experienced; cunning; as, an old offender; old in vice. Old (superl.) Long cultivated; as, an old farm; old land, as opposed to new land, that is, to land lately cleared. Old (superl.) Worn out; weakened or exhausted by use; past usefulness; as, old shoes; old clothes. Old (superl.) More than enough; abundant. Old (superl.) Aged; antiquated; hence, wanting in the mental vigor or other qualities belonging to youth; -- used disparagingly as a term of reproach. Old (superl.) Old-fashioned; wonted; customary; as of old; as, the good old times; hence, colloquially, gay; jolly. Old (superl.) Used colloquially as a term of cordiality and familiarity. Olden (a.) Old; ancient; as, the olden time. Olden (v. i.) To grow old; to age. Old-fashioned (a.) Formed according to old or obsolete fashion or pattern; adhering to old customs or ideas; as, an old-fashioned dress, girl. Old-gentlemanly (a.) Pertaining to an old gentleman, or like one. Oldish (a.) Somewhat old. Old lang syne () See Auld lang syne. Old-maidish (a.) Like an old maid; prim; precise; particular. Old-maidism (n.) The condition or characteristics of an old maid. Oldness (n.) The state or quality of being old; old age. Oldster (n.) An old person. Old-womanish (a.) Like an old woman; anile. Olea (n.) A genus of trees including the olive. Oleaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Oleaceae), mostly trees and shrubs, of which the olive is the type. It includes also the ash, the lilac, the true jasmine, and fringe tree. Oleaginous (a.) Having the nature or qualities of oil; oily; unctuous. Oleaginousness (n.) Oiliness. Oleamen (n.) A soft ointment prepared from oil. Oleander (n.) A beautiful evergreen shrub of the Dogbane family, having clusters of fragrant red or white flowers. It is native of the East Indies, but the red variety has become common in the south of Europe. Called also rosebay, rose laurel, and South-sea rose. Oleandrine (n.) One of several alkaloids found in the leaves of the oleander. Oleaster (n.) The wild olive tree (Olea Europea, var. sylvestris). Oleaster (n.) Any species of the genus Elaeagus. See Eleagnus. The small silvery berries of the common species (Elaeagnus hortensis) are called Trebizond dates, and are made into cakes by the Arabs. Oleate (n.) A salt of oleic acid. Some oleates, as the oleate of mercury, are used in medicine by way of inunction. Olecranal (a.) Of or pertaining to the olecranon. Olecranon (n.) The large process at the proximal end of the ulna which projects behind the articulation with the humerus and forms the bony prominence of the elbow. Olefiant (a.) Forming or producing an oil; specifically, designating a colorless gaseous hydrocarbon called ethylene. Olefine (n.) Olefiant gas, or ethylene; hence, by extension, any one of the series of unsaturated hydrocarbons of which ethylene is a type. See Ethylene. Oleic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or contained in, oil; as, oleic acid, an acid of the acrylic acid series found combined with glyceryl in the form of olein in certain animal and vegetable fats and oils, such as sperm oil, olive oil, etc. At low temperatures the acid is crystalline, but melts to an oily liquid above 14/ C. Oleiferous (a.) Producing oil; as, oleiferous seeds. Olein (n.) A fat, liquid at ordinary temperatures, but solidifying at temperatures below 0! C., found abundantly in both the animal and vegetable kingdoms (see Palmitin). It dissolves solid fats, especially at 30-40! C. Chemically, olein is a glyceride of oleic acid; and, as three molecules of the acid are united to one molecule of glyceryl to form the fat, it is technically known as triolein. It is also called elain. Olent (a.) Scented. Oleograph (n.) The form or figure assumed by a drop of oil when placed upon water or some other liquid with which it does not mix. Oleograph (n.) A picture produced in oils by a process analogous to that of lithographic printing. Oleomargarine (n.) A liquid oil made from animal fats (esp. beef fat) by separating the greater portion of the solid fat or stearin, by crystallization. It is mainly a mixture of olein and palmitin with some little stearin. Oleomargarine (n.) An artificial butter made by churning this oil with more or less milk. Oleometer (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the weight and purity of oil; an elaiometer. Oleone (n.) An oily liquid, obtained by distillation of calcium oleate, and probably consisting of the ketone of oleic acid. Oleoptene (n.) See Eleoptene. Oleoresin (n.) A natural mixture of a terebinthinate oil and a resin. Oleoresin (n.) A liquid or semiliquid preparation extracted (as from capsicum, cubebs, or ginger) by means of ether, and consisting of fixed or volatile oil holding resin in solution. Oleose (a.) Alt. of Oleous Oleous (a.) Oily. Oleosity (n.) The state or quality of being oily or fat; fatness. Oleraceous (a.) Pertaining to pot herbs; of the nature or having the qualities of herbs for cookery; esculent. Olf (n.) The European bullfinch. Olfaction (n.) The sense by which the impressions made on the olfactory organs by the odorous particles in the atmosphere are perceived. Olfactive (a.) See Olfactory, a. Olfactor (n.) A smelling organ; a nose. Olfactory (a.) Of, pertaining to, or connected with, the sense of smell; as, the olfactory nerves; the olfactory cells. Olfactories (pl. ) of Olfactory Olfactory (n.) An olfactory organ; also, the sense of smell; -- usually in the plural. Oliban (n.) See Olibanum. Olibanum (n.) The fragrant gum resin of various species of Boswellia; Oriental frankincense. Olibene (n.) A colorless mobile liquid of a pleasant aromatic odor obtained by the distillation of olibanum, or frankincense, and regarded as a terpene; -- called also conimene. Olid (a.) Alt. of Olidous Olidous (a.) Having a strong, disagreeable smell; fetid. Olifant (n.) An elephant. Olifant (n.) An ancient horn, made of ivory. Oligandrous (a.) Having few stamens. Oliganthous (a.) Having few flowers. Oligarch (n.) A member of an oligarchy; one of the rulers in an oligarchical government. Oligarchal (a.) Oligarchic. Oligarchic (a.) Alt. of Oligarchical Oligarchical (a.) Of or pertaining to oligarchy, or government by a few. Oligarchist (n.) An advocate or supporter of oligarchy. Oligarchies (pl. ) of Oligarchy Oligarchy (n.) A form of government in which the supreme power is placed in the hands of a few persons; also, those who form the ruling few. Oligist (a.) Hematite or specular iron ore; -- prob. so called in allusion to its feeble magnetism, as compared with magnetite. Oligist (a.) Alt. of Oligistic Oligistic (a.) Of or pertaining to hematite. Oligo- () A combining form from Gr. /, few, little, small. Oligocene (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, certain strata which occupy an intermediate position between the Eocene and Miocene periods. Oligocene (n.) The Oligocene period. See the Chart of Geology. Oligochaeta (n. pl.) An order of Annelida which includes the earthworms and related species. Oligochete (a.) Of or pertaining to the Oligochaeta. Oligoclase (n.) A triclinic soda-lime feldspar. See Feldspar. Oligomerous (a.) Having few members in each set of organs; as, an oligomerous flower. Oligomyold (a.) Having few or imperfect syringeal muscles; -- said of some passerine birds (Oligomyodi). Oligopetalous (a.) Having few petals. Oligosepalous (a.) Having few sepals. Oligosiderite (n.) A meteorite characterized by the presence of but a small amount of metallic iron. Oligospermous (a.) Having few seeds. Oligotokous (a.) Producing few young. Olio (n.) A dish of stewed meat of different kinds. Olio (n.) A mixture; a medley. Olio (n.) A collection of miscellaneous pieces. Olitory (a.) Of or pertaining to, or produced in, a kitchen garden; used for kitchen purposes; as, olitory seeds. Oliva (n.) A genus of polished marine gastropod shells, chiefly tropical, and often beautifully colored. Olivaceous (a.) Resembling the olive; of the color of the olive; olive-green. Olivary (a.) Like an olive. Olivaster (a.) Of the color of the olive; tawny. Olive (n.) A tree (Olea Europaea) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one-seeded drupes. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit for thousands of years, and its branches are the emblems of peace. The wood is yellowish brown and beautifully variegated. Olive (n.) The fruit of the olive. It has been much improved by cultivation, and is used for making pickles. Olive oil is pressed from its flesh. Olive (n.) Any shell of the genus Oliva and allied genera; -- so called from the form. See Oliva. Olive (n.) The oyster catcher. Olive (n.) The color of the olive, a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or tawny green. Olive (n.) One of the tertiary colors, composed of violet and green mixed in equal strength and proportion. Olive (n.) An olivary body. See under Olivary. Olive (n.) A small slice of meat seasoned, rolled up, and cooked; as, olives of beef or veal. Olive (a.) Approaching the color of the olive; of a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or tawny green. Olived (a.) Decorated or furnished with olive trees. Olivenite (n.) An olive-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of copper; olive ore. Oliver (n.) An olive grove. Oliver (n.) An olive tree. Oliver (n.) A small tilt hammer, worked by the foot. Oliverian (n.) An adherent of Oliver Cromwell. Olivewood (n.) The wood of the olive. Olivewood (n.) An Australian name given to the hard white wood of certain trees of the genus Elaeodendron, and also to the trees themselves. Olivil (n.) A white crystalline substance, obtained from an exudation from the olive, and having a bitter-sweet taste and acid proporties. Olivin (n.) A complex bitter gum, found on the leaves of the olive tree; -- called also olivite. Olivine (n.) A common name of the yellowish green mineral chrysolite, esp. the variety found in eruptive rocks. Olivite (n.) See Olivin. Olla (n.) A pot or jar having a wide mouth; a cinerary urn, especially one of baked clay. Olla (n.) A dish of stewed meat; an olio; an olla-podrida. Olla-podrida (n.) A favorite Spanish dish, consisting of a mixture of several kinds of meat chopped fine, and stewed with vegetables. Olla-podrida (n.) Any incongruous mixture or miscellaneous collection; an olio. Ology (n.) A colloquial or humorous name for any science or branch of knowledge. Olpe (n.) Originally, a leather flask or vessel for oils or liquids; afterward, an earthenware vase or pitcher without a spout. Olusatrum (n.) An umbelliferous plant, the common Alexanders of Western Europe (Smyrnium Olusatrum). Olympiad (n.) A period of four years, by which the ancient Greeks reckoned time, being the interval from one celebration of the Olympic games to another, beginning with the victory of Cor/bus in the foot race, which took place in the year 776 b.c.; as, the era of the olympiads. Olympian (a.) Alt. of Olympic Olympic (a.) Of or pertaining to Olympus, a mountain of Thessaly, fabled as the seat of the gods, or to Olympia, a small plain in Elis. Olympionic (n.) An ode in honor of a victor in the Olympic games. -oma () A suffix used in medical terms to denote a morbid condition of some part, usually some kind of tumor; as in fibroma, glaucoma. Omagra (n.) Gout in the shoulder. Omahas (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians who inhabited the south side of the Missouri River. They are now partly civilized and occupy a reservation in Nebraska. Omander wood () The wood of Diospyros ebenaster, a kind of ebony found in Ceylon. Omasum (n.) The third division of the stomach of ruminants. See Manyplies, and Illust. under Ruminant. Omber (n.) Alt. of Ombre Ombre (n.) A game at cards, borrowed from the Spaniards, and usually played by three persons. Ombre (n.) A large Mediterranean food fish (Umbrina cirrhosa): -- called also umbra, and umbrine. Ombrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the rain that falls; a rain gauge. Omega (n.) The last letter of the Greek alphabet. See Alpha. Omega (n.) The last; the end; hence, death. Omegoid (a.) Having the form of the Greek capital letter Omega (/). Omelet (n.) Eggs beaten up with a little flour, etc., and cooked in a frying pan; as, a plain omelet. Omen (n.) An occurrence supposed to portend, or show the character of, some future event; any indication or action regarded as a foreshowing; a foreboding; a presage; an augury. Omened (imp. & p. p.) of Omen Omening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Omen Omen (v. t.) To divine or to foreshow by signs or portents; to have omens or premonitions regarding; to predict; to augur; as, to omen ill of an enterprise. Omened (a.) Attended by, or containing, an omen or omens; as, happy-omened day. Omental (a.) Of or pertaining to an omentum or the omenta. Omenta (pl. ) of Omentum Omentum (n.) A free fold of the peritoneum, or one serving to connect viscera, support blood vessels, etc.; an epiploon. Omer (n.) A Hebrew measure, the tenth of an ephah. See Ephah. Omiletical (a.) Homiletical. Ominate (v. t. & i.) To presage; to foreshow; to foretoken. Omination (n.) The act of ominating; presaging. Ominous (a.) Of or pertaining to an omen or to omens; being or exhibiting an omen; significant; portentous; -- formerly used both in a favorable and unfavorable sense; now chiefly in the latter; foreboding or foreshowing evil; inauspicious; as, an ominous dread. Omissible (a.) Capable of being omitted; that may be omitted. Omission (n.) The act of omitting; neglect or failure to do something required by propriety or duty. Omission (n.) That which is omitted or is left undone. Omissive (a.) Leaving out; omitting. Omitted (imp. & p. p.) of Omit Omitting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Omit Omit (v. t.) To let go; to leave unmentioned; not to insert or name; to drop. Omit (v. t.) To pass by; to forbear or fail to perform or to make use of; to leave undone; to neglect. Omittance (n.) The act of omitting, or the state of being omitted; forbearance; neglect. Omitter (n.) One who omits. Ommateal (a.) Of or pertaining to an ommateum. Ommatea (pl. ) of Ommateum Ommateum (n.) A compound eye, as of insects and crustaceans. Ommatidia (pl. ) of Ommatidium Ommatidium (n.) One of the single eyes forming the compound eyes of crustaceans, insects, and other invertebrates. Omni- () A combining form denoting all, every, everywhere; as in omnipotent, all-powerful; omnipresent. Omnibus (n.) A long four-wheeled carriage, having seats for many people; especially, one with seats running lengthwise, used in conveying passengers short distances. Omnibus (n.) A sheet-iron cover for articles in a leer or annealing arch, to protect them from drafts. Omnicorporeal (a.) Comprehending or including all bodies; embracing all substance. Omniety (n.) That which is all-pervading or all-comprehensive; hence, the Deity. Omnifarious (a.) Of all varieties, forms, or kinds. Omniferous (a.) All-bearing; producing all kinds. Omnific (a.) All-creating. Omniform (a.) Having every form or shape. Omniformity (n.) The condition or quality of having every form. Omnify (v. t.) To render universal; to enlarge. Omnigenous (a.) Consisting of all kinds. Omnigraph (n.) A pantograph. Omniparient (a.) Producing or bringing forth all things; all-producing. Omniparity (n.) Equality in every part; general equality. Omniparous (a.) Producing all things; omniparient. Omnipatient (a.) Capable of enduring all things. Omnipercipience (n.) Alt. of Omnipercipiency Omnipercipiency (n.) Perception of everything. Omnipercipient (a.) Perceiving everything. Omnipotence (n.) Alt. of Omnipotency Omnipotency (n.) The state of being omnipotent; almighty power; hence, one who is omnipotent; the Deity. Omnipotency (n.) Unlimited power of a particular kind; as, love's omnipotence. Omnipotent (a.) Able in every respect and for every work; unlimited in ability; all-powerful; almighty; as, the Being that can create worlds must be omnipotent. Omnipotent (a.) Having unlimited power of a particular kind; as, omnipotent love. Omnipotently (adv.) In an omnipotent manner. Omnipresence (n.) Presence in every place at the same time; unbounded or universal presence; ubiquity. Omnipresency (n.) Omnipresence. Omnipresent (a.) Present in all places at the same time; ubiquitous; as, the omnipresent Jehovah. Omnipresential (a.) Implying universal presence. Omniprevalent (a.) Prevalent everywhere or in all things. Omniscience (n.) The quality or state of being omniscient; -- an attribute peculiar to God. Omnisciency (n.) Omniscience. Omniscient (a.) Having universal knowledge; knowing all things; infinitely knowing or wise; as, the omniscient God. Omniscious (a.) All-knowing. Omnispective (a.) Beholding everything; capable of seeing all things; all-seeing. Omnium (n.) The aggregate value of the different stocks in which a loan to government is now usually funded. Omnium-gatherum (n.) A miscellaneous collection of things or persons; a confused mixture; a medley. Omnivagant (a.) Wandering anywhere and everywhere. Omnivora (n. pl.) A group of ungulate mammals including the hog and the hippopotamus. The term is also sometimes applied to the bears, and to certain passerine birds. Omnivorous (a.) All-devouring; eating everything indiscriminately; as, omnivorous vanity; esp. (Zool.), eating both animal and vegetable food. Omo- () A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with, or relation to, the shoulder or the scapula. Omohyoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the shoulder and the hyoid bone; as, the omohyoid muscle. Omophagic (a.) Eating raw flesh; using uncooked meat as food; as, omophagic feasts, rites. Omoplate (n.) The shoulder blade, or scapula. Omostegite (n.) The part of the carapace of a crustacean situated behind the cervical groove. Omosternal (a.) Of or pertaining to the omosternum. Omosternum (n.) The anterior element of the sternum which projects forward from between the clavicles in many batrachians and is usually tipped with cartilage. Omosternum (n.) In many mammals, an interarticular cartilage, or bone, between the sternum and the clavicle. Omphacine (a.) Of, pertaining to, or expressed from, unripe fruit; as, omphacine oil. Omphalic (a.) Of or pertaining to the umbilicus, or navel. Omphalo- () A combining form indicating connection with, or relation to, the umbilicus, or navel. Omphalocele (n.) A hernia at the navel. Omphalode (n.) The central part of the hilum of a seed, through which the nutrient vessels pass into the rhaphe or the chalaza; -- called also omphalodium. Omphalomancy (n.) Divination by means of a child's navel, to learn how many children the mother may have. Omphalomesaraic (a.) Omphalomesenteric. Omphalomesenteric (a.) Of or pertaining to the umbilicus and mesentery; omphalomesaraic; as, the omphalomesenteric arteries and veins of a fetus. Omphalopsychite (n.) A name of the Hesychasts, from their habit of gazing upon the navel. Omphalopter (n.) Alt. of Omphaloptic Omphaloptic (n.) An optical glass that is convex on both sides. Omphalos (n.) The navel. Omphalotomy (n.) The operation of dividing the navel-string. Omy (a.) Mellow, as land. On (prep.) The general signification of on is situation, motion, or condition with respect to contact or support beneath On (prep.) At, or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a thing, and supported by it; placed or lying in contact with the surface; as, the book lies on the table, which stands on the floor of a house on an island. On (prep.) To or against the surface of; -- used to indicate the motion of a thing as coming or falling to the surface of another; as, rain falls on the earth. On (prep.) Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with; as, to play on a violin or piano. Hence, figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to make an impression on the mind. On (prep.) At or near; adjacent to; -- indicating situation, place, or position; as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the fleet is on the American coast. On (prep.) In addition to; besides; -- indicating multiplication or succession in a series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on mischief; loss on loss; thought on thought. On (prep.) Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in; as, to depend on a person for assistance; to rely on; hence, indicating the ground or support of anything; as, he will promise on certain conditions; to bet on a horse. On (prep.) At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain from labor. See At (synonym). On (prep.) At the time of, conveying some notion of cause or motive; as, on public occasions, the officers appear in full dress or uniform. Hence, in consequence of, or following; as, on the ratification of the treaty, the armies were disbanded. On (prep.) Toward; for; -- indicating the object of some passion; as, have pity or compassion on him. On (prep.) At the peril of, or for the safety of. On (prep.) By virtue of; with the pledge of; -- denoting a pledge or engagement, and put before the thing pledged; as, he affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honor. On (prep.) To the account of; -- denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon; as, on us be all the blame; a curse on him. On (prep.) In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect punctuality; a satire on society. On (prep.) Of. On (prep.) Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three officers are on duty; on a journey. On (prep.) In the service of; connected with; of the number of; as, he is on a newspaper; on a committee. On (prep.) Forward, in progression; onward; -- usually with a verb of motion; as, move on; go on. On (prep.) Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the son to the grandson, and so on. On (prep.) In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep on, take your ease; say on; sing on. On (prep.) Adhering; not off; as in the phrase, "He is neither on nor off," that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute. On (prep.) Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use. On (prep.) In progress; proceeding; as, a game is on. Onagri (pl. ) of Onager Onagers (pl. ) of Onager Onager (n.) A military engine acting like a sling, which threw stones from a bag or wooden bucket, and was operated by machinery. Onager (n.) A wild ass, especially the koulan. Onagga (n.) The dauw. Onagraceous (a.) Alt. of Onagrarieous Onagrarieous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Onagraceae or Onagrarieae), which includes the fuchsia, the willow-herb (Epilobium), and the evening primrose (/nothera). Onanism (n.) Self-pollution; masturbation. Onappo (n.) A nocturnal South American monkey (Callithrix discolor), noted for its agility; -- called also ventriloquist monkey. Ince (n.) The ounce. Once (adv.) By limitation to the number one; for one time; not twice nor any number of times more than one. Once (adv.) At some one period of time; -- used indefinitely. Once (adv.) At any one time; -- often nearly equivalent to ever, if ever, or whenever; as, once kindled, it may not be quenched. Oncidium (n.) A genus of tropical orchidaceous plants, the flower of one species of which (O. Papilio) resembles a butterfly. Oncograph (n.) An instrument for registering the changes observable with an oncometer. Oncometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the variations in size of the internal organs of the body, as the kidney, spleen, etc. Oncotomy (n.) The opening of an abscess, or the removal of a tumor, with a cutting instrument. Onde (n.) Hatred; fury; envy. On dit () They say, or it is said. On dit (n.) A flying report; rumor; as, it is a mere on dit. -one () A suffix indicating that the substance, in the name of which it appears, is a ketone; as, acetone. -one () A termination indicating that the hydrocarbon to the name of which it is affixed belongs to the fourth series of hydrocarbons, or the third series of unsaturated hydrocarbonsl as, nonone. One (a.) Being a single unit, or entire being or thing, and no more; not multifold; single; individual. One (a.) Denoting a person or thing conceived or spoken of indefinitely; a certain. "I am the sister of one Claudio" [Shak.], that is, of a certain man named Claudio. One (a.) Pointing out a contrast, or denoting a particular thing or person different from some other specified; -- used as a correlative adjective, with or without the. One (a.) Closely bound together; undivided; united; constituting a whole. One (a.) Single in kind; the same; a common. One (a.) Single; inmarried. One (n.) A single unit; as, one is the base of all numbers. One (n.) A symbol representing a unit, as 1, or i. One (n.) A single person or thing. One (indef. pron.) Any person, indefinitely; a person or body; as, what one would have well done, one should do one's self. One (v. t.) To cause to become one; to gather into a single whole; to unite; to assimilite. Oneberry (n.) The herb Paris. See Herb Paris, under Herb. One-hand (a.) Employing one hand; as, the one-hand alphabet. See Dactylology. One-horse (a.) Drawn by one horse; having but a single horse; as, a one-horse carriage. One-horse (a.) Second-rate; inferior; small. Oneidas (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting the region near Oneida Lake in the State of New York, and forming part of the Five Nations. Remnants of the tribe now live in New York, Canada, and Wisconsin. Oneirocritic (a.) An interpreter of dreams. Oneirocritic (a.) Alt. of Oneirocritical Oneirocritical (a.) Of or pertaining to the interpretation of dreams. Oneirocriticism (n.) Alt. of Oneirocritics Oneirocritics (n.) The art of interpreting dreams. Oneiromancy (n.) Divination by means of dreams. Oneiroscopist (n.) One who interprets dreams. Oneiroscopy (n.) The interpretation of dreams. Oneliness (n.) The state of being one or single. Onely (a.) See Only. Onement (n.) The state of being at one or reconciled. Oneness (n.) The state of being one; singleness in number; individuality; unity. Onerary (a.) Fitted for, or carrying, a burden. Onerated (imp. & p. p.) of Onerate Onerating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Onerate Onerate (v. t.) To load; to burden. Oneration (n.) The act of loading. Onerous (a.) Burdensome; oppressive. Onerously (adv.) In an onerous manner. Ones (adv.) Once. Oneself (pron.) A reflexive form of the indefinite pronoun one. Commonly writen as two words, one's self. One-sided (a.) Having one side only, or one side prominent; hence, limited to one side; partial; unjust; unfair; as, a one-sided view or statement. One-sided (a.) Growing on one side of a stem; as, one-sided flowers. Onethe (adv.) Scarcely. See Unnethe. Ongoing (n.) The act of going forward; progress; (pl.) affairs; business; current events. Onguent (n.) An unguent. On-hanger (n.) A hanger-on. Onion (n.) A liliaceous plant of the genus Allium (A. cepa), having a strong-flavored bulb and long hollow leaves; also, its bulbous root, much used as an article of food. The name is often extended to other species of the genus. Onirocritic (a.) See Oneirocritic. Onliness (n.) The state of being alone. Onloft (adv.) Aloft; above ground. On-looker (n.) A looker-on. On-looking (a.) Looking on or forward. Only (a.) One alone; single; as, the only man present; his only occupation. Only (a.) Alone in its class; by itself; not associated with others of the same class or kind; as, an only child. Only (a.) Hence, figuratively: Alone, by reason of superiority; preeminent; chief. Only (a.) In one manner or degree; for one purpose alone; simply; merely; barely. Only (a.) So and no otherwise; no other than; exclusively; solely; wholly. Only (a.) Singly; without more; as, only-begotten. Only (a.) Above all others; particularly. Only (conj.) Save or except (that); -- an adversative used elliptically with or without that, and properly introducing a single fact or consideration. Onocerin (n.) A white crystalline waxy substance extracted from the root of the leguminous plant Ononis spinosa. Onology (n.) Foolish discourse. Onomancy (n.) Divination by the letters of a name; nomancy. Onomantic (a.) Alt. of Onomantical Onomantical (a.) Of or pertaining to onomancy. Onomastic (a.) Applied to a signature when the body of the instrument is in another's handwriting. Onomasticon (n.) A collection of names and terms; a dictionary; specif., a collection of Greek names, with explanatory notes, made by Julius Pollux about A.D.180. Onomatechny (n.) Prognostication by the letters of a name. Onomatologist (n.) One versed in the history of names. Onomatology (n.) The science of names or of their classification. Onomatope (n.) An imitative word; an onomatopoetic word. Onomatopoeia (n.) The formation of words in imitation of sounds; a figure of speech in which the sound of a word is imitative of the sound of the thing which the word represents; as, the buzz of bees; the hiss of a goose; the crackle of fire. Onomatopoeic (a.) Onomatopoetic. Onomatopoetic (a.) Of or pertaining to onomatopoeia; characterized by onomatopoeia; imitative; as, an onomatopoetic writer or word. Onomatopy (n.) Onomatopoeia. Onomomancy (n.) See Onomancy. Onondagas (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting what is now a part of the State of New York. They were the central or head tribe of the Five Nations. Onrush (n.) A rushing onward. Onset (n.) A rushing or setting upon; an attack; an assault; a storming; especially, the assault of an army. Onset (n.) A setting about; a beginning. Onset (n.) Anything set on, or added, as an ornament or as a useful appendage. Onset (v. t.) To assault; to set upon. Onset (v. t.) To set about; to begin. Onslaught (n.) An attack; an onset; esp., a furious or murderous attack or assault. Onslaught (n.) A bloody fray or battle. Onstead (n.) A single farmhouse; a steading. Onto (prep.) On the top of; upon; on. See On to, under On, prep. Ontogenesis (n.) Alt. of Ontogeny Ontogeny (n.) The history of the individual development of an organism; the history of the evolution of the germ; the development of an individual organism, -- in distinction from phylogeny, or evolution of the tribe. Called also henogenesis, henogeny. Ontogenetic (a.) Of or pertaining to ontogenesis; as, ontogenetic phenomena. Ontogenic (a.) Ontogenetic. Ontologic (a.) Ontological. Ontological (a.) Of or pertaining to ontology. Ontologically (adv.) In an ontological manner. Ontologist (n.) One who is versed in or treats of ontology. Ontology (n.) That department of the science of metaphysics which investigates and explains the nature and essential properties and relations of all beings, as such, or the principles and causes of being. Onus (n.) A burden; an obligation. Onward (a.) Moving in a forward direction; tending toward a contemplated or desirable end; forward; as, an onward course, progress, etc. Onward (a.) Advanced in a forward direction or toward an end. Onward (adv.) Toward a point before or in front; forward; progressively; as, to move onward. Onwardness (n.) Progress; advancement. Onwards (adv.) Onward. Ony (a.) Any. Onycha (n.) An ingredient of the Mosaic incense, probably the operculum of some kind of strombus. Onycha (n.) The precious stone called onyx. Onychia (n.) A whitlow. Onychia (n.) An affection of a finger or toe, attended with ulceration at the base of the nail, and terminating in the destruction of the nail. Onychomancy (n.) Divination by the nails. Onychophora (n. pl.) Malacopoda. Onyx (n.) Chalcedony in parallel layers of different shades of color. It is used for making cameos, the figure being cut in one layer with the next as a ground. Oo (a.) One. Oo (n.) A beautiful bird (Moho nobilis) of the Hawaiian Islands. It yields the brilliant yellow feathers formerly used in making the royal robes. Called also yellow-tufted honeysucker. Ooecia (pl. ) of Ooecium Ooecium (n.) One of the special zooids, or cells, of Bryozoa, destined to receive and develop ova; an ovicell. See Bryozoa. Oogenesis (n.) The development, or mode of origin, of the ova. Oogonia (pl. ) of Oogonium Oogoniums (pl. ) of Oogonium Oogonium (n.) A special cell in certain cryptogamous plants containing oospheres, as in the rockweeds (Fucus), and the orders Vaucherieae and Peronosporeae. Ooidal (a.) Shaped like an egg. Ook (n.) Oak. Oolite (n.) A variety of limestone, consisting of small round grains, resembling the roe of a fish. It sometimes constitutes extensive beds, as in the European Jurassic. See the Chart of Geology. Oolitic (a.) Of or pertaining to oolite; composed of, or resembling, oolite. Oological (a.) Of or pertaining to oology. Oologist (n.) One versed in oology. Oology (n.) The science of eggs in relation to their coloring, size, shape, and number. Oolong (n.) A fragrant variety of black tea having somewhat the flavor of green tea. Oomiac (n.) Alt. of Oomiak Oomiak (n.) A long, broad boat used by the Eskimos. Oon (a.) One. Oones (adv.) Once. Oop (v. t.) To bind with a thread or cord; to join; to unite. Oopack (n.) Alt. of Oopak Oopak (n.) A kind of black tea. Oophore (n.) An alternately produced form of certain cryptogamous plants, as ferns, mosses, and the like, which bears antheridia and archegonia, and so has sexual fructification, as contrasted with the sporophore, which is nonsexual, but produces spores in countless number. In ferns the oophore is a minute prothallus; in mosses it is the leafy plant. Oophorectomy (n.) Ovariotomy. Oophoric (a.) Having the nature of, or belonging to, an oophore. Oophorida (pl. ) of Oophoridium Oophoridiums (pl. ) of Oophoridium Oophoridium (n.) The macrosporangium or case for the larger kind of spores in heterosporous flowerless plants. Oophoritis (n.) Ovaritis. Oophyte (n.) Any plant of a proposed class or grand division (collectively termed oophytes or Oophyta), which have their sexual reproduction accomplished by motile antherozoids acting on oospheres, either while included in their oogonia or after exclusion. Oophytic (a.) Of or pertaining to an oophyte. Oorial (n.) A wild, bearded sheep inhabiting the Ladakh mountains. It is reddish brown, with a dark beard from the chin to the chest. Oosperm (n.) The ovum, after fusion with the spermatozoon in impregnation. Oospere (n.) An unfertilized, rounded mass of protoplasm, produced in an oogonium. Oospere (n.) An analogous mass of protoplasm in the ovule of a flowering plant; an embryonic vesicle. Oosporangia (pl. ) of Oosporangium Oosporangiums (pl. ) of Oosporangium Oosporangium (n.) An oogonium; also, a case containing oval or rounded spores of some other kind than oospores. Oospore (n.) A special kind of spore resulting from the fertilization of an oosphere by antherozoids. Oospore (n.) A fertilized oosphere in the ovule of a flowering plant. Oosporic (a.) Of or pertaining to an oospore. Oostegite (n.) One of the plates which in some Crustacea inclose a cavity wherein the eggs are hatched. Oothecae (pl. ) of Ootheca Ootheca (n.) An egg case, especially those of many kinds of mollusks, and of some insects, as the cockroach. Cf. Ooecium. Ootooid (n.) Alt. of Ootocoid Ootocoid (n.) A half oviparous, or an oviparous, mammal; a marsupial or monotreme. Ootype (n.) The part of the oviduct of certain trematode worms in which the ova are completed and furnished with a shell. Ooze (n.) Soft mud or slime; earth so wet as to flow gently, or easily yield to pressure. Ooze (n.) Soft flow; spring. Ooze (n.) The liquor of a tan vat. Oozed (imp. & p. p.) of Ooze Oozing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ooze Ooze (n.) To flow gently; to percolate, as a liquid through the pores of a substance or through small openings. Ooze (n.) Fig.: To leak (out) or escape slowly; as, the secret oozed out; his courage oozed out. Ooze (v. t.) To cause to ooze. Oozoa (n. pl.) Same as Acrita. Oozy (a.) Miry; containing soft mud; resembling ooze; as, the oozy bed of a river. Opacate (v. t.) To darken; to cloud. Opacity (n.) The state of being opaque; the quality of a body which renders it impervious to the rays of light; want of transparency; opaqueness. Opacity (n.) Obscurity; want of clearness. Opacous (a.) Opaque. Opacular (a.) Opaque. Opah (n.) A large oceanic fish (Lampris quttatus), inhabiting the Atlantic Ocean. It is remarkable for its brilliant colors, which are red, green, and blue, with tints of purple and gold, covered with round silvery spots. Called also king of the herrings. Opake (a.) See Opaque. Opal (n.) A mineral consisting, like quartz, of silica, but inferior to quartz in hardness and specific gravity. Opalesced (imp. & p. p.) of Opalesce Opalescing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Opalesce Opalesce (v. i.) To give forth a play of colors, like the opal. Opalescence (n.) A reflection of a milky or pearly light from the interior of a mineral, as in the moonstone; the state or quality of being opalescent. Opalescent (a.) Reflecting a milky or pearly light from the interior; having an opaline play of colors. Opaline (a.) Of, pertaining to, or like, opal in appearance; having changeable colors like those of the opal. Opalized (imp. & p. p.) of Opalize Opalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Opalize Opalize (v. t.) To convert into opal, or a substance like opal. Opalotype (n.) A picture taken on "milky" glass. Opaque (a.) Impervious to the rays of light; not transparent; as, an opaque substance. Opaque (a.) Obscure; not clear; unintelligible. Opaque (n.) That which is opaque; opacity. Opaqueness (n.) The state or quality of being impervious to light; opacity. Ope (a.) Open. Ope (v. t. & i.) To open. Opeidoscope (n.) An instrument, consisting of a tube having one end open and the other end covered with a thin flexible membrance to the center of which is attached a small mirror. It is used for exhibiting upon a screen, by means of rays reflected from the mirror, the vibratory motions caused by sounds produced at the open end of the tube, as by speaking or singing into it. Opelet (n.) A bright-colored European actinian (Anemonia, / Anthea, sulcata); -- so called because it does not retract its tentacles. Open (a.) Free of access; not shut up; not closed; affording unobstructed ingress or egress; not impeding or preventing passage; not locked up or covered over; -- applied to passageways; as, an open door, window, road, etc.; also, to inclosed structures or objects; as, open houses, boxes, baskets, bottles, etc.; also, to means of communication or approach by water or land; as, an open harbor or roadstead. Open (a.) Free to be used, enjoyed, visited, or the like; not private; public; unrestricted in use; as, an open library, museum, court, or other assembly; liable to the approach, trespass, or attack of any one; unprotected; exposed. Open (a.) Free or cleared of obstruction to progress or to view; accessible; as, an open tract; the open sea. Open (a.) Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended; expanded; as, an open hand; open arms; an open flower; an open prospect. Open (a.) Without reserve or false pretense; sincere; characterized by sincerity; unfeigned; frank; also, generous; liberal; bounteous; -- applied to personal appearance, or character, and to the expression of thought and feeling, etc. Open (a.) Not concealed or secret; not hidden or disguised; exposed to view or to knowledge; revealed; apparent; as, open schemes or plans; open shame or guilt. Open (a.) Not of a quality to prevent communication, as by closing water ways, blocking roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or inclement; mild; -- used of the weather or the climate; as, an open season; an open winter. Open (a.) Not settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not closed or withdrawn from consideration; as, an open account; an open question; to keep an offer or opportunity open. Open (a.) Free; disengaged; unappropriated; as, to keep a day open for any purpose; to be open for an engagement. Open (a.) Uttered with a relatively wide opening of the articulating organs; -- said of vowels; as, the an far is open as compared with the a in say. Open (a.) Uttered, as a consonant, with the oral passage simply narrowed without closure, as in uttering s. Open (a.) Not closed or stopped with the finger; -- said of the string of an instrument, as of a violin, when it is allowed to vibrate throughout its whole length. Open (a.) Produced by an open string; as, an open tone. Open (n.) Open or unobstructed space; clear land, without trees or obstructions; open ocean; open water. Opened (imp. & p. p.) of Open Opening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Open Open (v. t.) To make or set open; to render free of access; to unclose; to unbar; to unlock; to remove any fastening or covering from; as, to open a door; to open a box; to open a room; to open a letter. Open (v. t.) To spread; to expand; as, to open the hand. Open (v. t.) To disclose; to reveal; to interpret; to explain. Open (v. t.) To make known; to discover; also, to render available or accessible for settlements, trade, etc. Open (v. t.) To enter upon; to begin; as, to open a discussion; to open fire upon an enemy; to open trade, or correspondence; to open a case in court, or a meeting. Open (v. t.) To loosen or make less compact; as, to open matted cotton by separating the fibers. Open (v. i.) To unclose; to form a hole, breach, or gap; to be unclosed; to be parted. Open (v. i.) To expand; to spread out; to be disclosed; as, the harbor opened to our view. Open (v. i.) To begin; to commence; as, the stock opened at par; the battery opened upon the enemy. Open (v. i.) To bark on scent or view of the game. Open-air (a.) Taking place in the open air; outdoor; as, an open-air game or meeting. Openbill (n.) A bird of the genus Anastomus, allied to the stork; -- so called because the two parts of the bill touch only at the base and tip. One species inhabits India, another Africa. Called also open-beak. See Illust. (m), under Beak. Opener (n.) One who, or that which, opens. Open-eyed (a.) With eyes widely open; watchful; vigilant. Open-handed (a.) Generous; liberal; munificent. Open-headed (a.) Bareheaded. Open-hearted (a.) Candid; frank; generous. Opening (n.) The act or process of opening; a beginning; commencement; first appearance; as, the opening of a speech. Opening (n.) A place which is open; a breach; an aperture; a gap; cleft, or hole. Opening (n.) Hence: A vacant place; an opportunity; as, an opening for business. Opening (n.) A thinly wooded space, without undergrowth, in the midst of a forest; as, oak openings. Openly (adv.) In an open manner; publicly; not in private; without secrecy. Openly (adv.) Without reserve or disguise; plainly; evidently. Open-mouthed (a.) Having the mouth open; gaping; hence, greedy; clamorous. Openness (n.) The quality or state of being open. Openwork (n.) Anything so constructed or manufactured (in needlework, carpentry, metal work, etc.) as to show openings through its substance; work that is perforated or pierced. Openwork (n.) A quarry; an open cut. Opera (n.) A drama, either tragic or comic, of which music forms an essential part; a drama wholly or mostly sung, consisting of recitative, arials, choruses, duets, trios, etc., with orchestral accompaniment, preludes, and interludes, together with appropriate costumes, scenery, and action; a lyric drama. Opera (n.) The score of a musical drama, either written or in print; a play set to music. Opera (n.) The house where operas are exhibited. Operable (a.) Practicable. Operameter (n.) An instrument or machine for measuring work done, especially for ascertaining the number of rotations made by a machine or wheel in manufacturing cloth; a counter. Operance (n.) Alt. of Operancy Operancy (n.) The act of operating or working; operation. Operand (n.) The symbol, quantity, or thing upon which a mathematical operation is performed; -- called also faciend. Operant (a.) Operative. Operant (n.) An operative person or thing. Operated (imp. & p. p.) of Operate Operating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Operate Operate (v. i.) To perform a work or labor; to exert power or strengh, physical or mechanical; to act. Operate (v. i.) To produce an appropriate physical effect; to issue in the result designed by nature; especially (Med.), to take appropriate effect on the human system. Operate (v. i.) To act or produce effect on the mind; to exert moral power or influence. Operate (v. i.) To perform some manual act upon a human body in a methodical manner, and usually with instruments, with a view to restore soundness or health, as in amputation, lithotomy, etc. Operate (v. i.) To deal in stocks or any commodity with a view to speculative profits. Operate (v. t.) To produce, as an effect; to cause. Operate (v. t.) To put into, or to continue in, operation or activity; to work; as, to operate a machine. Operatic (a.) Alt. of Operatical Operatical (a.) Of or pertaining to the opera or to operas; characteristic of, or resembling, the opera. Operation (n.) The act or process of operating; agency; the exertion of power, physical, mechanical, or moral. Operation (n.) The method of working; mode of action. Operation (n.) That which is operated or accomplished; an effect brought about in accordance with a definite plan; as, military or naval operations. Operation (n.) Effect produced; influence. Operation (n.) Something to be done; some transformation to be made upon quantities, the transformation being indicated either by rules or symbols. Operation (n.) Any methodical action of the hand, or of the hand with instruments, on the human body, to produce a curative or remedial effect, as in amputation, etc. Operative (a.) Having the power of acting; hence, exerting force, physical or moral; active in the production of effects; as, an operative motive. Operative (a.) Producing the appropriate or designed effect; efficacious; as, an operative dose, rule, or penalty. Operative (a.) Based upon, or consisting of, an operation or operations; as, operative surgery. Operative (n.) A skilled worker; an artisan; esp., one who operates a machine in a mill or manufactory. Operatively (adv.) In an operative manner. Operator (n.) One who, or that which, operates or produces an effect. Operator (n.) One who performs some act upon the human body by means of the hand, or with instruments. Operator (n.) A dealer in stocks or any commodity for speculative purposes; a speculator. Operator (n.) The symbol that expresses the operation to be performed; -- called also facient. Operatory (n.) A laboratory. Opercle (n.) Any one of the bony plates which support the gill covers of fishes; an opercular bone. Opercle (n.) An operculum. Opercula (n. pl.) See Operculum. Oparcular (a.) Of, pertaining to, or like, an operculum. Opercular (n.) The principal opercular bone or operculum of fishes. Operculate (a.) Alt. of Operculated Operculated (a.) Closed by a lid or cover, as the capsules of the mosses. Operculated (a.) Having an operculum, or an apparatus for protecting the gills; -- said of shells and of fishes. Operculiferous (a.) Bearing an operculum. Operculiform (a.) Having the form of a lid or cover. Operculigenous (a.) Producing an operculum; -- said of the foot, or part of the foot, of certain mollusks. Opercula (pl. ) of Operculum Operculums (pl. ) of Operculum Operculum (n.) The lid of a pitcherform leaf. Operculum (n.) The lid of the urnlike capsule of mosses. Operculum (n.) Any lidlike or operculiform process or part; as, the opercula of a dental follicle. Operculum (n.) The fold of integument, usually supported by bony plates, which protects the gills of most fishes and some amphibians; the gill cover; the gill lid. Operculum (n.) The principal opercular bone in the upper and posterior part of the gill cover. Operculum (n.) The lid closing the aperture of various species of shells, as the common whelk. See Illust. of Gastropoda. Operculum (n.) Any lid-shaped structure closing the aperture of a tube or shell. Operetta (n.) A short, light, musical drama. Operose (a.) Wrought with labor; requiring labor; hence, tedious; wearisome. Operosity (n.) Laboriousness. Operous (a.) Operose. Opertaneous (a.) Concealed; private. Opetide (n.) Open time; -- applied to different things Opetide (n.) The early spring, or the time when flowers begin opening. Opetide (n.) The time between Epiphany and Ash Wednesday wherein marriages were formerly solemnized publicly in churches. [Eng.] Opetide (n.) The time after harvest when the common fields are open to all kinds of stock. Ophelic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a substance (called ophelic acid) extracted from a plant (Ophelia) of the Gentian family as a bitter yellowish sirup, used in India as a febrifuge and tonic. Ophicleide (n.) A large brass wind instrument, formerly used in the orchestra and in military bands, having a loud tone, deep pitch, and a compass of three octaves; -- now generally supplanted by bass and contrabass tubas. Ophidia (n. pl.) The order of reptiles which includes the serpents. Ophidian (n.) One of the Ophidia; a snake or serpent. Ophidian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophidia; belonging to serpents. Ophidioid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophidiidae, a family of fishes which includes many slender species. Ophidioid (n.) One of the Ophidiidae. Ophidia (pl. ) of Ophidion Ophidion (n.) The typical genus of ophidioid fishes. [Written also Ophidium.] See Illust. under Ophidioid. Ophidious (a.) Ophidian. Ophiolatry (n.) The worship of serpents. Ophiologic (a.) Alt. of Ophiological Ophiological (a.) Of or pertaining to ophiology. Ophiologist (n.) One versed in the natural history of serpents. Ophiology (n.) That part of natural history which treats of the ophidians, or serpents. Ophiomancy (n.) Divination by serpents, as by their manner of eating, or by their coils. Ophiomorpha (n. pl.) An order of tailless amphibians having a slender, wormlike body with regular annulations, and usually with minute scales imbedded in the skin. The limbs are rudimentary or wanting. It includes the caecilians. Called also Gymnophiona and Ophidobatrachia. Ophiomorphite (n.) An ammonite. Ophiomorphous (a.) Having the form of a serpent. Ophiophagous (a.) Feeding on serpents; -- said of certain birds and reptiles. Ophiophagus (n.) A genus of venomous East Indian snakes, which feed on other snakes. Ophiophagus elaps is said to be the largest and most deadly of poisonous snakes. Ophite (a.) Of or pertaining to a serpent. Ophite (n.) A greenish spotted porphyry, being a diabase whose pyroxene has been altered to uralite; -- first found in the Pyreness. So called from the colored spots which give it a mottled appearance. Ophite (a.) A mamber of a Gnostic serpent-worshiping sect of the second century. Ophiuchus (n.) A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere, delineated as a man holding a serpent in his hands; -- called also Serpentarius. Ophiura (n.) A genus of ophiurioid starfishes. Ophiuran (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophiurioidea. Ophiuran (n.) One of the Ophiurioidea. Ophiurid (n.) Same as Ophiurioid. Ophiurida (n. pl.) Same as Ophiurioidea. Ophiurioid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophiurioidea. Ophiurioid (n.) One of the Ophiurioidea. Ophiurioidea (n. pl.) Alt. of Ophiuroidea Ophiuroidea (n. pl.) A class of star-shaped echinoderms having a disklike body, with slender, articulated arms, which are not grooved beneath and are often very fragile; -- called also Ophiuroida and Ophiuridea. See Illust. under Brittle star. Ophryon (n.) The supraorbital point. Ophthalmia (n.) An inflammation of the membranes or coats of the eye or of the eyeball. Ophthalmic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the eye; ocular; as the ophthalmic, or orbitonasal, nerve, a division of the trigeminal, which gives branches to the lachrymal gland, eyelids, nose, and forehead. Ophthalmite (n.) An eyestalk; the organ which bears the compound eyes of decapod Crustacea. Ophthalmological (a.) Of or pertaining to ophthalmology. Ophthalmologist (n.) One skilled in ophthalmology; an oculist. Ophthalmology (n.) The science which treats of the structure, functions, and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmometer (n.) An instrument devised by Helmholtz for measuring the size of a reflected image on the convex surface of the cornea and lens of the eye, by which their curvature can be ascertained. Ophthalmoscope (n.) An instrument for viewing the interior of the eye, particularly the retina. Light is thrown into the eye by a mirror (usually concave) and the interior is then examined with or without the aid of a lens. Ophthalmoscopy (n.) A branch of physiognomy which deduces the knowledge of a person's temper and character from the appearance of the eyes. Ophthalmoscopy (n.) Examination of the eye with the ophthalmoscope. Ophthalmy (n.) Same as Ophthalmia. Opianic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid obtained by the oxidation of narcotine. Opianine (n.) An alkaloid found in small quantity in opium. It is identical with narcotine. Opianyl (n.) Same as Meconin. Opiate (n.) Originally, a medicine of a thicker consistence than sirup, prepared with opium. Opiate (n.) Any medicine that contains opium, and has the quality of inducing sleep or repose; a narcotic. Opiate (n.) Anything which induces rest or inaction; that which quiets uneasiness. Opiate (a.) Inducing sleep; somniferous; narcotic; hence, anodyne; causing rest, dullness, or inaction; as, the opiate rod of Hermes. Opiate (v. t.) To subject to the influence of an opiate; to put to sleep. Opiated (a.) Mixed with opiates. Opiated (a.) Under the influence of opiates. Opie (n.) Opium. Opiferous (a.) Bringing help. Opifice (n.) Workmanship. Opificer (n.) An artificer; a workman. Opinable (a.) Capable of being opined or thought. Opination (n.) The act of thinking; a supposition. Opinative (a.) Obstinate in holding opinions; opinionated. Opinator (n.) One fond of his own opinious; one who holds an opinion. Opined (imp. & p. p.) of Opine Opining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Opine Opine (v. t. & i.) To have an opinion; to judge; to think; to suppose. Opiner (n.) One who opines. Opiniaster (a.) Alt. of Opiniatre Opiniatre (a.) Opinionated. Opiniastrous (a.) See Opiniaster. [Obs.]. Opinlate (v. t.) To hold or maintain persistently. Opiniated (a.) Opinionated. Opiniative (a.) Opinionative. Opiniator (n.) Alt. of Opiniatre Opiniatre (n.) One who is opinionated. Opiniatre (a.) See Opiniaster. Opiniatrety (n.) Obstinacy in opinious. Opinicus (n.) An imaginary animal borne as a charge, having wings, an eagle's head, and a short tail; -- sometimes represented without wings. Opining (n.) Opinion. Opinion (n.) That which is opined; a notion or conviction founded on probable evidence; belief stronger than impression, less strong than positive knowledge; settled judgment in regard to any point of knowledge or action. Opinion (n.) The judgment or sentiment which the mind forms of persons or things; estimation. Opinion (n.) Favorable estimation; hence, consideration; reputation; fame; public sentiment or esteem. Opinion (n.) Obstinacy in holding to one's belief or impression; opiniativeness; conceitedness. Opinion (n.) The formal decision, or expression of views, of a judge, an umpire, a counselor, or other party officially called upon to consider and decide upon a matter or point submitted. Opinion (v. t.) To opine. Opinionable (a.) Being, or capable of being, a matter of opinion; that can be thought; not positively settled; as, an opinionable doctrine. Opinionate (a.) Opinionated. Opinionated (a.) Stiff in opinion; firmly or unduly adhering to one's own opinion or to preconceived notions; obstinate in opinion. Opinionately (adv.) Conceitedly. Opinionatist (n.) An opinionist. Opinionative (a.) Unduly attached to one's own opinions; opinionated. Opinionative (a.) Of the nature of an opinion; conjectured. Opinionator (n.) An opinionated person; one given to conjecture. Opinioned (a.) Opinionated; conceited. Opinionist (n.) One fond of his own notions, or unduly attached to his own opinions. Opiparous (a.) Sumptuous. Opisometer (n.) An instrument with a revolving wheel for measuring a curved line, as on a map. Opisthion (n.) The middle of the posterior, or dorsal, margin of the great foramen of the skull. Opisthobranchia (n. pl.) Alt. of Opisthobranchiata Opisthobranchiata (n. pl.) A division of gastropod Mollusca, in which the breathing organs are usually situated behind the heart. It includes the tectibranchs and nudibranchs. Opisthobranchiate (a.) Of or pertaining to the Opisthobranchiata. Opisthobranchiate (n.) One of the Opisthobranchiata. Opisthocoelian (a.) Alt. of Opisthocoelous Opisthocoelous (a.) Concave behind; -- applied especially to vertebrae in which the anterior end of the centrum is convex and the posterior concave. Opisthodome (n.) A back chamber; especially, that part of the naos, or cella, farthest from the main entrance, sometimes having an entrance of its own, and often used as a treasury. Opisthoglypha (n. pl.) A division of serpents which have some of the posterior maxillary teeth grooved for fangs. Opisthography (n.) A writing upon the back of anything, as upon the back of a leaf or sheet already written upon on one side. Opisthomi (n. pl.) An order of eellike fishes having the scapular arch attached to the vertebrae, but not connected with the skull. Opisthopulmonate (a.) Having the pulmonary sac situated posteriorly; -- said of certain air-breathing Mollusca. Opisthotic (n.) The inferior and posterior of the three elements forming the periotic bone. Opisthotonos (n.) A tetanic spasm in which the body is bent backwards and stiffened. Opitulation (n.) The act of helping or aiding; help. Opium (n.) The inspissated juice of the Papaver somniferum, or white poppy. Ople tree () The witch-hazel. Opobalsam (n.) Alt. of Opobalsamum Opobalsamum (n.) The old name of the aromatic resinous juice of the Balsamodendron opobalsamum, now commonly called balm of Gilead. See under Balm. Opodeldoc (n.) A kind of plaster, said to have been invented by Mindererus, -- used for external injuries. Opodeldoc (n.) A saponaceous, camphorated liniment; a solution of soap in alcohol, with the addition of camphor and essential oils; soap liniment. Opopanax (n.) The inspissated juice of an umbelliferous plant (the Opoponax Chironum), brought from Turkey and the East Indies in loose granules, or sometimes in larger masses, of a reddish yellow color, with specks of white. It has a strong smell and acrid taste, and was formerly used in medicine as an emmenagogue and antispasmodic. Opossum (n.) Any American marsupial of the genera Didelphys and Chironectes. The common species of the United States is Didelphys Virginiana. Oppidan (a.) Of or pertaining to a town. Oppidan (n.) An inhabitant of a town. Oppidan (n.) A student of Eton College, England, who is not a King's scholar, and who boards in a private family. Oppignerate (v. i.) To pledge; to pawn. Oppilated (imp. & p. p.) of Oppilate Oppilating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oppilate Oppilate (v. t.) To crowd together; to fill with obstructions; to block up. Oppilation (n.) The act of filling or crowding together; a stopping by redundant matter; obstruction, particularly in the lower intestines. Oppilative (a.) Obstructive. Opplete (a.) Alt. of Oppleted Oppleted (a.) Filled; crowded. Oppletion (n.) The act of filling up, or the state of being filled up; fullness. Oppone (v. t.) To oppose. Opponency (n.) The act of opening an academical disputation; the proposition of objections to a tenet, as an exercise for a degree. Opponent (a.) Situated in front; opposite; hence, opposing; adverse; antagonistic. Opponent (n.) One who opposes; an adversary; an antagonist; a foe. Opponent (n.) One who opposes in a disputation, argument, or other verbal controversy; specifically, one who attacks some theirs or proposition, in distinction from the respondent, or defendant, who maintains it. Opportune (a.) Convenient; ready; hence, seasonable; timely. Opportune (v. t.) To suit. Opportunism (n.) The art or practice of taking advantage of opportunities or circumstances, or of seeking immediate advantage with little regard for ultimate consequences. Opportunist (n.) One who advocates or practices opportunism. Opportunities (pl. ) of Opportunity Opportunity (n.) Fit or convenient time; a time or place favorable for executing a purpose; a suitable combination of conditions; suitable occasion; chance. Opportunity (n.) Convenience of situation; fitness. Opportunity (n.) Importunity; earnestness. Opposability (n.) The condition or quality of being opposable. Opposable (a.) Capable of being opposed or resisted. Opposable (a.) Capable of being placed opposite something else; as, the thumb is opposable to the forefinger. Opposal (n.) Opposition. Opposed (imp. & p. p.) of Oppose Opposing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oppose Oppose (n.) To place in front of, or over against; to set opposite; to exhibit. Oppose (n.) To put in opposition, with a view to counterbalance or countervail; to set against; to offer antagonistically. Oppose (n.) To resist or antagonize by physical means, or by arguments, etc.; to contend against; to confront; to resist; to withstand; as, to oppose the king in battle; to oppose a bill in Congress. Oppose (n.) To compete with; to strive against; as, to oppose a rival for a prize. Oppose (v. i.) To be set opposite. Oppose (v. i.) To act adversely or in opposition; -- with against or to; as, a servant opposed against the act. Oppose (v. i.) To make objection or opposition in controversy. Opposeless (a.) Not to be effectually opposed; irresistible. Opposer (n.) One who opposes; an opponent; an antagonist; an adversary. Opposite (a.) Placed over against; standing or situated over against or in front; facing; -- often with to; as, a house opposite to the Exchange. Opposite (a.) Applied to the other of two things which are entirely different; other; as, the opposite sex; the opposite extreme. Opposite (a.) Extremely different; inconsistent; contrary; repugnant; antagonistic. Opposite (a.) Set over against each other, but separated by the whole diameter of the stem, as two leaves at the same node. Opposite (a.) Placed directly in front of another part or organ, as a stamen which stands before a petal. Opposite (n.) One who opposes; an opponent; an antagonist. Opposite (n.) That which is opposed or contrary; as, sweetness and its opposite. Oppositely (adv.) In a situation to face each other; in an opposite manner or direction; adversely. Oppositeness (n.) The quality or state of being opposite. Oppositifolious (a.) Placed at the same node with a leaf, but separated from it by the whole diameter of the stem; as, an oppositifolious peduncle. Opposition (n.) The act of opposing; an attempt to check, restrain, or defeat; resistance. Opposition (n.) The state of being placed over against; situation so as to front something else. Opposition (n.) Repugnance; contrariety of sentiment, interest, or purpose; antipathy. Opposition (n.) That which opposes; an obstacle; specifically, the aggregate of persons or things opposing; hence, in politics and parliamentary practice, the party opposed to the party in power. Opposition (n.) The situation of a heavenly body with respect to another when in the part of the heavens directly opposite to it; especially, the position of a planet or satellite when its longitude differs from that of the sun 180!; -- signified by the symbol /; as, / / /, opposition of Jupiter to the sun. Opposition (n.) The relation between two propositions when, having the same subject and predicate, they differ in quantity, or in quality, or in both; or between two propositions which have the same matter but a different form. Oppositionist (n.) One who belongs to the opposition party. Oppositipetalous (a.) Placed in front of a petal. Oppositisepalous (a.) Placed in front of a sepal. Oppositive (a.) Capable of being put in opposition. Oppressed (imp. & p. p.) of Oppress Oppressing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oppress Oppress (v. t.) To impose excessive burdens upon; to overload; hence, to treat with unjust rigor or with cruelty. Oppress (v. t.) To ravish; to violate. Oppress (v. t.) To put down; to crush out; to suppress. Oppress (v. t.) To produce a sensation of weight in (some part of the body); as, my lungs are oppressed by the damp air; excess of food oppresses the stomach. Oppression (n.) The act of oppressing, or state of being oppressed. Oppression (n.) That which oppresses; a hardship or injustice; cruelty; severity; tyranny. Oppression (n.) A sense of heaviness or obstruction in the body or mind; depression; dullness; lassitude; as, an oppression of spirits; an oppression of the lungs. Oppression (n.) Ravishment; rape. Oppressive (a.) Unreasonably burdensome; unjustly severe, rigorous, or harsh; as, oppressive taxes; oppressive exactions of service; an oppressive game law. Oppressive (a.) Using oppression; tyrannical; as, oppressive authority or commands. Oppressive (a.) Heavy; overpowering; hard to be borne; as, oppressive grief or woe. Oppressor (n.) One who oppresses; one who imposes unjust burdens on others; one who harasses others with unjust laws or unreasonable severity. Oppressure (n.) Oppression. Opprobrious (a.) Expressive of opprobrium; attaching disgrace; reproachful; scurrilous; as, opprobrious language. Opprobrious (a.) Infamous; despised; rendered hateful; as, an opprobrious name. Opprobrium (n.) Disgrace; infamy; reproach mingled with contempt; abusive language. Opprobry (n.) Opprobrium. Oppugned (imp. & p. p.) of Oppugn Oppugning (p pr. & vb. n.) of Oppugn Oppugn (v. t.) To fight against; to attack; to be in conflict with; to oppose; to resist. Oppugnancy (n.) The act of oppugning; opposition; resistance. Oppugnant (a.) Tending to awaken hostility; hostile; opposing; warring. Oppugnant (n.) An opponent. Oppugnation (n.) Opposition. Oppugner (n.) One who opposes or attacks; that which opposes. Opsimathy (n.) Education late in life. Opsiometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the limits of distincts vision in different individuals, and thus determiming the proper focal length of a lens for correcting imperfect sight. Opsonation (n.) A catering; a buying of provisions. Optable (a.) That may be chosen; desirable. Optate (v. i.) To choose; to wish for; to desire. Optation (n.) The act of optating; a wish. Optative (a.) Expressing desire or wish. Optative (n.) Something to be desired. Optative (n.) The optative mood; also, a verb in the optative mood. Optatively (adv.) In