Who are some of the most famous philosophers in the history of the world?

Note: This list is incomplete. Feel free to expand upon it if needed.

Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Lao Tzu, Confucius, Siddartha Gautama (Bhudda), St. Augustine, Voltaire, Rene Descartes, Baruch de Spinoza, John Locke, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Jean-Paul Sartre, St. Anselm, St. Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Hobbes, Adam Smith, Gandhi, George Berkeley, Jeremy Bentham, James Mill, Henry Sidgwick, William Godwin, Sun Tzu, Galileo Galilei, Protagoras, Niccolo Machiavelli, Jean Jack Rousseau


There are countless famous philosophical scholars in history, though it can be broken down to the Six Founders of Western & Eastern Philosophy:

Western Philosophy ("Big Three")

  • Socrates (Σωκράτης)
  • Plato (Πλάτων)
  • Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης)

Eastern Philosophy

  • Li Er Laozi (李耳 老子)
  • Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha (सिद्धार्थ गौतम बुद्ध)
  • Confucius (孔子)