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Judaism

Who are the followers of Judaism?

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March 05, 2017 6:50AM

The Jews, also called Israelites. As of 2010, there are approximately 14 million Jews in the world, the vast majority of whom reside in Israel and North America. Jews are either born and raised Jewish or are converts to Judaism.

Answer 1 (Islamic Perspective)

The followers of Judaism are Jews. The Jews are the people who received the Torah from God in the Sinai desert. They are monotheists and believe in God as the Creator with no physical form, no partner, no son, no father, no companion, no associate, and no equivalence.

Answer 2 (Jewish Perspective)

Religious followers of Judaism are Orthodox Jews. They believe that the Torah must be fully observed. They keep the laws of Judaism as codified in the Shulchan Arukh (Code of Jewish Law), which lists the laws of the Torah and Talmud. Torah-study is seen as very important; and the modern world is seen as subservient to the Torah, not the other way around.
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July 28, 2015 6:58AM

All Jews have the same Torah.
Religious followers of Judaism are Orthodox Jews. They believe that the Torah must be fully observed (Deuteronomy 13:5). They keep the laws of Judaism as codified in the Shulchan Arukh (Code of Jewish Law), which lists the laws of the Torah and Talmud. Torah-study is seen as very important (Deuteronomy 5:1); and the modern world is seen as subservient to the Torah (Talmud, Nedarim 32a), not the other way around.
Other Jewish groups (Conservative, Reform) adapt, curtail or change the Torah-laws in contemporary life, to a greater or lesser degree.See also:

Modern challenges for observant Jews

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July 28, 2015 6:58AM

The followers of Judaism are Jews.The Jewish people are descendants of Abraham, whose Semitic ancestors lived in the Fertile Crescent and who lived most of his life in the Middle Eastern country of Israel (Canaan) 3800 years ago.

In Ur, Abraham first repudiated idolatry. He then sojourned in Harran (Syria) for several years, and then lived in Canaan (Israel). It was in Canaan that Abraham made a covenant with God (Genesis ch.15), and raised a family to be the center of carrying on his traditions (Genesis 18:19).

Abraham's chosen son was Isaac (Genesis ch.21). Isaac's son Jacob was blessed by God, who renamed him, calling him Israel (Genesis ch.35), which is why Jews are also called Israelites.


Jacob had 12 sons, who fathered the 12 Israelite tribes. The Israelites worshiped One God.

One thousand years after Jacob, ten of the tribes were exiled by the Assyrians, to points unknown. The only complete tribes left were Judah and Benjamin; plus part of Levi. The few thousands who remained from the other tribes joined the Tribe of Judah; and modern Jews are mostly descendants of Judah (hence the word "Jew").

This tradition has been substantiated by DNA analysis of Jewish communities all over the world, showing them to be inter-related and of Middle Eastern origin. The Cohanim, a family of the tribe of Levi, also share common genetics.

We possess the names and dates of our ancestors and leaders in an unbroken chain for 3800 years.


In 2000, Nicholas Wade concluded that his DNA study "provided genetic witness that Jewish communities have, to a remarkable extent, retained their biological identity separate from their host populations, evidence of relatively little intermarriage or conversion into Judaism over the centuries. The results accord with Jewish history and tradition."

See also the other Related Links.

Link: Jewish history timeline

Link: What race were the Israelites?

Link: Jewish ancestry