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Old Testament

Who built the city of Babylon?


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February 02, 2009 9:12PM

There is a lot of debate about who founded Babylon,

The earliest source to mention Babylon may be a dated tablet of the reign of Sargon of Akkad (ca. 24th century BC). The so-called Weidner Chronicle states that it was Sargon himself who built Babylon in front of Akkad.

Another chronicle likewise states that Sargon, dug up the dirt of the pit of Babylon, and made a counterpart of Babylon next to Agade.

Some scholars, including linguist I.J. Gelb, have suggested that the name Babil is an echo of an earlier city name. According to Dr. Ranajit Pal, this city was in the East. Herzfeld wrote about Bawer in Iran, which was allegedly founded by Jamshid; the name Babil could be an echo of Bawer. David Rohl holds that the original Babylon is to be identified with Eridu. The Bible in Genesis 10 indicates that Nimrod was the original founder of Babel (Babylon).

Historical resources inform us that Babylon was at first a small town, that had sprung up by the beginning of the third millennium BC (the dawn of the dynasties). The town flourished and attained prominence and political repute with the rise of the first Babylonian dynasty. It was the "holy city" of Babylonia by approximately 2300 BC.