Romans killed Jesus with crucification, not Jews. Jews would stone people to death.
Jesus had a criminal trial before being put to death where he was charged with the following crimes...
"And they began to accuse him, saying, "We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Christ, a king."
- Luke 23:2
As you see, there are two or three criminal charges made against Jesus.
Regarding the charge of claiming to be a king, Jesus himself said...
"My kingdom is not of this world." - John 18:36
But, regarding the charge of opposing paying taxes, there is considerable evidence this is the reason why Jesus was killed.
Evidence Jesus was a tax protester
"the subjects are exempt" ... from paying taxes to "kings on the earth."
- Matthew 17:26
Tax collectors, specifically, were very big fans of Jesus.
"Now all the tax collectors and sinners kept coming to listen to Jesus."
- Luke 15:1
But, Jesus also sought out the tax collectors himself. He described himself as a friend of tax collectors.
'a friend of tax collectors and sinners!'
- Matthew 11:19
Jesus said tax collectors are sick and wanted to heal them.
"Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?" And Jesus answered and said to them, "It is not those who are well who need a physician, but those who are sick."
- Luke 5:30-31
Jesus interfered with the tax collector's at work, at least twice.
A chief tax collector, who Jesus was teaching, actually returned some of the taxes he had taken from other people. This would be something Romans, and a few other tax collectors, could not appreciate.
"Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, "Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount."
- Luke 19:8
Jesus persuaded another tax collector to abandon his duties to follow him. Again, this was not appreciated by Romans.
"As Jesus went on from there, He saw a man called Matthew, sitting in the tax collector's booth; and He said to him, "Follow Me!" And he got up and followed Him."
- Matthew 9:9
Just these two events, perverting tax collectors, was enough to charge Jesus with a tax crime.
Jesus was so well-known for being followed by tax collectors, and speaking to, and teaching tax collectors that his persecutors used the very subject of taxation in an attempt to entrap him into giving out "illegal" tax advice.
"The Pharisees went and took counsel how they might entrap him in his talk. They sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that you are honest, and teach the way of God in truth, no matter who you teach, for you aren't partial to anyone. Tell us therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"
Many believe that because Jesus answered, "give to Caesar what is Caesars", he meant we should pay taxes to Caesar. Unfortunately, every Bible version completely fails to mention something which those present already knew, that Caesar's coin had an inscription saying Caesar is divine, a god. So, Jews could not carry or use this coin without breaking the first commandment (and in some bibles the second commandment), to have no other gods, no graven images, and no bowing down to them, nor serving them.
Jesus escaped entrapment, temporarily, by stating the obvious...
"Give therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." - Matthew 22:21 (WEB)
and what is obvious is that God made everything, and so everything belongs to God.
Jesus threw the moneychangers, i.e. bankers, out of the temple. This would mean, if there is no money being "changed", there are no taxes being paid.
You'll find that Jesus was dead within just three days after throwing the moneychangers out of the temple.
According to Caesar, Caesar is god. But, this is not what Jesus was teaching to tax collectors and other "sinners".
"No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other, or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon."
- Luke 16:13 (Mammon is the god of riches)
Jesus said, "it is written"...
"You shall worship the Lord your God, and you shall serve him only."
- Matthew 4:10
Hearing all this did not make the Romans very happy, so followers of Jesus, i.e. tax collectors, sinners, (Christians) ... were persecuted.
Many people quote Romans 13 as the reason to pay taxes, but...
a. Paul wrote Romans 13.
b. Paul was a Roman.
c. Paul did not quote Jesus.
d. Paul never knew Jesus.
e. Paul did persecute followers of Jesus.
Jesus, however, specifically said, "the subjects are exempt."
And so, when the Roman Governor Pilate ultimately (obviously) found out, perhaps from other tax collectors, that Jesus was indeed leading a successful tax revolt, he was scourged and killed ... by Romans.
But good luck hearing any of this from your 501c3 church preacher on Sunday morning. He or she is forbidden by law to discuss such matters.
For more about why Jesus was killed, see 'Sources and related links' below.
1. Jesus did NOT lead a tax rebellion--he told his followers to pay Caesar in the Empire's coin. (Mark 12:17)*
Reply: Wrong. Jesus did NOT say pay taxes. Jesus said to give back (render means give back) Caesar's things, BECAUSE the tax coin claimed "Caesar is son of god". And so, because of this, it was unlawful for Jews to possess such a coin. (See 1st and 2nd commandments, no other gods, no graven images/idols)
No one would believe Jesus would break the 1st and 2nd commandments, and have others do the same.