Who documented the funeral oration of Pericles and the history of the war between Athens and Sparta?
Thucydides did the first part up to 411 BCE, Xenopon covered the rest to 404 BCE.
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well to begin the war was called the Pelponnesion war the results was the Spartans won but really the war didn't help it just made Greece weaker i guess because of its econmy
The purpose of the funeral oration is not only to respect the departed, but also to instill the citizens' national pride and a passion to fight for Athens.
Peloponnesian War "The Spartans voted that the treaty had been broken, and that war must be declared, not so much because they were persuaded by the arguments of the allies, as because they feared the growth of the power of the Athenians, seeing most of Hellas already subject to them" Book One, Ch…apter 88 Landmark Thucydides . Sparta was afraid of the growing power of their rival city-state, Athens ( Full Answer )
The war between Athens and Sparta was the Peloponnesian War. the ancient Greeks called it the war between Athens and its alliesand Sparta and its allies. The word Peloponnesian was used because the alliance led by Spartaagainst the Athenian empire was the Peloponnesian alliance, as mostof the cit…ies were in the Peloponnese Peninsula. ( Full Answer )
The Peloponnesian League led by Sparta defeated the Athenian empireafter 27 years of war in 404 BCE in what we today call thePeloponnesian War.
Athens and Sparta fought against each other in the Peloponnesianwar. The war lasted from 431 to 404 BCE. Thucydides wrote adetailed account of the war.
The Spartans and Athens went to war in 431 B.C. and the war ended in 404 B.C.
Answer . The competition of the two powers of the Ancient Greek world was on going for centuries. The longest faught war though was the Peloponnesian war [term given later by the historians] which started at 431 and ended at 404 BCE ans caused the deaths of many including Pericles son and later h…is own. ( Full Answer )
The Athenian alliance had the upper hand for the first two decades because of its naval superiority and using that amphibious capability to project its power around the Mediterranean littoral. When Persia then began to provide funds to the Spartan alliance, the Spartan alliance was able to build up …a competitive fleet, and offer the best sailors and rowers double pay, and this combination swung the advantage to them.. The Athenian fleet was eliminated in 404 BCE, Athens was beseiged and forced to surrender.. The real outcome of 27 years of warfare was the devastation of the Greek world, ascendency of Persian influence in Greek affairs, and subsequently the ability of Macedonia to dominate the weakened Greek city-states. ( Full Answer )
Fear - They feared that the rise of Athenian power would consume them - weighing the balance of power as it existed at the time, and what they saw as Athens continued rise in power - the window of opportunity to win a war against them was closing - in the end, they went to war because they feared th…e growing power of their neighbor to the north and their growing influence in the region. ( Full Answer )
The Peloponnesian war which stared at 431 BCE and lasted until 404 BCE. The Spartans won this war but could not exploit the benefits of their victory as they were too weak to re establish the state and the power they once had.
That Athens had the resources necessary to defeat the PeloponnesianLeague and would win if the Athenians organised their empire andits resources, and kept their nerve.
Athens had established an empire based on the anti-Persian league it led. It became more and more intrusive on neighbouring cities of the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta, went too far, and war ensued.
They were very different and knew that the other was powerful. They figured if they won the war they would have more authority and meaning.
Both wer Greek city-states with a broadly-based oligarchic system of government, and were allies when it suited them.
They were both city-states which contributed sea and land forces to the Greek coalition which opposed the Persians.
There were several wars in which they were on opposite sides, and some where they were on the same side. The main one was the Peloponnesian War between the Peloponnesian League and Athenian Empire 431-404 BCE .
The war was called the peloponnesian war. The wikipedia page has very acurate info. The book of the Athenian historian Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War is the main source of information.(there are many good translations)
Athens, with the resources of its alliance/empire, and its active spirit, was determined to get its own way, and was naturally adventurous and aggressive in achieving it. Sparta, with the Peloponnesian League which it had formed as a counterbalance, was conservative and unwilling to go to war, bu…t was pushed into it by its allies who were affected by the Athenian aggressiveness. A series of problems, mainly affecting Sparta's colleague Corinth, raised tensions and began sporadic fights. The culmination was Athens' ruinous trade ban against Megara, which appealed to its Pelopponesian League partners. Athens refused Sparta's request for its repeal, and all-out war followed. No one foresaw that, unlike the quick resolution which usually followed inter-city disputes, this war would last 27 years and devastate the Greek world from Sicily to Asia Minor. ( Full Answer )
Which war? There were so many in Greek history. Sometines those cities were allies, sometimes adversaries.
The assembly of the people for most of the time, and for shorter periods a broadly-based oligarchy eg 'the 5,000'.
the only war between Athens & Sparta is the pelioponnesion war where Sparta fought Athens because they thought they were too powerful. in the end Athens surrendered and Sparta then became the most powerful.
It came to a head when Athens tried to destroy economically Megara, an ally of Sparta. The Peloponnesian League led by Sparta demanded this stop, Athens refused. War ensued.
Sparta and Athens were competing for commercial interests and this , ultimately , brought the two city-states into open conflict with each other : Sparta prevailed .
Athens had formed an empire from its allies in the war against Persia. After this war was over it persisted in interfering in the affairs of other cities hich formed themselves into their own league to oppose it. Continuing pressure of Athens brought on the war when Athens refused to back away fr…om its actions. ( Full Answer )
Athens woman had to stay home and tent to the housework and chores. Spartan girls and woman were trained to be tough so they would have tough babies. The spartan women went to school and Sparta believed in sports instead of academics. Athenian women had to stay home however Athens was very enhanced …in learning and educating their men. ( Full Answer )
There were no similarities. In Athens there was Democracy while in Sparta the was Oligarchy. In Athens women didn't have any priviledges, while in Sparta women were allowed to do almost anything men did.
Spartans are from Sparta and Athens are from Athen. Plus, Athens was just a city-state, whereas Sparta is an entire different nationality.
The were leading cities of about two hundred Greek city-states which combined and fought to keep Persia from absorbing them into its empia
Sparta used rayguns while athens used ak47's and everyone knows rayguns are more powerful ten ak47's
Pericles wrote the speech as a sort of standard Eulogy for war heroes who died in the defense of (Greek) Democracy. It opens: Our form of government... In some ways it can be compared to the Gettysburg Address of Lincoln. It was performed by Pericles, NOT a memorial address for him, posthumously, yo…ur question seems ambivalent. Pericles was the Governor of Athens so ceremonial speech-writing fell to his hand. ( Full Answer )
the Spartans and the atheianians have always hated each other because of the cultral diferences
It was argued in my history class the Oration, which was evidentally standardized for all war memorial observances, bears some resemblance to the famous Gettysburg Address of Abraham Lincoln. Both have Political overtones. Both are related to War losses. If I recall correctly the Periclean eulogy st…arts out ( Our Form of Government...) He started out swinging politics! Half Way Up ( pun intended)./ ( Full Answer )
Peleponnesian War was a 27 year war ending with Sparta victor over Athens. War broke out when Athens sought to expand and allied with Corcyra that was a colony of Corinth. Sparta and Corinth were already allies and Sparta saw this as a military aggression. Athens at the time was lead by Pericles who… refused to withdraw. Tension was high and war finally broke out when Thebes, ally of Sparta, attacked Plataea which sided with Athens. ( Full Answer )
He told them that Athens and its empire was stronger than the Peloponnesian League. While Athens had plenty of money from its empire, the Peloponnesians had no such east money to finance a war; the Athenian navy was stronger - the Peloponnesians were farmers, not sailors; that Athens' fortificati…ons were impregnable to land attack; and Athens' fleet was capable of invading the Peloponnesian cities while the home city was safe. With this balance of power in Athens' favour, he told them to reject the Spartan ultimatum to lift the Athenian sanctions on Megara and accept war. Neither side foresaw more than a dispute to be resolved by a battle or two, not the devastating 27-year war which ensued. ( Full Answer )
The Peloponnesian War was between Athens and Sparta. It was after the great Persian war, when Athens and Sparta worked together to defeat Persia. The Peloponnesian War was started because Sparta feared Athens may dominate them one day. There was a big battle between them, lasting for many years, but… in the end, Sparta won. ( Full Answer )
After Athens lost the Peloponessean War, it looked for scapegoats, and, as a consequence, prosecuted and executed Socrates.
Both had formed rival leagues. Athens' was aggressive, Sparta's was set up as a defensive measure against this. After several limited and localised clashes, Athens tried to ruin Megara, a city in Sparta's Peloponnesian League, refused to back off and general war ensued between the two blocs.
Sparta won some, lost some. Athens won some, lost some. As a generalisation, Sparta was better on land, Athens on sea, though both had their successes in the other environment. By the end of the Peloponnesian War, both cities' military power was on the wane, after the losses of the previous… century wore down their manpower and resources, and they both slipped into military obscurity, replaced by other cities and coalitions, and then by Macedonia and then Rome as each expanded their empires. ( Full Answer )
Athens had turned the Greek anti-Persian League it led into an empire after peace was made with Persia. Buoyed up by its dominant fleet financed by the empire, and its impregnable walls, it interfered in the affairs of cities of the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. This came to a head when it …set out to financially cripple its neighbour, Megara, a member of the League. Athens refused to back down and war ensued. ( Full Answer )
After the first year of the 27-year Peloponnesian War he addressedthe people at the funeral of the casualties of that year, making ita rallying call and encouragement to persist. Pericles later diedfrom the plague which swept Athens and so was not there to lead theeffort he called for in the oration…. ( Full Answer )
That they could win the war with the Peloponnesian League which hehad precipitated, and that the widows of the war dead should stopmourning, and he undertook the state would help with the raising ofthe children of the war dead.
He persuaded them to stay inside the city walls rather than riskdefeat by the stronger Peloponnesian forces in the open in anattempt to stop their fields being ravaged. The long walls, whoseconstruction he had supervised over the previous two decades, alsoprovided protected access to the sea, and so… food could be importedfrom the Athenian empire during a siege, and the Athenian fleet inits ports could strike at the home cities of the besiegers in theabsence of their armies. ( Full Answer )
It is the written record of a morale-boosting address he gave asencouragement to the people of Athens at the end of the first yearof what was obviously going to go on for a long costly time. The funeral was for the war dead of that first year, and he didn'twant the people to have any ideas of makin…g peace, as he hadinvested his reputation on wining the war, and a peace would exposehim to his internal enemies who had serious thoughts about the wayhe had propelled them into the war and of his motives for doing so. ( Full Answer )
We call it today the Peloponnesian War. It was a 27-year warbetween the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League led bySparta.
Athens turned the Delian League which it led against the PersianEmpire into an empire of its own, and became overconfident of itspower, After several actions, Athens tried to ruin Megara, acity-state member of the Spartan-led Peloponnesian League. Megaraappealed to Sparta, Sparta demanded the Athens… back off,overconfident Athens refused and war ensued. ( Full Answer )
He purloined the war funds paid by the Delian League city-statesand spent part of them on the beautification.
There was not rivalry. Sparta, although militarily powerful, wasusually reluctant to go to war. Athens, overconfident with thepower it gained from its empire, was aggressive and interfered inthe affairs of other cities. Sparta appealed to Sparta to back offwhen it tried to bankrupt Megara, a member …of the PeloponnesianLeague, A rampant Athens persisted and war ensued. ( Full Answer )
Athens started in a strong position, with walls to the port toensure import of food under siege. It could also send out itssuperior fleet to harass opponents in their hoe cities. However aseries of disasters hit Athens - plague, loss of its force initsSyracusian adventure etc, so its military streng…th was muchreduces. Then Persia gave the Spartan coalition money to build afleet to match the Athenian one, and Athens lost its sea dominance,and was starved into submission. It was stripped of the empire ithad created from the anti-Persian Delian League, and became asecond-rate power. ( Full Answer )
They continued their longstanding friendly and supportiverelationship. Then Athens sent a contingent to help Sparta put downan uprising by its serf population, however the Athenians startedto sympathise with the serfs and Sparta sent them home. Relationscollapsed and they became hostile to each othe…r. ( Full Answer )