Who invented the flag of the United states of America?
Wikipedia: Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey, a naval flag
designer, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, designed
the 1777 flag. while he was the Chairman of the Continental Navy
Board's Middle Department, sometime between his appointment to that
position in November 1776 and the time that the flag resolution was
adopted in June 1777.
The Navy Board was under the Continental Marine Committee. Not only
did Hopkinson claim that he designed the U.S. flag, but he also
claimed that he designed a flag for the U.S. Navy. Hopkinson was
the only person to have made such a claim during his own lifetime,
when he sent a letter and several bills to Congress for his work.
These claims are documented in the Journals of the Continental
Congress and George Hasting's biography of Hopkinson.
We do not know who designed the first American flag.
There have been many historians who have researched this
question, and none has been able to come up with a definitive
answer. The idea that Betsy Ross designed the flag seems to have
appeared for the first time at about the time of the Centenary
Celebrations, in 1876, a hundred years after the flag first
There are many people who have been suggested as the first
designer, but there is no hard historical evidence to support any
of them. The first description of the design came from the Maritime
Committee of the Second Continental Congress, in 1777, but this
seems to have been a formal adoption of an already extant design
from an unknown source.
- On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress, on a motion from
John Adams, adopted the stars and stripes as the national flag.
History leaves its students with very few clues as to who designed
and created the original flag, but it has been long attributed to
the Philadelphia seamstress and upholsterer. So widely accepted is
the story of this legendary flagmaker, the United States government
issued a commemorative postage stamp in 1952 in celebration of the
two hundredth anniversary of her birth.
- Betsy Ross did NOT make the first flag of the United States of
- Mary Pickersgill made the large flag that flew over Fort
McHenry in Baltimore Harbor during the War of 1812. This 15-star,
15-stripe flag is the one that Francis Scott Key saw on the morning
of September 14, 1814 after an all night British bombardment. He
penned the poem "In Defense of Fort McHenry" which later became our
National Anthem. This "Star Spangled Banner" is on display in the
Smithsonian institution Museum in Washington, DC. - the original
flag from the Battle of Baltimore in the War of 1812.
- A technicality: Our flag is NOT the "American flag"... it is
the flag of the United States of America. All of the countries in
North America, Central America, and South America have their own
national flags. They too would be "American flags."