Who was Oliver Cromwell?
Oliver Cromwell (1599 - 1658) was an English soldier and
statesman who helped make England a republic and then ruled as lord
protector from 1653 to 1658. He executed King James I.
His son Richard was named as his successor and was lord
protector of England for 8 months. However, he was not a
charismatic leader like his father and he could not reconcile the
various political, military and religious factions of his day and
soon lost the support of the army on which his power depended.
Parliament therefore asked King James' son to return to England
as the monarch.