Who was Toussaint L'Ouverture?
Toussaint L'Ouverture [or Louverture], (1743-1803) was an early and important leader of the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804), which cast off French domination of the colony of Saint-Dominique (Haiti). He also extended the revolt to the part of the island then under Spanish rule - now the Dominican Republic.
The slaves in Haiti succeeded in gaining independence from France. But Toussaint L'Ouverture was captured by the French and died while under interrogation in prison in France.
He was the first black general in a European army (French) and is arguably the most influential black person of all time leading this most successful slave rebellion in history.