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Who was the father of Mary the mother of Jesus?

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2011-09-01 00:34:53

Catholic tradition and apochrypha tells us that Joachim was the

father of Mary.

"Answer" id="Answer">Answer

The gospels tell us nothing about Mary's parents, and there is no

contemporary material outside the Bible, about Mary, her life or

her family. We can not say who her parents or grandparents were.

Luke 3:23 says that Joseph was the son of Heli, therefore Heli was

not the father of Mary.

The consensus of every major translation of Luke's Gospel is

that Luke's genealogy is unambiguously that of Joseph, not

Mary: Standard Version

Jesus himself was about 30 years old when he began his ministry.

He was (so it was thought) the son of Joseph, the son of

Heli,New American Standard Bible

When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years

of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of

Eli,GOD'S WORD® Translation

Jesus was about 30 years old when he began [his ministry].

Jesus, so people thought, was the son of Joseph, son of

Eli,King James Bible

And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age,

being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of

Heli,American King James Version

And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being

(as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of

Heli,American Standard Version

And Jesus himself, when he began to teach , was about thirty

years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son

of Heli,Bible in Basic English

And Jesus at this time was about thirty years old, being the son

(as it seemed) of Joseph, the son of Heli,Douay-Rheims

Bible

And Jesus himself was beginning about the age of thirty years;

being (as it was supposed) the son of Joseph, who was of

Heli, who was of Mathat,Darby Bible

Translation

And Jesus himself was beginning to be about thirty years old;

being as was supposed son of Joseph; of Eli,English

Revised Version

And Jesus himself, when he began to teach, was about thirty

years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son

of Heli,Webster's Bible Translation

And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being

(as was supposed) the son of Joseph, who was the son of

Heli,World English Bible

Jesus himself, when he began to teach, was about thirty years

old, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of

Heli,Young's Literal Translation

And Jesus himself was beginning to be about thirty years of age,

being, as was supposed, son of Joseph, the son of Eli,

"Answer" id="Answer">Answer

The answer to this question comes down to Jewish family

genealogies and their accuracy. In his "Daily Bible Illustrations"

Dr Kitto writes: The fact that the descent of Jesus from David

could be established by registers , and the presence of two such

minute pedigrees as those of Matthew and Luke, evince that the Jews

were, up to this time, still careful in the registration of family

descents....The rabbins [sic] assure us that [after the captivity]

they became still more careful in registering their

genealogies; with immediate reference, doubtless, to the

expectation of the Messiah; but with the ulterior object ...of

preserving means for establishing the exact fulfillment of the

predictions respecting his parentage. That such existed to even a

later date is shown by Josephus, who declares that he

traced his own descent in the tribe of Levi by public

registers; and he expressly informs us that, however

dispersed and dispossessed his nation were, they never failed to

have exact genealogical tables prepared from the authentic

documents which were kept at Jerusalem; and that in all their

sufferings they were particularly careful to preserve these

tables, which were renewed from time to time.

(From page 76 of "Daily Bible Illustrations - The Life and Death

of Our Lord " section "29th Week, Third Day" by Dr Kitto, exact

date unknown but possibly 1871.)

The Bible tells us David's wife Bathsheba had 4 sons, 2 of whom

were Nathan and Solomon:-

1Ch 3:5 ...[David's]wife Bathsheba, daughter of

Ammiel, bore him four sons: Shimea, Shobab, Nathan, and

Solomon.

Solomon became king, and among his descendants was Joseph, (the

husband of Mary the mother of Jesus, and Jesus' stepfather); his

genealogy is given in Matthew chapter 1:-

Mat 1:7 [Good News Bible] From David to the time when the

people of Israel were taken into exile in Babylon, the following

ancestors are listed: David, Solomon (his mother was

the woman who had been Uriah's wife [ie Bathsheba]), Rehoboam,

Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah,

Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, and Jehoiachin and his brothers.Mat

1:12 From the time after the exile in Babylon to the birth of

Jesus, the following ancestors are listed: Jehoiachin, Shealtiel,

Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Achim, Eliud, Eleazar,

Matthan, Jacob, and Joseph, who married Mary, the mother of

Jesus, who was called the Messiah.

However, his wife Mary traced her lineage back to Solomon's

brother Nathan:-

Luk 3:23-31 CEV When Jesus began to preach, he was about

thirty years old. Everyone thought he was the son of

Joseph. But his family went back through Heli, [v.

24] Matthat, Levi, Melchi, Jannai, Joseph, [v. 25] Mattathias,

Amos, Nahum, Esli, Naggai, [v. 26] Maath, Mattathias, Semein,

Josech, Joda; [v. 27] Joanan, Rhesa, Zerubbabel, Shealtiel, Neri,

[v. 28] Melchi, Addi, Cosam, Elmadam, Er, [v. 29] Joshua, Eliezer,

Jorim, Matthat, Levi; [v. 30] Simeon, Judah, Joseph, Jonam,

Eliakim, [v. 31] Melea, Menna, Mattatha, Nathan,

David,

Regarding these genealogies in Matthew and Luke, Dr William

Smith says in 'Smith's Bible Dictionary' (1884) in the article

'Genealogy of Jesus Christ', that:-"1. They are both the

genealogies of Joseph, that is, of Jesus Christas the

reputed and legal son of Joseph and Mary. 2. The genealogy of St.

Matthew is Joseph's genealogy as legal successor

to the throne of David. St. Luke's is Joseph's private

Genealogy, exhibiting his real birth as David's son, and

thus, showing why he was heir to Solomon's crown. The simple

principle that one evangelist exhibits that genealogy which

contained the successive heir to David's and Solomon's throne,

while the other exhibits the paternal stem of him who was the heir,

explains all the anomalies of the two pedigrees, their agreements

as well as their discrepancies, and the circumstance of there being

two at all. 3. Mary, the mother of Jesus, was in all

probability the daughter of Jacob, and first cousin to Joseph,

her husband. ... (Godet, Lange and many others take the ground

that St. Luke gives the genealogy of Mary, rendering Luk_3:23thus:

Jesus"being (as was suppposed), the son of Joseph, (but, in

reality), the son of Heli." In this case, Mary, as declared in the

Targums, was the daughter of Heli, and Heli was the

grandfather of Jesus. Mary's name was omitted because

"ancient sentiment did not comport with the mention of the mother

as the genealogical link." So we often find in the Old Testament,

the grandson called the son. This ... shows that Jesuswas

not merely the legal but the actual descendant of David; and it

would be very strange that in the gospel accounts, where so much is

made of Jesusbeing the son and heir of David and of his

kingdom [that] his real descent from David should not be given.

).

In his "Daily Bible Illustrations" Dr Kitto says:-"...

But the two genealoogies are materially different. They coincide

until David, when Matthew takes the ruling line [ie of Solomon];

whereas Luke takes the ...line by David's son

Nathan....Matthew makesJoseph the son of

Jacob,whereas Luke represents him as Heli, or

Eli. He could not naturally have been the son of

both these persons [thus] Jacob and Heli are

different names for the same person. They are obviously two

different genealogies from the common ancestor David.....[T]he

genealogy in Matthew is that of Joseph, and the one in Luke that

of Mary - the former being the legal, and the

latter the real genealogy of

Jesus.....

Furthermore, Mary is always called by the Jews 'the daughter

of Heli' and by the early Christian writers 'the daughter of

Joakim and Anna'. Now, Joakim and Eliakim (as

different names in Hebrew for God) are sometimes

interchanged; so that Heli or Eli is an

abridged form ofEliakim interchanged for Joakim."

(From page 77 of "Daily Bible Illustrations - The Life and

Death of Our Lord " section "29th Week, Third Day" by Dr Kitto,

exact date unknown but possibly 1871.)

The Bible says in Luke 3:23 that Mary's father was Heli, and

he was the "father of Mary and father-in-law of Joseph in the line

Jesus Christ's royal ancestry " (From

http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/heli.html Dictionary

entry 'Heli')

It is known from other sources that her father was also

called Joachim, and her mother was Anna:-Little is known of

Mary's personal history from the New Testament. Her parents are not

named in the canonical texts, but in apocryphal sources,

widely accepted by later tradition, were

Joachim and Anne. She was a relative of Elizabeth,

wife of the priest Zechariah of the priestly division of Abijah,

who herself was of the lineage of Aaron and so of the

tribe of Levi. In spite of this, some speculate that Mary, like

Joseph, to whom she was betrothed, was of the House of David and so

of the tribe of Judah, and that the genealogy presented in Luke

was hers, while Joseph's is given in Matthew.

(From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virgin_Mary Article'Mary

(mother of Jesus)', )

Saint Joachim ... was the husband of Saint Anne

and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus, and therefore

is ascribed the title of "forebearer of God", in the Roman

Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions. The

canonical Gospel accounts in the New Testament do not explicitly

name either of Mary's parents, but some argue that the genealogy in

Luke 3 is that of Mary rather than Joseph, thereby naming her

father as Eli. ... The story of Sts Joachim and Anne appears in the

apocryphal Gospel of James.

To summarize, the Bible tells us Mary's father was

Heli (aka Eli, Eliakim, or Joakim, Joachim)

and both an apocryphal gospel and Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and

Anglican church tradition tell us her father was Joachim and

mother was Anne.


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