There were no similarities. In Athens there was Democracy while
in Sparta the was Oligarchy. In Athens women didn't have any
priviledges, while in Sparta women were allowed to do almost
anything men did.
Neither. Sparta was an oligarchy where nobles of a certain rank
had direct power of the citizens and non-citizens (helots) in
Sparta. Citizens who were not from these noble families and
non-citizens had no power to promote their views.
You are likely thinking of Athens which was a direct
Athens had slaves - about 70,000 of its total population of
Sparta had serfs - people bound to their land who rendered half
their produce to Sparta, which was used to support the Spartan
Both Athens and Sparta provided similar freedoms for their
citizens (adult males). In Athens, females had little freedom, and
slaves none. In Sparta, women had similar freedom to the males, and
serfs had limited freedom, being bound to their land.
Athens had a large slave population perhaps about a third of its
total population. These were owned by the citizens and had no
Sparta had a large population of serfs (bound to the land) who
tilled their land and rendered half their produce to Sparta.
The difference between Athens and Sparta is:
SParta is a oligarchy.
Athens is a direct-democracy
One difference between the city-states of Athens in Sparta was that
Sparta was ruled by a king while Athens was overseen by a
democratically elected group.