Who were the Chinese Boxers?

The Chinese Boxers (also known as the Righteous Harmony Society or the Righteous Fists of Harmony) were a group of Chinese nationalists that opposed American and European influence in China. They also opposed the continued teaching of Christianity in China. They initiated the unsuccessful Boxer Rebellion of 1899-1901, in an attempt to throw out all vestiges of Westerner influence from China. A coalition force of the Japan, Russia, Great Britain, France, the United States, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy defeated the Boxers.