Who wrote the Star-Spangled Banner?

Francis Scott Key penned the words to our national anthem while watching the British naval attack on Baltimore's Fort McHenry in the War of 1812. Key turned them into a poem, "The Defense of Fort McHenry." which he published in 1814.

It was Key's brother-in-law, Judge Joseph H. Nicholson, who married the poem's words to the the tune of a popular English drinking song to produce "The Star Spangled Banner." The English drinking song was written in 1780 by John Stafford Smith.

Fittingly, it was the US Navy that was the first arm of the United States to adopt the song as its own, in 1869. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson began to use it for official government business, and in 1931 President Herbert Hoover signed into law the resolution by which "The Star Spangled Banner" became the national anthem of the United States.
francis Scott key
The Star Spangled Banner was written by Francis Scott Key. His inspiration came from a battle with the British in the War of 1812.
Francis Scott Key