Who wrote the Star-Spangled Banner?
Francis Scott Key penned the words to our national anthem
while watching the British naval attack on Baltimore's Fort McHenry
in the War of 1812. Key turned them into a poem, "The Defense of
Fort McHenry." which he published in 1814.
It was Key's brother-in-law, Judge Joseph H. Nicholson, who
married the poem's words to the the tune of a popular English
drinking song to produce "The Star Spangled Banner." The English
drinking song was written in 1780 by John Stafford Smith.
Fittingly, it was the US Navy that was the first arm of the
United States to adopt the song as its own, in 1869. In 1916,
President Woodrow Wilson began to use it for official government
business, and in 1931 President Herbert Hoover signed into law the
resolution by which "The Star Spangled Banner" became the national
anthem of the United States.
francis Scott key
The Star Spangled Banner was written by Francis Scott Key. His
inspiration came from a battle with the British in the War of
Francis Scott Key