History of the United States
Lyrics and Sheet Music

Who wrote the Star-Spangled Banner?

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2018-02-13 00:00:16

Francis Scott Key penned the words to our national anthem

while watching the British naval attack on Baltimore's Fort McHenry

in the War of 1812. Key turned them into a poem, "The Defense of

Fort McHenry." which he published in 1814.

It was Key's brother-in-law, Judge Joseph H. Nicholson, who

married the poem's words to the the tune of a popular English

drinking song to produce "The Star Spangled Banner." The English

drinking song was written in 1780 by John Stafford Smith.

Fittingly, it was the US Navy that was the first arm of the

United States to adopt the song as its own, in 1869. In 1916,

President Woodrow Wilson began to use it for official government

business, and in 1931 President Herbert Hoover signed into law the

resolution by which "The Star Spangled Banner" became the national

anthem of the United States.

francis Scott key

The Star Spangled Banner was written by Francis Scott Key. His

inspiration came from a battle with the British in the War of


Francis Scott Key

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