Why are the alpine countries called the alpine countries?
alpine means of or relating to the Alps. So the Alpine countries are called Alpine countries because the mountains in those countries are Alpine mountains.
The Alpine States or Alpine Countries are the countries that have some part of the Alps in their country. These are Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia and Switzerland. It is interesting to point out that 75% of the Alps are within Austria, Italy and France alone, even though 65% of Switzerland is dominated by the mountain range.