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Old Testament

Why did Israel become divided?

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September 17, 2017 6:11AM

Answer

This happened over the issue of taxes. See 1 Kings 12. This is the story of how Israel became divided.

After Solomon's death, the people approached his son Rehav'am (Rehoboam) and asked that he now lower the tax. He ignored the counsel of his elder advisers and refused the people's request. This led the Ten Tribes to turn away from him (1 Kings ch.12).

Christian Answer

Actually in Hosea we discover that the "house" of Israel God divorced and their identity was absorbed into the kingdom of Judah described as the "children" of Israel (Hosea 1:4-11) in which Christ is the head.

If you are referring to ancient times; King Solomon became idolatrous and cruel in his old age. After his death the Israelites asked his successor, Rehoboam, to be easier on them. Rehoboam took bad advice and refused,, so the majority of the tribes ceded from his rulership and came under the rulership of his rival Jeroboam. Then Israel was split into the nation of Judah , in the south, and the nation of Israel , in the north.

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May 26, 2015 7:35PM

Rehoboam's father, King Solomon, had levied relatively heavy taxes, which had been used for such large-scale endeavors as building the First Temple. The fact that the nation was so prosperous and happy in his time (1 Kings 4:20) demonstrates that Solomon conducted his governance in a praiseworthy manner.


After Solomon's death, the people approached his son Rehav'am (Rehoboam) and asked that he now lower the tax. He ignored the counsel of his elder advisers and refused the people's request. This led the Ten Tribes to turn away from him (1 Kings ch.12).

The background reason was because King Solomon had been less than perfectly righteous. This led God to punish him by diminishing his dynasty in the lifetime of his son (Rehoboam). 1 Kings ch.11.

A deeper reason is that God wanted the more righteous people of Judah to be influenced by the Ten Tribes as little as possible.

See also the Related Links.

Link: Solomon's errors

Link: List of kings

Link: Jewish history timeline