Barley came from Europe with the earliest European settlers who were uncertain about what cereal grains would be native in the new world and what grains might be grown. They did know that while almost any grain could be used in the production of bread and beer but that barley malt was superior to wheat, rice and emmer. To operate a colony with any chance of success beer would be required. For that reason seed barley was among the items packaged for the venture. It was surely a part of the ship's essential stores that arrived at every early settlement not as iron rations but planned as a potential crop. To create a viable colony vintners, brewers and distillers were all a part of the trades that were included as essential.