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  • History of the United States
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Why did slavery end in the US?

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βˆ™ 2016-11-19 09:25:55

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Because the North won - having issued the Emacipation Proclamation (chiefly to keep out the British, rather than for pure Abolitionist sentiment), resulting in the liberation of many slaves by the Union armies. It turned out to be a wartime measure that could not have been rescinded afterwards.
The common misconception is that it ended (in the US) when Abraham Lincoln Signed and approved the emancipation Proclamation.

This is, however, wrong. The Emancipation Proclamation only officially ended slavery for slaves in "rebellious" states... i.e. just those that denied that the government of which Lincoln was president had any power over them.

It did have one immediate effect: the Union Army stopped treating captured slaves as "contraband enemy property" and began immediately freeing them. However, slavery didn't officially end in the US as a whole until December 6, 1865, when Georgia ratified the 13th Amendment pushing it over the requirement of ratification by at least 3/4 of the states and making it a part of the US Constitution.

It also might be noted that while the 13th amendment freed slaves in general, it expressly permits involuntary servitude as punishment for crimes. Slavery in that sense is technically still constitutional under US law, though it's since been abolished by all states individually with the last being Alabama in 1927.

It is still endemic in many parts of the world.

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βˆ™ 2016-11-19 09:25:55
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