Why did some Navajo volunteers have difficulty in gaining admission to the USMC?
Many had grown up in the relative isolation of reservation life and lacked an adequate command of the English language. They had to take remedial language courses before enlistment.
The problem was that while they met every other standard for admission, many were not fluent in the English language. They had grown up in the isolation of the reservation and had little exposure to formal education. Most were required to take remedial classes in English before they could become code talkers.
They were called "wind talkers" or simply code talkers. They took advantage of the fact that Navajo was a spoken language that practically no one outside the tribe was fluent in. Messages sent in Navajo or other language codes presented another level of difficulty to anyone trying to break the code.
The Navajo speak their own language, which called Navajo in English, Dine' bizaad in Navajo. Most also speak English. About 3% of the population of 300,000 speak only Navajo. About 1/3 don't speak any Navajo. The rest are bilingual, some very fluently , some not as good in one or the other language. Navajo is in the Southern Athabascan language family, part of Athabasacan and the theorized larger Na-Dene' family. It may be related to…