Spanish Armada

Why did the Spanish launch the armada against England in 1588?

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2011-07-15 10:27:55
2011-07-15 10:27:55

The Armada setting sail was a result of failed diplomatic relations with England which had been steadily falling apart for decades. When you look at what was going on in Europe at the time it becomes clear why King Philip was forced to attack England. Philip was embroiled in a civil war in the Netherlands (which Spain ruled at this time) Elizabeth felt that if the rebels fell then Spain would have the ports such as Antwerp and the huge army might cross over to England. Elizabeth began helping the rebels and harassing Spanish shipping in the channel and the high seas. This constant meddling by Elizabeth was weakening Philips position militarily and finacialy, he had to try and put an end to it. Resulting in the Armada.

It is a common belief that the Armada was launched due to Elizabeth executing Mary Queen of Scots at a similar time, this is not the case due to the fact that Philip had no connections with Mary. Mary was connected to France (the enemy of Spain.) Early in Elizabeth's reign he even called Mary a 'French puppet.' Why would he assemble one of the largest fleets in history to avenge the death of someone who was of no significance to him? It was mere coincidence that the two events occurred so close to one another.

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