Why does the temperature within the leaf litter not change very much during the day?
Leaf litter is a natural mulch. Mulch insulates against temperature extremes.
these are used in control circuits , where a temperature - sensing application, is required to detect changes in temperature ; the resulting change of resistance value in the resistor itself will reflect the temperature change . thus a small change in temperature can be detected . an application is within sensetive instrument systems which require a sensetive temperature detection - method .
From what i know, heat energy that gets transferred to the object is used to break intermolecular bonds within the object, and while these bonds are breaking, no increase in temperature can be recorded. Which is why we all know that water boils at 100oc, and doesn't change temperature during this process.
When a substance is heated, its particles begin moving and become active thus maintaining a greater average separation. Materials which contract with increasing temperature are rare; this effect is limited in size, and only occurs within limited temperature ranges. The degree of expansion divided by the change in temperature is called the material's coefficient of thermal expansion and generally varies with temperature.
The measure of the average random motion energy of particles within an object or body is known as temperature. Keep in mind that temperature is generally proportional to the amount of heat (thermal energy) that an object is losing or receiving (except during a phase change, e.g. from liquid to gas) but its no the same thing.
The temperature in a Mercury-based thermometer is read by the level of Mercury found in the thermometer. As Mercury heats up, it expands, therefore raising the level of the Mercury of which we see as a higher temperature. On the other end, as the temperature falls, the Mercury contracts and reads at a lower temperature.
By definition an adiabatic process is one where no heat enters or leaves the system. Heat can move within the system but none is provided from outside. Perhaps the intent of the question is to ask where the energy comes from to cause a change in temperature within a system during an adiabatic process. If so, please reword your question and ask it again.