Why is Guatemala city the capital of Guatemala?
The original capital city of Guatemala was Antigua. It was also
called Guatemala, but in the early 1800s there were several
earthquakes that caused the nearby volcano Agua to erupt. Only
instead of erupting with lava it erupted a huge pocket of water
flooding the entire city. Several natural disasters such as this
caused the people to move the capital to a safer location in 1821.
The old capital was renamed Antigua Guatemala (now called Antigua
for short) and the new capital got the name Guatemala City.