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Answered 2011-10-21 01:12:02
A:It is traditionally held that the New Testament gospels were written by the apostles Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, and so must have been written within the lifetimes of those contemporaries of Jesus, although John is sometimes endowed by tradition with an extraordinarily long lifespan.

By the end of the second century, the Church Fathers had realised that there was a literary dependency among the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke) such that two of them must have been copied from the third. They decided that Matthew's Gospel was the first one, and that Mark and Luke were copied from it. This evaluation on the part of the Church Fathers has resulted in the continued belief, widespread among conservative Christians and many theologians, that Matthew's Gospel was the first to be written.

While biblical scholars agree that there was a literary dependency, they now realise that Mark's Gospel was the first of the New Testament gospels and that Matthew and Lukewere copied from it. John's Gospel is believed to have been inspired by Luke's Gospel, with some material taken direct from Mark. This dependency process alone demonstrates that Mark's Gospel was written before the other New Testament gospels.

Biblical scholars say that the gospels were originally anonymous and were only attributed to the apostles whose names they now bear later in the second century. Scholars say that we do not know who really wrote the gospels, but they do tell us that they were written decades later than traditionally assumed. There is clear evidence in Mark's Gospel that it was written approximately 70 CE. In Mark 13:2 Jesus was said to prophesy the destruction of the Temple, an event that occurred in 70 CE. According to Mark, Jesus went on to predict the end of the world within the lifetime of his followers. If Jesus had really prophesied the destruction of the Temple, he would have been correct, but he would have been in error about the imminent end of times. Since it can not be accepted that Jesus made predictions that were capable of being in error, these prophecies must have originated with Mark, writing at a time when he would have known of the destruction or imminent destruction of the temple and when it really seemed as if the world was coming to an end. An apparent reference to the Book of Daniel indicates that it could not have been written later than the early 70s.

Biblical scholars have demonstrated that Matthew and Luke were based on Mark's Gospel with, for example, Matthew having some 600 of the 666 verses in Mark, often using the same words in the original Greek language. Luke's Gospel does not incorporate any material from Mark 6:47 to Mark 8:27a, a total of 74.5 verses that were probably on exactly 13 pages of Greek text missing from the copy of Mark's Gospel relied on by the author of Luke. This 'Missing Block' results in the curious conjunction found in Luke 9:18 "And it came to pass as he was alone praying, his disciples were with him: and he asked them ..." These clauses are more meaningful when found in Mark at the start and end of the Missing Block. This unambiguous evidence of copying establishes the sequence of authorship.

Other evidence, although of secondary importance, supports the conclusion that Mark was the first New Testament gospel. It is interesting of the early Christian writings that an anti-Jewish sentiment developed over the course of the decades. In his epistles, Paul says that he is proud of his Jewish heritage; Mark begins to show some antipathy to the Jews, or at least to their religious leaders; this is more pronounced in Matthew, and more so again in Luke. John's Gospel shows a strong dislike for the Jews. This helps establish the order in which the remaining gospels were written: Matthew, then Luke, then John.

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Who authored the first catholic gospel?

The first gospel was written by Mark around 70AD. It is the shortest gospel

What are the first three gosples called?

The first three gospels are: The Gospel of Matthew The Gospel of Mark The Gospel of Luke

What is the first gospel found in the bible?

According to the bible the first gospel found i it is the Gospel of Matthew, it has a total of 28 chapters in it, this gospel is followed by the gospel of Mark.

Who wrote the first gospel in the Bible?

It is Mark.Matthewmost shcolastic agree that Mark wrote the gospel before the others but the gospel by Matthew was put first in the new testament.

What is the first Gospel you find in the Bible?

Matthew is the first gospel. Then comes Mark, Luke, and John.

Who is credited with writing the first gospel?

It is generally accepted that the Gospel According to St Mark was the first gospel to be written. It was originally an anonymous document, but during the second century the Church Fathers attributed this gospel to St Mark.

Which is the first gospel of the New Testament?

This question has two answers. The gospels are traditionally placed in the order: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, so the first is Matthew. However, there is very strong evidence that Mark was the first gospel to be written, and that Matthew and Luke used Mark as their primary sources, so Mark was the first gospel written.

Where is the gospel taken from what section of the Bible?

The gospels are the first four books of the New Testament: The Gospel of Matthew, The Gospel of Mark, the Gospel of Luke and the Gospel of John.

Which is the shortest of the four the Gospels?

The Gospel of Mark is the shortest. It is often considered the first Gospel to be written.

Why is Mark supreme important gospel than other gospel?

it appears to have been the first written

What book did he first get Mark Twain get recognized for?

Roughing it.

What Gospel did Mark write?

He wrote the second, the Gospel of Mark.

Who wrote the first 4 books in the new testament?

Matthew wrote the Gospel of Matthew. Mark wrote the gospel of Mark. Luke wrote the Gospel of Luke. John wrote the gospel of John. Luke also wrote Acts.

Is Luke's Gospel the first gospel?

A:No. Chronologically it is third, because Mark was written first, followed by Matthew and then Luke. In the order of Bible listing it is still third, because Matthew is listed first, then Mark and Luke.

Who was the first gospel writer?

A:The first gospel to be written is Mark's Gospel, so we should assume that the apostle Mark was the first gospel author. However, the gospels were originally anonymous and only attributed by the Church Fathers to the apostles whose names they now bear, later in the second century. Biblical scholars say there is no good reason to attribute Mark's Gospel to the apostle Mark. This means we do not really know who wrote the first gospel.

Who has the shortest gospel?

The shortest gospel is the gospel of Mark.

Which animal represents the Gospel of Mark?

In the gospel mark is represented by the lion..

The shortest and first account of the gospel was written by?

Mark is reported to have written the first of the Gospels.

Did mark write the name Christ in his gospel?

Yes, in the first verse is the first instance.

What are the books of gospel?

The Gospel Books are the first four books of the New Testament - Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

What gospel comes before Mark's Gospel in the Bible?

Mark's Gospel is believed to have been the first New Testament gospel to be written, but it is usually listed second in the New Testament. It follows Matthew's Gospel.

In the gospel of Mark what are the first few words uttered by Jesus?

Mark 1:15 - "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel." [NKJV]

What is the fist book in the New Testament?

The first book of the NT is the gospel of Matthew, although Mark wrote his gospel first (50 of the common era).

What are the 4 Gospels in Christian Bible?

They are the Gospel of Matthew,Gospel of Mark,Gospel of Luke,and the Gospel of John.

Who wrote the shortest gospel?

The gospel of Mark is the shortest gospel.AnswerThe first and shortest gospel in the New Testament is called Mark's Gospel, as it was attributed to the apostle Mark by Papias in the second century. Bibical scholars say there is no good reason to accept this attribution, so we do not know who really wrote this gospel.