Why solid sodium chloride does not conduct electricity but molten sodium chloride does?
solid sodium chloride is an ionic solid which has a crystal lattice and has all the electrons tightly packed so no electron free to move means no conduction of electricity while in molten form conduction is there because the crystal lattice is broken and electrons are free to move...
Solid sodium chloride does not conduct electricity but in molten state conduts electricity readily.Why?
Molten and Aqueous Sodium Chloride conduct electricity because the ions are free to move where as is a solid they have no free room. This is the same for magnesium chloride. In aluminum chloride and phosphorus chloride the solid doesn't conduct electricity because the ions aren't free to move. In liquid form they have converted into a covalent form, and so don't conduct either. All of the other chloride don't conduct electricity because they have…
Molten sodium chlorate can conduct electricity while solid sodium chlorate cannot conduct electricity.. This is because molten sodium chloride have freely moving ion. The sodium chloride will dissociate when it dissolve in water. Solid sodium chlorate do not have freely moving electron because all the electron is use in bonding..
Typical of other ionic salts, sodium chloride conducts electricity when it is molten and also when it is dissoved in water. However, solid salts do not conduct electricity. Substances conduct only when charged particles are free to move through the sustance. Molten (and dissolved) sodium chloride contains free ions which can move freely through the melt (or solution). Solid salts are held in a rigid lattice and the ions are unable to move.
Sodium chloride will not conduct electricity in solid state as the position of the ions are fixed and there are no ions to move around. However when dissolved in water or any polar solvent and also in the fused (molten) state, sodium chloride will conduct electricity. This concept is true for all inorganic solids.
Sodium chloride is different from a metal as an electrical conductor. This is because sodium chloride is an ionic compound and therefore can only conduct electricity when molten or dissolved, as the ions are free to move in this state. However, metals can conduct electricity when solid or molten because the atoms are free to move in both states, therefore they can carry an electrical charge. This is therefore the difference between sodium chloride and…
Yes, sodium chloride conducts electricity when dissolved in water. Because sodium chloride is an ionic compound, it dissociates into positively charged cations and negatively charged anions when dissolved in water. These ions are able to conduct electricity. Consequently, a solution of sodium chloride can conduct electricity.
First, you should keep in mind that for a substance to conduct electricity, it must have free-moving electric charges, such as ions and electrons. In the solid state, the ions in Sodium Chloride are fixed in position by strong ionic bonds. Therefore, it does not conduct electricity in the solid state. In solution or molten states, the ions are free moving, and thus they can conduct electricity.