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Answered 2012-12-07 12:00:36

Butane is a four carbon chain. Methyl Butane is a four carbon chain, with an extra carbon attached (Five carbons total). Keep in mind IUPAC rules state the molecule should be named by the longest carbon chain. In methyl butane, the second or third carbon (It doesn't matter which carbon it gets added to, since both structures are identical) have an extra CH3.

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