Why was the Book of Deuteronomy written?

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Answer Tradition says that Moses not only wrote Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus and Numbers, but the Book of Deuteronomy as well, which raises the question of why he would write another book containing much of the same historical narrative and laws and even use a different authorship style in doing so.

It appears that Deuteronomy was the book of law that 2 Kings 22:8 describes as 'found' by Hilkiah, the high priest, in the Temple, presumably to give the book the appearance of great antiquity. In case we feel that we should never doubt the religious authorities on these matters, this was not the only time that a scroll was first hidden, then found, so as to disguise its authorship. Jeremiah chapter 36 even tells how just a few years later, the scribes hid another scroll in the Temple, to be found and read to the king. The Book of Jeremiah demonstrates that the religious authorities were well aware of the practice.

There are good reasons for believing that Deuteronomy was written during the seventh century BCE and given to the people of Judah as part of the Deuteronomistic reforms being undertaken by King
Josiah.

Answer: The long-disproven Documentary Hypothesis of the 19th Century Liberal school of theology in Germany places the book in the reign of King Josiah and gives it a political motivation to undergird theologically Josiah's reforms. Like much of what the documentarians proposed this has been disproved by evidence some of which was even available in their time.

Scholars note the following evidence which not only places the book in the era in which it claims to be written but also explains without any mystery or 'conspiracy theory' the reason it was written:

1. The book itself includes around forty claims of Mosaic authorship. If an unknown author deliberately lied (which is precisely what is claimed) as a ruse to help Josiah then the book itself as a fraud immediately has lost any credibility as a support for Josiah.

2. Details of both history and geography show a first-hand knowledge which belongs to the era when it claims to be written and not that of Josiah.

3. Nowhere else in the Old Testament is anyone other than Moses claimed as the author (not even an anonymous author) see Joshua 1:7, Judges 3:4, 1 Kings 2:3, Ezra 3:2, Psalm 103:7, Malachi 4:4.

4. Jesus himself attributed Deteronomy to Moses. see Matthew 19:7-9 and John 5 :45-47.

5. Deuteronomy followed a legal 'treaty formula' which belonged in the era of the 15th and 14th century BC and was not used at any other time, such as that of Josiah.

Having the right historical setting makes it clear what the purpose of the book was. Historically, the first generation to leave Egypt and receive the Torah had died during the 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. It was thus necessary to give a "second Law" (the literal meaning of the word Deuteronomy in Latin). Moses also frequently stressed the need for obedience to the Law in contrast to the disobedience which was the singular downfall of the previous generation. Also, Deuteronomy is thus much more like an exhortation or a sermon than a simple book of Law. Although of necessity it contains much legal detail, the emphasis on the whole of Israel, rather than the priests is understood by scholars to explain the difference in language.
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Who wrote Deuteronomy?

Answer: According to the Documentary Hypothesis he was an anonymous writerwho around 621 BC supposedly wrote Deuteronomy. We know very littleabout him (or her). What we do know is that, even though he claimed40 times in Deuteronomy that Moses wrote Deuteronomy to give itcredibility, he actually was ( Full Answer )

What was the period of time covered by the book of Deuteronomy?

Answer . I dont know the exact time period but i hope this will help;-The book itself testifies that for the most part Moses wrote it and then of course Moses died (chapter 34) so someone had to finish the last part of Deuteronomy. So my guess would be, that around the time Moses and the israeli ( Full Answer )

What is the history of Deuteronomy?

The Book of Deuteronomy is believed to be the Book of Law that was said to have been found in the Temple during the reign of King Josiah - around 622 BCE. Many scholars believe that the book was actually written at this time, but placed in the Temple, to be found, so as to lend antiquity to it. In f ( Full Answer )

What is Deuteronomy?

A: Deuteronomy is the Christian name for the fifth book of thePentateuch. It is derived from two Greek words, deuteros ('second') and nomos ('law') - the book is thought of as a'second giving of the Law'. The Hebrew name of this book is Devarim('sayings' or 'words'). Tradition says that Moses no ( Full Answer )

Where was Deuteronomy written?

Tradition says that the Book of Deuteronomy was written by Moses while he camped to the east of the River Jordan, shortly before his death. Because the book actually mentions his death, this tradition says that Joshua completed the book shortly afterwards. However, verse 34:10 ("And there arose not ( Full Answer )

When was the Book of Deuteronomy written?

Moses had been acknowledged as the author of Deuteronomy by allauthorities both Jewish and Christian until the 19th century. Thebook itself mentions Moses as the author at least 40 times and bothinternal and external evidence suggests nothing other than Mosaicauthorship. Liberal scholars in the 19th ( Full Answer )

Why Christians do not believe that Moses wrote the entire book of Deuteronomy?

Most Christians would hold that Moses wrote Deuteronomy, although the obvious difficulty about the account of Moses' death causes questions for some. What must be remembered is that in claiming substantial Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch, it does not necessarily mean that Moses wrote every singl ( Full Answer )

What is the significance of Deuteronomy?

Deuteronomy contains a restatement of the Torah, or Law, addressed to the 'new generation' who had arisen over the 40 years in the wilderness. The name itself comes from the two Greek words ' deutero ' (second) and ' nomos ' (Law). As such, the title means 'second Law'. Moses is essentially giving h ( Full Answer )

Why was Deuteronomy written?

Tradition says that Moses not only wrote Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus and Numbers, but the Book of Deuteronomy as well, which raises the question of why he would write another book containing much of the same historical narrative and laws and even use a different authorship style in doing so. It ap ( Full Answer )

What is the book of Deuteronomy about?

The book of Deuteronomy delineates God's laws regarding covenant renewal and religious framework to the Israelites believed to have been proclaimed to Moses on Mount Sinai. In addition to the laws, it also contains historical chapters detailing the Israelite's doings between their wandering in the d ( Full Answer )

What is the theme of deuteronomy?

The theme of Deuternomy is law. The meaning of this word is "second law". It repeats the laws covered in the second thru forth books of the Bible.

What is the main theme of the book of Deuteronomy?

The main theme of Deuteronomy is obedience as tought by Moses. He reminded the Israelites to learn from the example of their parents. The theme of Deuternomy is law. The meaning of this word is "second law". It repeats the laws covered in the second thru forth books of the Bible.

What is the definition of deuteronomy?

"Deuteronomy" is derived from two Greek words, "deuteros," which means "second," and "nomos," meaning "law." ("Second Law" doesn't mean something different from the Law of Moses, but a second giving of that law.). After the first generation of Israelites to flee Egypt died in the wilderness (Nu ( Full Answer )

Where was the Book of Deuteronomy written?

The answer to this question follows very closely upon the reasonfor its being written. The Documentary Hypothesis of the 19thCentury Liberal school of theology in Germany places the book inthe reign of King Josiah and gives it a political motivation toundergird theologically Josiah's reforms. Since ( Full Answer )

How many words are in Deuteronomy?

In the book of Deuteronomy in the Bible International Version there are twenty-six thousand four hundred ninety-four words (24,494). This book includes when the Israelites were still in the desert and in the Promise Land. Also, it is about when Moises does not enter the Canaan and goes to Mount Nebo ( Full Answer )

Is Deuteronomy in the dead sea scrolls?

Thirty-two Deuteronomy scrolls were discovered at Qumran-the text is second only to Psalms in its popularity. The biblical book of Deuteronomy contains Moses' farewell speech to the Israelites, chronicling their history and journey from Egypt to the Promised Land. The text includes teachings of the ( Full Answer )

What effect did finding the book of Deuteronomy have?

Answer Whether the book of Deuteronomy was found in the Temple, or only supposedly found there in order to add an impression of antiquity (as many scholars believe), the Bible says that King Josiah publicly expressed concern that Judah had been following the wrong path. This led to sweeping religio ( Full Answer )

When and by whom was the Book of Deuteronomy written?

Moses had been long acknowledged as the author of Deuteronomy byall authoriies both Jewish and Christian until the 19th century.The book itself mentions Moses as the author at least 40 times andboth internal and external evidence suggests nothing other thanMosaic authorship. The book was written ar ( Full Answer )

What is Deuteronomy about?

the hebrew, "Devarim" means "sayings" it basically a recap of the past 4 books Dueteronomy is the fifth book in the bible that talks about the Isrealites entering Canaan.

Is deuteronomy in The Bible?

Yes, it is the fifth book written by Moses in 1473 B.C.E. The book is mainly composed of a series of discourses that Moses delivered to the sons of Israel on the Plains of Moab opposite Jericho. The first of these concludes in chapter 4, the second runs to the end of chapter 26, the third continue ( Full Answer )

What is a summary of the book of Deuteronomy?

Matthew Henry says of Deuteronomy:. "...Book Synopsis: - This book repeats much of the history and of the laws contained in the three foregoing books: Moses delivered it to Israel a little before his death, both by word of mouth, that it might affect , and by writing, that it might abide . The m ( Full Answer )

How old is the book of Deuteronomy?

Edward F. Campbell Jr ( The Oxford History of the Biblical World , A Land Divided) says that virtually all scholars agree that the Book of Deuteronomy - or at least a good part of it (chapters 5-26 and 28 are often nominated) - was the scroll found in the Temple when Josiah was carrying out his refo ( Full Answer )

What are three major events in the book of Deuteronomy?

There are 34 events. Three that I can think of are: Moses disobeys God causing him to not get to go to the promised land. He's allowed to see it from a mountain but that's all. Joshua takes Moses place as leader. Moses dies

Where can you find in the book of Deuteronomy that Moses wrote it?

A: You will find nothing in the Book of Deuteronomy to show that Moses wrote it. Most biblical scholars now say that Deuteronomy was actually written by an anonymous author during the seventh-century-BCE reign of King Josiah of Judah.

Why was the Book of Deuteronomy written by Moses?

A: Although the majority of biblical scholars believe that the Book of Deuteronomy was written in the seventh century BCE by an anonymous source now known as the 'Deuteronomist', most people continue to believe that it was written by Moses. Apart from tradition, it is hard to define why Moses woul ( Full Answer )

Why is Deuteronomy the fifth book in the old testament?

The word means 'Second Law.' It is a recap of the writings in Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers for this new generation of Israelites. The Nation of Israel was ready to enter into the Promised Land after their long, 40 year sojourn in the desert. This was Moses' last chance to prepare the children fo ( Full Answer )

What were the circumstances of Deuteronomy?

Scripturally, the setting is that the Nation of Israel was at lastapproaching the entrance to Canaan. Moses was told he would nottake his people into the Promised Land for his disobedience instriking the stone 2 times instead of 1 time as commanded to getwater. He was deeply concerned that the peopl ( Full Answer )

What are the major themes of book of Deuteronomy?

Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the law, found in the Jewish and Christian bibles. It's name means Second Law, this is because it is a repeating by Moses to the children of Israel of the God's laws and decrees that were first given at Mt. Sinai. So some major themes of Deuteronomy are: Re ( Full Answer )

Who was the prophet that God would raise up among the brethren in the book of Deuteronomy?

Deuteronomy 18:18 , 19 - I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him. The ( Full Answer )

What did Josiah have destroyed when he found the book of Deuteronomy?

After Hilkiah brought the "book of the law" to King Josiah, and the prophetess, Huldah, explained its significance, he destroyed all the articles in the temple that were made for Baal and Asherah and all the starry host. However, our texts do not say that the "book of the law" was Deuteronomy. Th ( Full Answer )

What book is Deuteronomy in The Bible?

It's the book that seems like a repeat of the laws in Exodus. But it's really more than just a 'repeat'. Deut 1:5 says it is an 'explanation' of the laws given in the previous books. FYI: the word 'love' is in Deuteronomy more than 5 times as often than in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, combined. Oh, ( Full Answer )

How does Deuteronomy serve as a bridge between the Pentateuch and the historical books?

A: We only need to look at what biblical scholars regard as the history of the Pentateuch and the biblical Books of History to understand the position that the Book of Deuteronomy has in regard to both groups of books. We all know that the Book of Deuteronomy is one of the five books that form the ( Full Answer )

What are the contents of the book of the Deuteronomy?

I. Deuteronomy 1-4: First (historical) Discourse of Moses . Chapter. 1. Retrospect to the Wandering in the Wilderness (from Sinaï to Kadesh). Chapter. 2. Retrospect to the Wandering in the Wilderness (from Kadesh to the Victory over Sihon). Chapter. 3. Retrospect to the Events on the o ( Full Answer )

Was Deuteronomy written before Leviticus?

A: Yes. Deuteronomy was written, in more or less the form we know today, during the seventh-century-BCE reign of King Josiah. Leviticus was written by the Priestly Source in the sixth century BCE, during or shortly after the Babylonian Exile.

How many verses are in the book of Deuteronomy?

There are 959 verses in the book of Deuteronomy based on the English translation. Note that the original Bible did not have chapters or verse numbering so the original Hebrew bible would not be counted in terms of verses.

What is the quarrel between the book of Job and the Deuteronomy perspective?

It is dating: Deuteronomy was written by Moses and he died in 1446BC [Ussher], while Job is the oldest book of the Bible and was written before Deuteronomy. John MacArthur dates it between Babel [2240BC (Ussher) ] but before or contemporaneous with Abraham [no later than 1800BC (Ussher) ]

What does Deuteronomy mean?

This noun literally means "second law". It comes from the Ancient Greek, "deutero", meaning "second", and"nomos", meaning "law".

What year did Josiah find the Book of Deuteronomy and implement the Deuteronomistic Reforms?

A: Josiah began his reign in 649 BCE. In the eighteenth year, or about 631 BCE, he ordered renovations for the temple in Jerusalem, and it was shortly after that the Book of Deuteronomy, or perhaps an early version of it, was supposedly found in the temple. Scholars believe the priests placed it ( Full Answer )

What exactly is the Book of Deuteronomy?

The Book of Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Hebrew bible. The book contains three sermons that were delivered to the Israelites by Moses in the plains of Moab.

What does the book of Deuteronomy mean?

The name Deuteronomy is derived from the Greek words deuteros,which means "second", and nomos, which means "law". It is amistranslation of the Hebrew mishneh hattorah hazzoth, whichactually means "a copy of this law". Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Pentateuch/ Books of Moses/Torah/ Old Testam ( Full Answer )

How did the pharisees interpret the book of Deuteronomy?

As being the word of God through the mouth of Moses, as it statesexplicitly (Deuteronomy 1:3). If you want an answer concerningindividual verses, ask each one separately since a detaileddiscussion of the complete book would take a vast amount of space.

What did you agree with in the book of Deuteronomy?

This is a personal question for which each person will have theirown answer. For example, some will agree with the verses aboutblessings and cursings. Those people would make decisions based onthose verses for how they live their lives, what they eat, etc.

What did you disagree with in the book of Deuteronomy?

A: I disagree with the historicity of the book and its traditionalattribution to Moses, knowing that it was really written during theseventh century BCE by an anonymous author now known as theDeuteronomist, and subsequently redacted into the form we havetoday. I disagree with some of the harsh int ( Full Answer )