Why was the Pearl Harbor attack such a shock to the US?
In Pearl Harbor
It was a shock to the U.S. because we did not expect it. We thought we had an alliance with Japan but we were wrong. Japan was mad at us because we would not give them the supplies they needed. Pearl Harbor was our most filled marine base and a key target. There was no way for us to get help because everything was in the Harbor. The president at the time sent a telegram shortly after the attack ended saying that Japan was not a threat and they ended being wrong as well. We go betrayed by Japan and we becam wary of our allances.
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Where were the US aircraft carriers when the Pearl Harbor attack occured and why were they not at Pearl Harbor?
They were at sea. Mainly they were ferrying aircraft to a different base, I don't know which one. They also conducted assorted training exercises while they were out. It was just plain lucky that those aircraft were scheduled to be shipped at that time. If the carriers had been at Pearl we would hav…e been in a world of hurt. Michael Montagne. Answer . The 3 Aircraft Carriers that where suppossed to be in Pearl Harbour where all at sea carrying new planes to the American Bases on Midway and the west Coast of U.S.. I sincerly thing that if the 3 aircraft carriers scheduled to stay in Pearl Harbor they would have been sunk or damaged during the whole war, but that dont mean the United States would have lost the War, there where many other cariers in good condition, and dozens being pruduced silently in the ports.. The Saratoga was in port at San Diego, California, the Enterprise was 200 miles west of Pearl Harbor returning from Midway where it had delivered aircraft, and the Lexington was 460 miles east of Midway on its way there to deliver aircraft. ( Full Answer )
Answer No. MLM ANSWER: This depends on the level of preparedness. The US was anticipating a Japanese attack at the command level, however the Admiral of the Pacific Fleet at the time thought it was from sabotage so took different defensive postures. The US was well aware that the Japanese were bein…g forced into an attack, however the rank and file Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, were not informed. As Secretary of War Stimpson noted in his diary BEFORE the attack "The question was how we could maneuver them (the Japanese) into firing the first shot without too much danger to ourselves." The US policy had been to maneuver the Japanese into an engagement in the Pacific to trigger war. In 1940 a general call up of US reservists and National Guardsmen had taken place and the US was beginning mobilization posture within the industrial base by the time the 7th of December attack began. So at the leadership levels, the US was prepared for the attack, but the individual servicemen at Pearl Harbor were not. ( Full Answer )
Answer . \nBecause we had absolutely no reason to expect it.\nMichael Montagne. Answer . You might want to read up a little on the history or Pearl Harbor. There was every reason to expect an attack was coming. The night before when "magic" intercepted a 14 point message to their diplomat R…oosevelt declared "this means war". He predicted we would be at war before the next monday. Also before this, magic had intercepted and decoded many messages hinting at an attack at pear harbor. Look up the "bomb plot" information where spies were asked to divide the harbor into sections, label all ships when they were in port, when they berthed next to one another etc. There are many, many examples of hints of war. All you have to do is look it up. ( Full Answer )
Answer . Over two thousand Americans died that day in the attack on Pearl Harbor. Then America declared war and entered World War II. This had many, many effects on the US government and the American people.
Answer . America responded with war. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, America decided that it was time to enter the second world war. The U.S. declared war on Japan and it all led to the atomic bombs.
It was a surprise because the officers on watch did not "connect the dots" when they received information indicating that a flight of planes was coming their way.
The Japanese attack on the Pearl Harbor complex in 1941 served as a a galvanizing factor on the US. Suddenly, amid all the villains and heroes tossed about in the press of the day, Japan stood out clearly as the "Yellow Peril." The Japanese people were consistently and regularly vilified in the US p…ress, and public opinion followed. The attack on Pearl Harbor also served to alert all the defensive forces along the US west coast. For the remainder of the war, California, Oregon and Washington practiced blackout routines. ( Full Answer )
Kick butt We "sucked it up" and kicked some tail. The attitude of the nation was different than it is now. Now we have to be "politically correct" in everything we do. We don't want to hurt anybody's feeling....unless they are your fellow Americans'. We have too many politicians who are only out fo…r themselves and the heck with the United States. Answer Declared war on Japan. we basically got pissed and killed their stupid sorry selves But we also put all of the Chinese in our country in refuge camps ( Full Answer )
The US engaged Japanese forces all over the pacific, includingthe Philippines, Guam, Saipan, Guadalcanal, Midway, The Solomons,Gilbert Islands, Marshall Islands, Tarawa, Palau, Iwo Jima andOkinawa. A planned Invasion of the Japanese Home Islands wasdetermined to be too costly in terms of lives on bo…th sides. The USused Atomic Weapons in two total war targets, Hiroshima andNagasaki. Following the second Atomic bomb, the Imperial Governmentof Japan surrendered to the US aboard the USS Missouri. The war inthe Pacific lasted from Dec 1941 until Aug 15, 1945 . you guys can not let random people answers beacause they cangive unuseful info. ( Full Answer )
The plan was to knock out the US Pacific Fleet as a significant fighting force, so their would be no opposition to Japan's conquest of Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. They thought that once they had conquered all that territory that we would be unable to dislodge them from it even if we did …rebuild the fleet. The Economic Basis for the Attack Japan already faced a US oil embargo, part of an international movement to isolate Japan economically, and thus force them to withdraw from China. Primarily the US plan was to cut off credit to the Japanese which would prevent them from being able to purchase petroleum. Japan received petroleum (an absolutely vital economic and military commodity, then as it is now) from three sources: The US, the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) and Burma (controlled by the British in the 1940's). Japan would not accept a withdrawal from the Chinese war and instead began planning a first strike against the US Navy. Eliminating or reducing the American naval forces in the Pacific would make the Japanese navy paramount, and thus Japan would be able to ignore the economic consequences of the US ultimatum. After eliminating the US Navy, Japan planned to occupy the Dutch East Indies and Burma, thus gaining control of enough oil to run their military and economy. The strike on Pearl Harbor did exactly as was hoped by the Japanese. The US battleship fleet was crippled. The Dutch lacked forces to repel the Japanese. The British navy (as ordered by Churchill) sent forces to defend their areas but these were totally inadequate for the job, and were decimated quickly. Japan occupied all the oil-producing areas and settled down to a war of attrition against the US, which they hoped would wear down the US politically and enable them to keep their conquests. The flaw was that they did not find the US aircraft carriers, the counter to those of Japan, and that they left Pearl Harbor's repair and construction facilities only partly damaged. Soon the fleet was repaired, and the US aircraft carriers proved their worth, sinking three of the Japanese carriers at the Battle of Midway. Expectations of the Japanese for the Attack The Japanese were expecting their results of the attack cripple the U. S. Pacific Fleet for a period of up to eighteen months, preventing aggressive action against imperial forces, with the fleet to later be drawn out into a final battle and destroyed. The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the US Navy and Air force so they could proceed in conquering China. The Japanese believed that if they were successful in destroying US ships and aircraft, they would then have enough time to complete the conquest of China and the western Pacific islands. --- Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in a gamble to knock America out of a future war their military government knew was inevitable, given strong American disagreement to their actions of taking over East Asia (and the atrocities performed there such as the "Rape of Nanking"). Through the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japan did not hope to defeat America, only to gain enough time to dominate the Pacific, a strategic advantage America could not easily overcome. This failed, however, as the two aircraft carriers were on routine maneuvers, and so were not destroyed in the attack. This led to the eventual downfall of the Japanese Empire. There are many reasons as to why Japan attacked Pearl Harbor but there is only one major reason, which has to do with American intervention in Japanese affairs. One of these was where the U.S. prohibited exports of steel, scrap iron and fuel to Japan because of the takeover of northern Indochina. Another reason was when Japan took over the rest of Indochina and the US once again took action. This time they made oil unavailable to the Japanese, making both their air force and navy completely useless. Because of all of this invention by America, the Japanese military decided that they had to get rid of the Pacific fleet because the Americans would surely intervene and cause them more trouble. Once this was done they could start their war plan to take over Burma, Malaya, the East Indies, and the Philippines. --- It is also worth mentioning that both America and Japan had joined the war effort on rival sides prior to Pearl Harbor, though America had not of course declared war. Japan signed a mutual defensive pact with Germany and Italy in September 1940 and the Lend-Lease Act tied America to the Allies from March 1941. --- America had been declaring neutrality since World War I as that war was so devastating that citizens wanted to just stay out of world affairs. Yet America was still a superpower and a threat to the Axis powers (Japan, Germany, etc.) At the time, Japan was one of the largest naval powers if not the most powerful. About the only country that Japan had anything to worry about was America, who was still not involved officially in the war. America at this time was tettering on the edge of entering the war so Japan had the plan to attack first and destroy our naval fleet quickly. Hence the attack on Pearl Harbor. --- Japan is dependent on trade. Japan is an island and needs raw materials. The US used to trade oil and many other things Japan's economy needed. When the war started, the US closed it's trade with Asia. Japan was desperate. They need raw materials. Because the US threatened to cut of their supply of raw materials, Japan wanted to prevent the US from further interference. --- With the US taking sides in Europe but not yet officially in the war, Japan decided to attack the US before it was prepared. The US Navy posed a severe threat to the Japanese conquest of the western Pacific. The thinking at the time was that the Pacific War would culminate in a decisive battle between the Japanese and US Navies. Japanese leaders recognized the potential of the US war machine and decided to stage an attack on Pearl Harbor, with the goal of reducing the Pacific Fleet's capability to wage war and to delay or weaken any US offensive. Although the attack was a significant risk, the Japanese naval leaders such as Admiral Yamamoto believed the risks were necessary if Japan were to succeed in avoiding US intervention in Asia. Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor? The primary reason for Japan's attack (on the US, the British Empire & the Dutch) was the Japanese Army's obsession with their on-going brutal conquest of China . The United States had been taking diplomatic and economic steps against Japan for several years to convince (or force) the Japanese to end their war of conquest in Asia. The Japanese Army actually controlled the Japanese Government since the early 1930's. The Japanese Army refused to end its war of conquest & extreme brutality in China. Beyond China, the Japanese Army had plans to take advantage of the weakness of the British, French, Dutch & Soviet Union in Asia because of Hitler's conquests in Europe. The Japanese wanted to be free of American interference, and create a vast Asian empire that would have eventually included China, eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Korea, Formosa, Indo-China, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, & New Guinea; and possibly India. The Japanese military thought that the best way to keep the United States from interfering in their plans in Asia, was to deliver a surprise attack on various US bases throughout the Pacific to do as much damage to the US military capability in the Pacific. At Pearl Harbor, they intended to sink as many battleships, cruisers & aircraft carriers as possible. At Manila they intended to follow-up with an invasion and capture of the Philippines. At Wake Island they intended to seize the island. The Japanese also attacked the bases, ships & troops of the British Empire. All this was intended to persuade the United States & Britain to negotiate a settlement giving the Japanese most of the western Pacific territories, and most of Asia. They hoped that the US & Britain would not want to fight a prolonged & costly war in Asia to liberate what territory the Japanese could capture in the first six months of the war. They did it to secure control of East Asia before US could respond. to get to the other side ( Full Answer )
Answer . \nFor starters it allowed FDR to enter the war on the allied side officially instead of in the clandestine way he was already. The 7th of December 1941 attack at Pearl Harbor galvanized this country in a way nothing else would have. FDR was even before that infamous day trying to persua…de the rest of his country into participation on the allied side mainlly due to Churchill`s pleadings. They meet in August of `41 in Canada after a tense trip by Churchill across the Alantic. It was decided that FDR would provide Navy and civillian transports and escorts for British troops to pacific theatre. This ships were at sea when the attack happened. An other small thing could also be said though, with the destruction of most of the battleships there as well as the method it forced the navy to adopt a whole new style of seaborne warfare by them. If not for the attack and the way in which it was carried out we MAY have been just as isolated as Charles Lindburg and others wanted us to be until Nazi stormtroopers were marching down 5th Ave.while Japanese soldiers pulled a Nanking massacre only this time in L.A.!! ( Full Answer )
the only weapons used on the attack of pearl harbor were mounted on the Japanese zeros (the standard Japanese fighter plane during the war) which consited of 45mm machine guns, torpedos, and c4 explosives which were placed in the planes that were expected to kamakazi the harbor
Answer . The Japanese, who had allied themselves with Nazi Germany in the late 1930's, were on an aggressive, imperialist campaign to conquer territory in the far east and the Pacific Rim. Their war machine depended heavily on imported oil. President Roosevelt of the US, decided that it was ne…cessary to protest their imperialist, aggessive, and brutal tactics, and wrote an exeutive order prohibiting the sale of oil to Japan. That was taken as an act of aggression by Japan, who then plotted, planned, and executed the attack on Pearl Harbor on Sunday, December 7, 1941. The attack was unprovoked, and was launched before Japan formally declared war on the US. ( Full Answer )
\n. \n Pearl Harbor was Bombed \n. \n. \nPearl Harbor was bombed on January 7, 1941.\n. \nActually, Pearl Harbor was attacked on Sunday morning, December 7, 1941.
Answer . well, no because it was a suprise attack so only Germany and Japan knew and the US had no idea
the Japanese wanted to get the united states involved in the war, and then once they were out, japan would invade America
Answer . The US lost 2,345 military and 57 civilian dead, two battleships and two destroyers sunk, several other major ships damaged.
It is because we had our naval base there & it would be easier to attack us there to take out our whole navy because that way we wouldn't be able to fight back. They also killed a lot of civilians.
The U.S. sought out revenge by applying a top-secret mission to attack the heart of Japan. The mission was said to be a suicide mission but most men survived the attack. The attack was such an eye opener for the Japanese that they soon realized they can lose this war resulting in them pulling troops… back. On the other side of the world the United States plans for World War 2. ( Full Answer )
America became a full combatant in the War. More specifically than the previous answer.. the very first attack by the US was a direct bombing flight of Tokyo. Eventually, the United States Marine Corps proceeded across the string of islands that lead to mainland Japan, claiming one after another… with many thousands of fatalities on both sides. Before the main island assault, two atom bombs were dropped on Hiroshima, and then Nagasaki after the second of which, Japan surrendered thereby ending their involvement in WWII. SGT S ( Full Answer )
The Doolittle raid, launched from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet; sunk later at the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands.
The number of planes that were destroyed in Pearl Harbor were 188 and the number of planes that were damaged in Pearl Harbor were 159.
It was in the islands and they had set up stations where they could watch and see if planes or ships were coming in.
A CAP (Combat Air Patrol) could have prevented it. But not being at war at the time, CAP's aren't used.
Fought back and prepared to counter attack. They created the "Manhattan Project". This was the creation of the Atomic Bombs. They dropped these bombs on top of Hiroshima, Japan and Nagasaki, Japan.
The US threatened to attack Japan with an atomic bomb. None of the political leaders of Japan at the time believed them, so they ignored the threat. Then, the US military flew over with the first atomic bomb and dropped it over the city of Hiroshima. The US threatened them again with another bomb, b…ut, again, they didn't believe the. Three days later, another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. After yet another threat, the Japanese surrendured. ( Full Answer )
Bombs n' bullets. Torpedos carried on mini-submarines tried to get into the battle, but most likely failed.
It united the people of the US.. It awakened the sleeping giant (the US) and pushed the US into war - something we had been valiently trying to resist.
Pearl Harbor was attacked Dec 7, 1941 starting WWII in the Pacific. Japan was beaten back to her home land, but refused to concede defeat. After what they did in China, and their attempts at Australia and New Zealand, there had to be an end enforced. Japan didn't want the war to end. They had …a pact with Germany, and wanted an open war with Russia. ( Full Answer )
Tried to get away. The bombing started early in the morning when the US navy was still sleeping. They were not ready for the attack and had no weapons that were ready to attack them with.
Attack of Pearl Harbor . The United States did not attack Pearl Harbor; the Japanese did. Pearl Harbor is located in Hawaii, a US state. Japanese warplanes attacked and demolished the Pacific fleet of Navy ships that were docked there. The attack occured on December 7, 1941 and was the single eve…nt that caused the United States to enter World War 2. ( Full Answer )
Pearl Harbor was part of America. It was the Japanese who actually attacked Pearl Harbor. What they did was they sent a large number of aircraft into the Harbor. The objective was to destroy as much of the U.S. Navy positioned there as possible. To do this, they did many things. They bombed the ship…s and shot them with the armaments on their planes. (What I mean is they bombed them and shot them with missiles and guns.) Also, they crashed into the ships. When a plane either ran out of ammo or was about to go down, the pilot would attempt to crash into a ship. Most of the planes had explosives in them that they did not use, so when they needed to do this they could add a bigger bang to the explosion. ( Full Answer )
After the Pearl Harbor attack on Dec. 7th 1941, the USA. declared war on Japan, thus entering World War 2. During WW 2 the atomic bomb was made, and the military made 2 invasions on Japan. The war raged on until 1945, when both Japan and Germany surrendered and gave up their conquests. Japan agreed …to stop fighting on August 14th, and on September 2nd it was finalized. Germany's surrender took place earlier in the year, on May 7th. ( Full Answer )
No, or else it probably would have been less successful. It happened on a Sunday when the whole military was off for the sabbath.
Admiral Husband E. Kimmel was the Admiral who was the head of the Fleet in Pearl Harbor. He was reassigned and lost his command of the Fleet. Another Admiral was chosen, Nimitz I believe.
We actually put a naval blockade against japan, stop giving air plane supplies to them and stopped trading with them which destroyed their economy since when gave them 80% of all their natural resources. Although we did that because they we invading China our trading partner.
The Japanese would have attacked anyway. The Japanese expected the US might be alerted by the time their task force reached the position to launch the attack, and that the aircraft might have to fight their way to the targets. It seemed too much to hope for that the task force could sail thousands o…f miles across the Pacific undetected, or that in the last hours before the launch search planes from Oahu would not spot the task force and radio an alert. Once they had sailed past a certain point on their journey, several days before coming within range of Hawaii, the Japanese were committed to making the attack, no matter what. Admiral Yamamoto, the driving force behind the attack, believed crippling the US Fleet at the outset was the only hope the Japanese had for victory, if a war with the US had to be fought. If US forces had been on the alert, more Japanese aircraft would have been shot down, and the damage would probably have been less. The only reason the Army had bases on Oahu was to protect the Fleet when it was in Harbor. The Army commander had been trying for a year to get more of the up-to-date, modern anti-aircraft cannon, without success. Hawaii was competing with Russia and the UK, who also coveted the weapons through Lend-Lease and were already actively fighting. Production was still ramping up. There were only a few dozen modern fighter planes in Hawaii, some Navy F4Fs and some Army Air Force P-40s. Neither was a match for the A6M Zero. And even though, as events played out, the US was not alerted, the damage the Japanese managed to do was hardly critical. None of the Pacific Fleet's carriers was in the Harbor, a very fortuitous turn of events for the US. Most of the damage was inflicted on the old battleships of the Fleet, eight of which were in the Harbor. But only two of these were permanently lost; the rest were refloated from the shallow bottom and fought again before the war was over. These ships were all completed before the Washington Naval Treaty of 1923 invoked a "building holiday", and their top speed was 21 knots - too slow to keep up with and operate with the aircraft carriers. The old battleships operated throughout the war as the "surface bombardment group", conducting pre-invasion bombardments of targeted islands. The worst effects of the attack were psychological. And, military leaders in general and Navy admirals in particular are conservative, and slow to adopt new ideas. Few of them understood that it was the carriers, not the battleships, which were to be the main power of the Fleet in the coming war. There was a struggle in all large navies of the day, between the "big gun club" admirals, who were the mainstream of naval thought and held sacred the almighty power of the battlewagons, which had been the mainstay of the fleets for centuries, and the airminded admirals, whose star became ascendant with the old slow battleships temporarily in the mud of Pearl Harbor. So, in actuality, the Japanese almost did us a favor, by forcing the Fleet to embrace the carrier as its only option. ( Full Answer )
Pearl Harbor was a US Navy base for fifty years before the attack. It was originally acquired as a "coaling station". Navies ran on coal back then. There were a lot of anarchists around, especially among the working men, in that era, the sort of men who might be employed to load coal onto ships. Ana…rchists liked to try to slip a dynamite bomb disguised as a lump of coal into a navy ship's coal bunkers. When it was shoveled into the fire it would explode and possibly sink the ship. (This may be what sank the USS Maine in Havana Harbor in Cuba in 1898, setting off the Spanish-American War). So all navies wanted a network of coaling stations around the oceans, where they could control their supply of coal, rather than taking the risk of buying coal from some commercial operation in whatever harbor they might be in. Up until 1940 the US Pacific Fleet was based on the west coast of the mainland US. Every year the Fleet went to Hawaii and had maneuvers. After the 1940 maneuvers President Roosevelt ordered the Fleet to remain in Hawaii. Roosevelt thought that keeping the Fleet based at this forward base, 2200 miles from the West Coast, would have a "restraining influence" on Japanese aggression in Asia. It seems very doubtful that the presence of the Fleet in Hawaii restrained the Japanese the least little bit from their aggressive conquests. The Commander of the Fleet at that time protested keeping the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, because he did not believe the Fleet could be properly defended there with the equipment then in Hawaii. Little was added to this equipment before the attack. The Admiral also worried that if one ship was sunk in the narrow channel leading into Pearl Harbor, the entire Fleet might be bottled up there for months, until the wreckage could be cleared away. The Admiral felt so strongly about this that late in 1940 he went to Washington and met with Roosevelt to argue the Fleet should be returned to its usual bases on the west coast. He argued so strongly that a couple of months later Roosevelt relieved him of command, after only a year in command of the Fleet. Normally an Admiral kept this position two years. ( Full Answer )
Yes, it pissed us off and ended up with us burning Japan to the ground.
The US didn't directly attack anybody. Japanese ships atacked a patrol, thus leading to the famous Battle at Midway.
no. in fact, the U.S. thought they where going to have a nice friendship after being threatend by them
The US first reacted by the "Doolittle's raid" which was basically flying modified B12 Bombers off an aircraft carrier to Bomb Tokyo's major Military Plants, before they set off there was a little ceremony held on the flight deck, Doolittle tied false peace medals onto the bombs to "give them back" …after they bombed Pearl Harbor ( Full Answer )
not very because the Japanese didn't bomb the oil Fields so they had the naval fleet up and running in days
"The Americans had deciphered Japan's code earlier and knew about a planned attack before it actually occurred. However, due to difficulty in deciphering intercepted messages, the Americans failed to discover Japan's target location before the attack occurred." so they were not surprised by the a…ttack, but by the location. ref: Hakim, Joy (1995). A History of Us: War, Peace and all that Jazz . New York: Oxford University Press. ( Full Answer )
2 hours or so after the attack, President Roosevelt declared war on Japan, which lead to their destruction.
No, at the time, slavery was already illegal. Segregation at the time was still a law in Southern states such as Georgia and Alabama.
actually the Japanese people who bombed pearl harbor thought the US knew about the battle... there commander lied to them... they killed 2,403 Americans that day in less than 2 hours.
General Doolittle led a raid against Tokyo and other Japanese cities to raise US morale.
The United States was beginning to increase its preparations for war with Japan, which included increasing defenses in the Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, Midway Island, Hawaiian islands, and several other islands to the southwest of Pearl Harbor. The US Navy & Army forces at Pearl Harbor & else…where in Hawaii were surprised when the Japanese attacked them in Hawaii on 7 December 1941, however they were somewhat prepared for war . US defenders were able to shoot down 29 Japanese aircraft, and damage another 74. US ships also sank several Japanese mini-subs that attempted to attack the US fleet. There were dozens of US ships not at Pearl Harbor, during the attack, because they were at sea engaged in various operations preparing for war. This included two US Aircraft Carriers, USS Lexington & USS Enterprise. One of the great ironies of the war: Although the Japanese chose the time(s) & place(s) to start the war with the United States/Great Britain/Netherlands; it was the Japanese that were the most unprepared for the war that would develop. Although this fact was not obvious in 1941, it became much more apparent by 1943. ( Full Answer )
Because so lives were lost that day. And it was the last battle before we entered the war! We were out of the war for two years and planning to be out of the war for a long time. But this was a hard decision but we had to because japan killed so many lives and boats!.