Why were craftsmen and merchants important to the middle ages?
Craftsmen and Merchants were important to the Middle Ages because they invented new tools and technology. They also helped craft new tools for the peasants to use to work and do jobs. They also helped others because they also crafted bowls, spoons, and drinkware.
If there were no craftsmen, then the whole middle ages would be eating with their hands, and off the ground.
During the Middle Ages, artists were mostly independent craftsmen. This put them outside the much talked about structure of medieval social classes, which consisted of peasants, nobles, and clergy. Along with merchants, craftsmen were what we would call middle class, a group most medieval social theorists chose to ignore when they wrote about the structure of feudalism.
The "middle class", although I think we should be careful about applying the term in the modern sense to closely, would have lived mostly in towns and cities. It would have included master craftsmen (meaning those who owned their own businesses, with the help of apprentices and perhaps journeymen) merchants of moderate means, and perhaps certain church positions.
The middle class was the bourgeoisie, which consisted mainly of highly skilled craftsmen and also merchants. More The people of the medieval middle class were those who were not serfs or free tenant farmers, but were also not members of the nobility. As such, they were outside the normal structure of feudalism. They might be shop or business owners, or they might be stewards or lawyers. They included people who had become free and had…
Jesters were middle class people. In order to do their work, they could really not be serfs. But they could also not be members of the nobility. There were quite a few middle class people in the Middle Ages, despite what some people would think. Anyone who was not working as a laborer for hire, and was not a member of the nobility, would have been middle class, and that would have included merchants, craftsmen…