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The H L Hunley was used during the Civil War, and was credited with the first sinking by a submarine. Look it up on the web for more details. Here is one site: http://soundwaves.usgs.gov/2000/09/ I believe that submarines became more practical when the internal combustion engine was refined. This corresponds with WW1 in many respects. There are probably Metallurgy issues with hull design, but I don't know enough to comment on that issue. The biggest issue for submarines is the lack of air. Not only is it vital for the crew of the submarine, all of the early means of mobility required air. The Hunley was 'man powered' and the crew had to breath. Steam and gas engines depend upon burning of fuel, which requires air. Most of the early submarines were diesel powered when they where on the surface, but required battery technology to run when underwater. The electric motors and batteries powerful enough to run them for any length of time were not available prior to the turn of the century. When the above problems were solved and reliable self-powered torpedoes were introduced, the submarine was added to the arsenal of the World's navies, but they were still held out of wartime participation because these navies were controlled by admirals who saw the sub as a dangerous and dirty way to fight, which it was, and a far cry from lines of battleships dueling each other gloriously as they had done in previous centuries. Only World War 1 broke this cycle. In the Russo-Japanese War of 1905-06, both sides operated submarines obtained from the USA, but they never saw any important action. The Spanish Navy had a few subs in 1898, whereas the US Navy had none at the time, but these were not properly used either.

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โˆ™ 2013-05-27 15:42:41
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Q: Why were submarines not used before World War I?
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Related questions

How were World War I submarines used?

World War I submarines were primarily used to locate and attack surface cargo and warships.


Who was the invntor of submarines in world war 1?

You should note that submarines were in use well before WW I.


Were submarines used in world war 1?

Yes, many submarines were used in WW1 by most of the major combatants.


Were submarines used in World War 1 And if there were what were the weapons used by the controller of it?

submarines were used in WW1 and the weapons used were torpedos and a deck gun.


What were three new weapons used in World War I?

New weapons used during World War 1The new weapons that were used during World War I were:tanksairplanesgas (phosgene, mustard, chlorine)German submarinesMachine Guns was one of them.submarines with torpedoes (submarines were used long before)


How many submarines did Japan have in World War 2?

During World War 2, it is reported that over 2,000 variants of Japanese Submarines were used during World War 2. Out of this, it is estimated that 10,000s were likely to be used during WW2.


How were sonar systems used in World War 2?

They were used by submarines to navigate when not in open waters, They were also used by submarines and anti-submarine ships to locate enemy submarines.


When were submarines used in World War 2?

They were used extensively throughout the war - from beginning to end.


How were periscopes used and how are they used now?

They were used in the first world war in submarines. The are used now also for submarines and also war tanks. The outer coating of the periscope for the submarines were firm and waterproof for protection from the water pressure. As for the war tank the periscope is able to turn 360 degrees.


How did submarines change warfare in World War 1?

Before the war, people mainly used ships and boats, therefore, the people with the submarine could destroy these ships.


How many US submarines were commissioned in WWll?

The U.S. had 111 submarines in commission at the start of World War II and commissioned 203 more before the war ended.


Which country used submarines in world war 1?

Britain, France, Germany, Italy and USA all used submarines during WW1


Why were submarines not used before World War One?

They were; the technology to make them a lethal threat just didn't exist until the late 1800's.


In which international conflict were the submarines first used?

World War 1


What did submarines look like in World War I?

Why don't you just Google "World War 1 Submarines?"


What countries used submarines in World War I?

Germany was first to use submarines in World War 1 knwn as " U- 2 ". Later on UK and USA produced their own version. - b sharma.


Did the US attack German submarines before World War 2?

Yes, and were attacked by them. The Battle of the Atlantic began before a formal Declaration of War.


What weapons did the Germans have in World War 1?

they used planes, submarines and guns :)


How many submarines were used in world war 1?

An estimation of about 600 subs were operated during the war.


Use of German submarines in the Atlantic?

The Germans have used submarines in the Atlantic at various times in the past, including today. Atlantic submarine activity was a key theater of both World War I and World War II.


How was sonar used in World War 1 and World War 2?

Not used in WWI, it was designed as a part of Manhattan Project and used on submarines and other vessels during WWII.


Who used submarines in world war 1?

The same nations that used them in WWII used them or had them in WWI. Which is a long list!


Did submarines have torpedoes in world war 1?

Yes, before cruise missiles came about, submarines were armed solely with torpedoes and, more common in WW2, deck guns.


What military fought in the U boats during ww1?

They're german submarines, used in world war 1 and world war 2


What device was used during World War 1 to find enemy submarines?

ASDIC