History, Politics & Society
WW1 Allied Forces
Gallipoli Campaign

Why were the Australian and New Zealand troops sent to Gallipoli?

Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2013-04-07 06:56:36

In the history of the Great War, the Gallipoli campaign made no large mark. The number of dead, although horrific, pales in comparison with the number that died in France and Belgium during the war. But for New Zealand, along with Australia and Turkey, the Gallipoli campaign played an important part in fostering a sense of national identity.

The British were keen to find ways to break the German lines. Superior sea power seemed to be the answer. The First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, suggested several ways to use British naval resources. One of these was an assault on the Dardanelles.

Churchill quickly ordered a bombardment of the forts guarding the Narrows. This operation, carried out before Great Britain formally declared war on the Ottoman Empire, reminded the Turks of the threat to the Dardanelles. They improved defenses, including laying minefields.

As early as November 1914, Churchill had suggested an attack on Gallipoli. His fellow members of the War Council, which decided British strategic issues, rejected his plan as too risky. The stalemate and the actions of the Ottoman Empire led the council to rethink their position.

The Turks were advancing northwards in the Caucasus, and Russia called for assistance

. Russian forces soon drove the Turks back, but the mood in the War Council swung Churchill's way. There were other potential advantages of the suggested attack. The Balkan states might attack Austria-Hungary from the south-east, and a campaign in the Eastern Mediterranean might encourage Italy to enter the war on the Allied side.

Even before the naval attack started, the War Council had decided to support it with military forces. General Sir Ian Hamilton was put in charge of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. By the timehe arrived in the region on 17 March, there were doubts about the naval strategy. Events of 18 March confirmed these, and Hamilton soon shifted the emphasis to a military operation.

A landing was now proposed, and it was expected that the Turkish defenders would oppose it. The aim would be to capture the Kilid Bahr plateau. From herethe Turkish positions that dominated the sea approaches on both sides of the strait could be destroyed. Once that was done, the naval operation could proceed.

Hamilton's forces gathered in Egypt. There were about 75,000 men in the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. They came from France, the United Kingdom and other parts of the British Empire. The Anzacs were among these

User Avatar

Your Answer

Still Have Questions?

Related Questions

Where did Australian troops go before being sent to gallipoli?

The ANZACS went to Cairo on December 4th, 1914 so they could train and prepare for what was ahead in Gallipoli.

What happened to the soldiers at Gallipoli?

They were withdrawn and seperated. New Zealand and Australian mounted troops went to serve in Mesopotamia (Palestine). The regular infantry were sent to England for further training and then absorbed into the carnage on the Western Front.

Who sent parcels to the troops in gallipoli 1915?


Why were the ANZACS sent to invade the Gallipoli Peninsula?

The ANZACS were sent to invade the Gallipoli Peninsula to provide a strong-enough force to secure a trade route through which the Allies could deliver supplies to Russia. An ANZAC is a member of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.

Where overseas did the New Zealand troops get sent in World War 1 someone please answer soon I gota hand this in by 2moz?

The Western Front & most particularly Gallipoli....

Who sent Australian troops to New Guinea in 1942?

The Australian government.

Why were Australian troops sent to Vietnam?

Australian troops were sent to Vietnam on Robert Menzies orders (the Australian prime minister of the time). They were sent to Vietnam because Communism was spreading throughout Asia, and Menzies feared it coming to Australia, so he sent our troops in. Although, our troops only started out as advisers to our allies, but sometime later Menzies decided to send in our combat troops.

Why were Australian troops sent to Egypt?

Australian troops were sent to Egypt in 1914 because they needed to help stop hitler and his army conquring parts of the country

Where in Egypt did the Australian soldiers train before they were sent to Gallipoli and what was it like?

next to the pyramids

Australian troops to Korea?

Approximately 17,000 Australian Servicemen were sent to Korea.

How were the ANZACs significant for Australia?

ANZAC stand for Australia and New Zealand Army Corp. These were the troops that were sent to Europe for World War 1. Their main contribution was during the Gallipoli Campaign in Turkey.

Who was the Australian prime minister that sent the troops to the Vietnam war?

On 28 April, 1965, Australian Prime Minister, Robert Menzies, announced that Australian troops would be sent to support the United States forces in the Vietnam war. The first Australian troops arrived in Vietnam in May 1965.

Why did the battle at Gallipoli start?

the battle at gallipoli started i think because Britain had declared war against Germany and its allies so the Australian troups were sent to gallipoli and that was just on eof the many places that they fought at

What was the point of Anzac Biscuits?

Anzac Buiscuits were made by mothers, wives, and girlfriends who sent them to Australian and New Zealand troops to boost their morale and remind them of home during WW2.

How many Australian troops were sent on the Kokoda trail?

2009 soldiers

What are some interesting facts about Anzac Day?

The acronym ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. These were the Australian and New Zealand troops who were sent to the Gallipoli campaign. The original ANZAC landing at Gallipoli occurred on 25 April 1915. Altogether, around 8000 Australian troops and 2,700 New Zealand troops died. From 1916 onwards, in both Australia and New Zealand, ANZAC services were held on or about April 25, mainly organised by returned servicemen and school children in cooperation with local authorities. 25 April 1916 was the first unofficial ANZAC day. It was marked by a wide variety of ceremonies and services in Australia, a march through London, and a sports day in the Australian camp in Egypt. In London over 2,000 Australian and New Zealand troops marched through the streets. In the Sydney march wounded soldiers attended by nurses also took part in the march with the aid of motor vehicles. ANZAC Day was gazetted as a public holiday in New Zealand in 1921. In Australia, it was decided at the 1921 state premiers conference that ANZAC Day be observed on April 25 each year. Initially, it was not observed uniformly in all the states. It wasn't until 1927 that all Australians commemorated the day with a public holiday.

Why do New Zealanders go to Gallipoli?

At the start of the 1st World War there was strong support for the British Empire which at the time included Australia and New Zealand. That is why the Australian and New Zealand Army Corp - ANZAC - was formed as soldiers willing to fight and die for Britain. After the military disaster of Gallipoli many soldiers from that campaign were sent to the Western Front were despite bravery at all levels many of those who did survive Gallipoli died in the trench warfare

How old did you have to be to join the Gallipoli war?

There was no "Gallipoli War". People did not enlist in a "Gallipoli war": they enlisted in the Australian Army,which sent troops to Gallipoli, one of many campaigns undertaken during World War 1. The enlistment age for the Australian Army was 21 years. With the permission of a parent or guardian, it was age 18. Many younger boys lied about their age in order to join up. There were many 16 year olds who joined the army under false pretences, and there were even known to be some 14 year olds.

Why did Canada enter the Boer war?

Canada was a dominion of Great Britain, so some of the troops sent by the British to Africa were from Canada. There were also Irish troops and, I think, Australian and New Zealand troops as well. The British were having a difficulty time fighting the Boers so they eventually sent more troops which might be why Canadians had to go. Or maybe they just had to go.

When were Australian troops first sent to in World War 2?

At the end of 1939.

Which seato member sent troops to Vietnam in support of the US?

Several. Australia, New Zealand, The Philippines, Thailand, and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) sent troops to Vietnam.

When were the Australian Soldiers sent to Gallipoli?

This was in world war one. At 2.30 am on 25 April 1915, as the men of the Anzac Corps approached the west coast of Gallipoli in the ships of the invasion fleet, the Australian submarine AE2 entered the Dardanelles to disrupt Turkish sea communication.

What do Australian troops do?

Australia sent a regiment of their Centurion tanks to Vietnam, along infantry and artillery.

Did Australian soldiers train in Egypt before being sent to gallipoli?

Yes, the ANZAC soldiers arrived in Cairo on December 4th, 1914. They were trained intensely in the desert in large battalions before landing in Gallipoli.

How did the Vietnam War affect New Zealand?

A detachment of troops were sent, primarily artillerymen (all volunteers).

Still have questions?