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Typical half-timbered Tudor house

One of the most startling transformations in the history of English architecture took place in the Tudor period. It was not, however, a transformation in style. Buildings were still largely Gothic in form; at least during the first half century of the Tudor period. Instead the transformation was a social one; building effort now went towards secular, rather than ecclesiastical buildings.

There are several reasons for this change. One is simple; there were plenty of churches for the needs of the population of England. More profoundly, the church was no longer the force it had been in the medieval period. The growing unpopularity of the church, with its perceived worldliness and wealth, meant that those with money to spend now spent it on themselves.

The Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII meant that there were large areas of land freed up for exploitation by the newly wealthy gentry class. New farms were built upon former monastic lands, and labourers' cottages for tenants who worked the land.

Curiously, changes in architectural style resulted in buildings shrinking; becoming more intimate. Rather than the move towards spaciousness so evident in the late Gothic period, Tudor architecture focussed on details. Windows and doors were smaller, but more ornately decorated, more complex. The smartly pointed arch of the Gothic period gave way to the flattened Tudor arch. The most striking window treatment to emerge in the Tudor period is the oriel, a projecting, multi-sided window cantilevered out from an upper floor, and supported on a bracket or corbel from beneath.

Tudor Chimney

Chimneys and enclosed fireplaces became common for the first time. Indeed, the Tudor chimney is one of the most striking aspects of this period. One of the reasons for the increased use of chimneys was the widespread adoption of coal as fuel. Previously wood smoke was allowed to escape from the interior through a simple hole in the roof. Now, the increased smoke from coal made necessary evolved forms of fireplaces, flues, and chimneys to get the smoke away from the living space. Chimney stacks were often clustered in groups, and the individual chimney columns were curved, twisted, and decorated with chequerboard patterns of different-coloured bricks.

And that brings up a second noticeable characteristic of Tudor architecture; the use of brick in building. Spreading from East Anglia, where it had been introduced from the Low Countries in the late medieval period, brick became one of the most common building materials. Some bricks were imported into England, brought back in ships that exported English wool to the continent. Others were made in brickyards established in East Anglia by Dutch immigrants.

It may seem strange to the modern reader, but brick was originally a luxury item. Only those at the top of the social and economic spectrum could afford to build in brick. The most remarkable Tudor brick building is Hampton Court Palace, but a multitude of smaller estates and country houses made use of this newly fashionable luxury material.

In several areas of England, notably Cheshire, Lancashire, and Warwickshire, wooden houses, generally in oak, are more numerous than brick. Wood was used to create a skeleton which was filled in with brick or plaster. Bricks were often laid in a herringbone pattern, made possible because they had no structural responsibilities; the wooden posts took the strain and the bricks served as decorative infill. A hybrid form saw the lower story built in stone, with wood used for the upper stories.

Where bricks were too expensive plaster was the infill of choice, resulting in the typical "black-and-white" small Tudor house, whitewashed plaster set between blackened oak timbers. Often the upper stories of these houses projected above the lower floors, particularly in towns, where ground-floor space was at a premium and the house owner might be taxed according to street frontage.

A simple Tudor window and moulding

Even in wooden houses, though, window and doors are similar to the stone designs, with small arches capped by simple squared-off mouldings.

The great houses of the Tudor period featured fanciful gatehouses. The idea was to create an impressive, awe-inspiring entrance. This was accomplished by entry through a broad, low arch flanked by tall octagonal towers decorated with ornate false battlements. Above the entry arch many houses prominently featured a family coat of arms.

Linen fold paneling

The most obvious feature of interior decoration is the widespread use of oak panelling. This panelling often extends from floor to ceiling. The most common motif used for the panelling was the linen-fold, a raised carving imitating folds of cloth. The term "linen-fold" is a 19th century one; at the time this pattern was termed "lignum undulatum", or "wavy woodwork".

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Q: What is the difference between a rich and a poor Tudor house?
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What is the difference between a poor Tudor and a rich Tudor?

well poor tudor's wear cloth,dirty and smelly clothes but rich tudor's wear diamonds,clean and comfy clothes.

What did a poor Tudor house look like?

A poor Tudor house looked like a piece of ckicken from KFC

Can you get a scetch of a poor Tudor house?

yes yes u can

The comparison between a rich man and a poor one in Tudor times?

you idiots

What is the difference between poor and rich peoples houses in ancient Greece?

The poor house doesn't have some fancy rooms and the rich house has bathrooms , kitchen and lots of other stuff the poor Greeks don't have

How is rich Tudor fashion different between poor?

womens dresses are made of silk where poor dresses are made of wool

What did the rich decide to do about Tudor the poor in Tudor England?

Rape them

Why don't Tudor sailors who are poor wash?

They were poor.

Who was the healthiest the rich Tudor or the poor Tudor?

obviously the rich tudors

What was the difference between the rich and poor people's houses in the Tudor times?

The rich people had ornate and large homes. The poor had what they could afford. As more land became enclosed for raising sheep for wool, more people became poor and lost their homes. People were sometimes forced into workhouses.

What is the difference of poor Tudor houses and rich Tudor houses?

rich peoples houses were very beautifully built and they were made of pure carved stone with horse hair as cement but it actually worked A poor persons house was very different because most poor houses were very badly built with rotten woods and sometimes even stones with no cement and inside the rich homes was comfy furniture and lovely wallpaper but inside a poor home there would be poor light and damp conditions with maybe a wooden stool and a bit of linen with hay stuffed underneath.

Did Tudor poor have any toys?