They are called diplococci.
Bacteria does damage a cell wall which results in a variety of conditions that medical research is working to combat. The cause of this is the damage that is sustained by the cell wall from the bacteria itself.
The human body will have bacteria invade it from time to time. This bacteria can cause infection and illness if not treated appropriately with medical care and antibiotics.
The immune system provides the human body protection from foreign attacks such as bacteria, viruses, and infection. However, some diseases and medical procedures can trick the immune system into fighting itself or failing completely.
Basically gram negative bacteria contain only a thin layer of petidoglycan which is contained inside a secondary outer membrane composed of phospholipids and lipopolysaccharides. Gram positive bacteria have a thick layer of peptidoglycan that is exposed to the external environment. This secondary membrane, in particular the lipopolysaccharide layer of it, is related to pathogenicity in many gram negative bacteria. Medically speaking, most gram negative bacteria are pathogenic. If you are looking at a sample from a sick patient and you encounter a gram negative bacterial growth, you have likely discovered the source of the illness. The secondary membrane can make it more difficult for antibiotics to permeate the cellular envelope and kill the bacteria. Therefore, higher rates of antibiotic resistance are seen among gram negative bacteria than among gram positive bacteria. Additionally, some factors of virulence, such as adhesion, can be expressed through proteins in the external membrane. I would say the overall medical significance of gram negative bacteria is that they are more likely to be pathogens, and they often function as much nastier pathogens than their gram positive counterparts.
Bacteriology is the medical term meaning study of bacteria.
Renal function is the medical term meaning kidney function. Renal means pertaining to the kidney.
homing overlay experiment
Bacterial means pertaining to (or caused by) bacteria.
From a medical viewpoint it is useful to know which bacteria you are trying to kill!
An antibacterial or a bacteriocidic substance kills bacteria.
Alexander accidentally discovered penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum, which he realized could fight infection and bacteria. From this he developed the practice of antibiotic therapy for infectious diseases.