In 1830 President Andrew Jackson signed into law "The Indian Removal Act" which allowed or authorized the removal of the "Five Civilized Tribes" (Cherokee, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Seminole) to "Indian Territory" (modern day Oklahoma).
In 1831 combined army, militia, and volunteer forces began to move these tribes along one of several routes to two forts located in Indian Territory: Fort Gibson and Fort Townson. The last tribe moved were the Cherokee in 1838. It should be noted that some tribes accepted bribes of money and or lands, while others did not and were forced under the threat of death - some of these rebelled resulting in armed conflict. During the move there were several way stations along the route, but not all had proper provisioning. For various reasons (from bad planning or indifference to intentional lack of concern, to malfeasant action), many Indians were not allowed or given access to proper food, medical supplies, warm clothing, nor allowed to rest for any significant period of time, which resulted in the deaths of many tribal members. These deaths were exacerbated by the untended dead left along the trail.
The native Americans began to call this trail or series of trails, the "Trail where they Wept / Cried" and it has been changed a little to "The Trail of Tears" by modern translation. The Arkansas Gazette quoted Thomas Harkins (a Choctaw) as saying "[it was] a trail of tears and death"
There were approximately 11 of these trails, taken by different tribes based upon location. They ranged in distance from 200 to 900 miles and went through 14 states (These distances do not include oversea travel):
reasons people would leave a place
The Pull factor pull factored the pull factor.
Competition for jobs
Plantation owners supported and propagated racism to justify owning people as slaves.
Slave families were split up.
Gold was discovered there.
all of the above (evangelism, revival meetings, through missionaries)
One cause of the Panic of 1819 was that fewer exports going from America to Europe.
the number of people who died on the trail.
they feared more mistreatment
european nations needed fewer foreign goods.
more cotton plantations were needed <---APEX(:
What helped the Cherokee's survive the trail of the tears was their hunt for food.
The completion of the Erie Canal allowed for faster and cheaper travel to the Midwest.
Teach a slave to read or write.
Limited opportunities available to women in other areas of public life. Answer this question…
They are a firsthand account by a slave
find new land