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World War 2

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Pamela Ferry

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โˆ™ 2021-10-27 18:35:55
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Cards in this guide (28)
Where was the Battle of Britain fought

Answer

This battle took place in the skies over Britain. The Battle of Britain was a contest between the British and German air forces. The Germans were trying to destroy the British air force as a prelude to invading the island.

The first stage (the Battle of Britain in the narrower sense, from about early July-October 1940) saw the attempt by the German Luftwaffe to destroy the RAF bases.

In September 1940 the focus shifted to atttacks on civilian targets. This second phase if often referred in Britain as 'the blitz'. Over a period of several months in 1940 they launched huge daily air raids on various targets in England, most particularly a long campaign of terror bombing of London and other cities. Ultimately though the British were shooting down far more German planes than the Germans were British and Hitler gave up in May 1941 in order to prepare for his invasion of Russia.

Answer

After the British withdrew from Dunkirk Churchill said "What General Weygrand called the Battle of France is over, the Battle of Britain is about to begin". It took place mainly over the South and East of England from July 10th 1940 to 31st October 1940. German sources have the Battle finishing later when the last bombing runs were made (May 1941) while the British dates cover the main action.

There were 4 main parts:-

1. July 10th - August 7th Initial probing across the Channel and raids on Radar stations

2. August 8th - September 6th - Airfield raids to destroy aircraft and facilities

3. 7th September - 5th October Massed attacks against the London, other cities and industry

4. 6-31 October 1940 Night Raids

The Battle of Britain was an air battle fought in the skies primarily above Southern England.

The East Coast and Midlands were also attacked by Aircraft based in Norway.
The Battle of Britain was the final stand against Hitler's dominance of Europe.

Hitler wanted to invade Britain. He called his plan Operation Sealion. He had detailed plans of who would rule Britain after it was conquered. His propaganda machine had already made a newsreel of the 'victorious' German soldiers and the British they had 'captured'.

But Britain was defended by the Royal Navy, which was much stronger than the German Navy. If Hitler was going to mount an invasion of Britain, he would have to find a way to defend his invasion barges from attack. The German airforce - the Luftwaffe - could defend the invasion, but, to do that, Hitler would first have to knock out the Royal Air Force (RAF). That is how the Battle of Britain came about. The Battle of Britain was really the first part of Hitler's invasion of Britain.

Four developments laid the foundations of Britain's survival:

  1. Firstly, Britain had built a series of radar stations (July 1935). British radar was superior because, not only could it tell where the enemy planes were coming from, but it had a way to telling the fighters so that they could go and attack them.

  2. Secondly, in July 1937, Air Chief Marshall Dowding was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Fighter Command. He was a brilliant commander who - on a small budget - was able to reorganise the RAF into four Groups, each divided into a number of sectors (each with a main sector airfield with a number of supporting airfields).

  3. Thirdly, the British developed two brilliant planes - the Hurricane (Nov 1935) which was reliable and was used to shoot down the Luftwaffe bombers; and the Spitfire (March 1936), the fastest plane in the world, which was used to destroy the Nazi fighters which protected the bombers.

  4. Fourthly, in May 1940, Churchill put Lord Beaverbrook (owner of the Daily Express) in charge of aircraft production. He ran one appeal for aluminum - 'We will turn your pots and pans into Spitfires and Hurricanes' - and another scheme where towns, groups or individuals could 'buy' a Spitfire (for £5000) and send it off the fight the Nazis. He also set up a Civilian Repair Organisation, which made new planes from the left-over pieces of planes which had been shot down. Beaverbrook cut through government red tape, and increased the production by 250%; in 1940, British factories produced 4,283 fighters, compared to Germany's 3,000.

This gunboat was used for patrolling the Yangtze River in China and for protecting Americans during the Chinese civil war

U.S.S. Panany

Adolf Hitler was able to avoid the restrictions of the Treaty of Versailles by secretly tripling the German army to what size

300,000

Which country did Japan attack in northeastern China

They attacked Manchuria in 1939.

Who were the supporters of the Spanish government in 1936

Republicans also known as Loyalist

All of the answers are correct.

Why did Hitler want the area called the Sudetenland

Many Germans lived in this area.

What term means that a country is controlled by a more powerful country

The term satellite state means a country that is controlled by a more powerful country. A satellite state means that the country was once independent by is now heavily controlled by the politics, economy, and military capabilities of another country.

Who developed a policy that forced peasants to put their land and animals into state-owned collective farms

Stalin

Who was embarrassed by Italy's small holdings and chose Ethiopia as his first conquest

Mussolini, I suppose. He wanted to obtain more colonies so he could be like the big nations of Europe.

With the help of Germany and Italy who won the civil war in Spain

francisco franco

What type of state was set up by Franco which he based on the fascist government

totalitarian

The fast-rising stock market of the early '20s was called

a bull market

What was the name of the 1938 summit conference at which the democratic countries tried to stop further German aggression

Munich Pact

When Hitler rebuilt his army which broke an agreement set out in the Treaty of Versailles and then invaded the Rhineland many countries complained

false

In August of 1939 Germany and which country signed a nonaggression pact that meant they would not attack each other

The Soviet Union, aka the USSR.

What were the Tubes in which Londoners took shelter during the raids of 1940

They took shelter in the London subway system.

These people were members of the hereditary warrior class that existed in Japan until the 1870s

samurai

During 1937 the Japanese wanted to provoke the US into a declaration of war

true

The evacuation of the British and French troops at Dunkirk was successful because the Germans slowed their attack and rested their tired men

True

In the Soviet Union what were Gulags

Labor camps

The terms of the Munich Pact were worked out by the leaders of France Great Britain Germany Italy and Czechoslovakia

false

Why did Magua stop the savages from killing Cora and the others

He felt they should have a slow death rather than a swift one.

Was Winston Churchill Britain's Prime Minister

Yes. 1940-45 and 1951-55.
Winston Churchill was Britain's Prime Minister from May 1940 until July 1945 and again from 1951 until 1955.

What would most likely have happened to Heyward and his party

they would have been slaughtered.

Which term refers to the amount of territory controlled by a particular country

Sphere Of Influence

The Kellogg briand pact was designed to abolish the possibility of war and settle international disputes peacefully

True

With which country did Germany divide Poland

souviet union

Based on the information in this passage what does the underlined word most likely mean

fancy; notion A+

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