answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer

Willie Johnston of the 3rd Vermont won the Medal of Honor for heroism on an unknown date in the spring of 1862. Since he was born about July, 1850, he would have been eleven years old. He is the youngest recipient of the Medal of Honor ever. Orion P. Howe, age 14, won the Medal of Honor on May 19(?) 1863 at Vicksburg, Mississippi. Orion's regiment, the 55th Illinois, was penned down and running out of ammunition. Orion volunteered to run across open ground to get help. He was wounded in the leg, but made it.

William Horsefall of Kentucky was 14 when he rescued an officer under fire and was awarded the Medal of Honor. There were several others, but those three are the only ones I can think of at the moment.

No "Drummer Boy's" were awarded the Medal Of Honor during the War for Southern Independence. The ones cited above were actual soldiers in line units.

Maybe you meant Flag Color Bearers? I believe the color bearer for the 54th Massachusetts received a MOH for the action at Charleston harbor.

The Congressional Medal of Honor Society refers to Willie Johnston as a drummer boy. Here's what they have to say about him:

The first Medal of Honor awarded after the original presentation ceremony for the Andrews Raiders in March, 1863, went to musician Willie Johnston, Company D, 3rd Vermont Infantry. Willie was born in 1850. When his father enlisted in December, 1861, young Willie begged to go with him. The commanding officer agreed to let Willie join up, and he was enlisted as a drummer boy on December 11, 1861.

Willie's first fight was at Lee's Mills, Virginia, on April 16, 1862. During his next campaign, the Seven Days fighting and the Peninsula Campaign from June 25 to July 1, 1862, Willie was cited for the Medal of Honor. It was during the disastrous retreat from that campaign, when strong men threw away all their equipment so they would have less weight to carry, that young Willie Johnston retained his drum and brought it safely to Harrison's Landing. There, he had the honor of drumming for the division parade, he being the only drummer boy to bring his instrument off the battlefields.

Young Johnston's division commander noted these facts and included them in his report. Somehow, President Lincoln heard the story and wrote Secretary Stanton suggesting the youth be given a medal. Stanton agreed, and Willie Johnston was presented his Medal of Honor September 16, 1863, at the age of 13, for a deed performed when he was but 12 years of age.

There's no question Willie was a drummer boy.

In thinking what is so important about a drummer boy, you have to remember that during the Civil War, there were no radios or walkie talkies. The "drummer boy" was an integral part of the combat team. It was he, and the bugler, who learned the various calls so necessary to call the soldiers of the unit into action, whether it be combat or mess. Without them, communication was near impossible to large numbers of troops. It was the same way for color bearers. The unit(s) assembled upon them, and because of this, it was a dangerous job, as enemy sharpshooters would be constantly looking to cut them down, thus disrupting movement and assembly of troops.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2015-07-15 19:05:43
This answer is:
User Avatar
Study guides

US Civil War

20 cards

Why were poll taxes created

What is a graduated income tax

What sparked the beginning of the Civil War

When Abraham Lincoln was elected president what was the result for the southern states

โžก๏ธ
See all cards
3.8
โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…โ˜†โ˜…
133 Reviews

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: How many drummer boys won the Medal of Honor in the Civl War?
Write your answer...
Submit
Still have questions?
magnify glass
imp
People also asked