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# How do you explain that the pencil appears broken in the glass of water?

Updated: 8/11/2023

Wiki User

14y ago

A ray of light changes direction when it gets out of the water, and into the air. This is called "refraction".

A ray of light changes direction when it gets out of the water, and into the air. This is called "refraction".

A ray of light changes direction when it gets out of the water, and into the air. This is called "refraction".

A ray of light changes direction when it gets out of the water, and into the air. This is called "refraction".

Wiki User

14y ago

Wiki User

14y ago

A ray of light changes direction when it gets out of the water, and into the air. This is called "refraction".

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Q: How do you explain that the pencil appears broken in the glass of water?
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Related questions

### Why does this pencil appear broken at the boundary between the air and water as view from the side of a glass of water?

due to refraction If the pencil is vertical, then it shouldn't look broken.

### Why do a pencil appear to be bent or broken when seen through the side of the glass?

Because of refraction of light

### Why does a pencil appear broken at the boundery between air nd water of the glass and water as viewed at the side of a glass of water?

Your eye is interpreting the path taken by the light that reflects off the pencil.

### A hard transparent substance that is easily broken?

Such a material is GLASS.

### What is rare faction examples?

One example of refraction of light is a rainbow and a broken pencil when placed in a glass of water.

### Why does a pencil looks broken when seen from the side of drinking glass with water?

As water is a denser medium compared to air refraction occurs. Refraction causes the light to be bent before reaching our eyes. Hence, pencil looks broken.

### Glass Replacement?

form_title= Glass Replacement form_header= Replace broken glass. What do you need replaced?*= _ [50] Please explain how the glass broke or cracked.*= _ [50] What are the dimensions of the glass?*= _ [50]

### Why does the sun look little oval at the horizon?

Refraction. It's basically the same reason a pencil put in a glass of water appears to be "bent".

### Part of a pencil that is placed in a glass of water appears bent in relation to the part of the pencil that extends out of the water What is this phenomenon called?

Caused by refraction. The same effect causes a depth of water to be smaller than it really is.

### How does water affect the viewer's image of an object that is above the water's surface?

Any light rays crossing the air-water border will be refracted, that is, bent. So, objects above the water will appear displaced. In other words, they will appear to be where they are not. You can see this phenomenon by placing a pencil in a glass of water. The pencil appears broken and discontinuous. This optical illusion is due to refraction.

### Who has broken the glass change into passive voice?

By whom has the glass been broken?

### Why can't you write on glass with pencil?

Glass is harder than the "lead", actually mostly graphite, in a pencil. Therefore, the glass can not be deformed by a pencil sufficiently to produce an adherent layer of graphite, as is required for writing.