The Red Guards are a group of students and young workers who follow the teachings of Mao Zedong. The Red Guards would visit universities and other schools and spred the teachings of Mao Zedong. All who refused would be beaten… Full Answer
Mao Zedong was the one that started and made the influence, but the real people that took action were his Red Guards, or the students that come from "Red" families. These Red Guards were the real followers of Mao.