Results for: alkylating

What is an alkylating agent?

An alkylating agent is a compound that's capable to replace a hydrogen for an alkyl group to a specific place on a molecule. Alkylating agents attacks mostly on a nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur. Common alkylating agents are: Methyl iodide(or other… Full Answer

What is an alkylator?

An alkylator is an any agent which helps to add one or more alkyl groups to a compound in the process of reacting with an alkylating agent, espcially one which alkylates a nucleic acid. Full Answer

What is oil refining?

Oil refining is the process of distilling oil and then further reforming, catalytic cracking, hydrofining, blending, and sometimes coking, hydrocracking, alkylating various fractions of the distilled oil. Full Answer

How can women become infertile?

Age, smoking, Sexually Transmitted Infections, diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, exposure to toxins or radiation, certain genetic mutations, ovarian cysts, hypothalamic dysfunction, chlamydia, uterine or tubal diseases, certain cancers, and being overweight or underweight can all affect fertility. Chemotherapies with… Full Answer

What are the main ingredient in lachrymator?

The ingredients mainly include OC, CS, CR, CN (phenacyl chloride), nonivamide, bromoacetone, xylyl bromide and syn-propanethial-S-oxide (from onions). The security of CS is much better than CN, and the irritation is more strong. OC and nonivamide are natural, non-toxic agents… Full Answer

Where is methanoic used?

Methanoic (Formic) Acid is used for: decalcifier reducer in dyeing for wool fast colours dehairing and plumping hides tanning electroplating coagulating rubber latex silage and grain preservation additive in regenerating old rubber solvents of perfume lacquers alkylating agent for alcohols… Full Answer

What are the type of mutagen and its action?

broadly classified into chemical and radiative mutagens. Chemical mutagens are classified as alkylating agents, cross-linking agents, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Alkylating agents act by adding molecular components to DNA bases, which alters the protein product. Cross-linking agents create covalent… Full Answer

What is Cetrimonium chloride?

Quaternary ammonium compounds are any of a group of ammonium salts in which organic radicals have been substituted for all four hydrogens of the original ammonium cation. They has a central nitrogen atom which is joined to four organic radicals… Full Answer

Is leukemia a bacterial or viral?

Viral. Excerpted from Wikipedia, Leukemia: "Adult T-cell leukemia is caused by human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV), a virus similar to HIV. Among adults, the known causes are natural and artificial ionizing radiation, a few viruses such as Human T-lymphotropic virus, and… Full Answer

What are the Five major types of alkylating agents?

žNitrogen mustards: such as mechlorethamine (nitrogen mustard), chlorambucil, Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), ifosfamide, and melphalan ž žNitrosoureas:streptozocin, carmustine (BCNU), and lomustine žAlkyl sulfonates: busulfan ž žTriazines: dacarbazine (DTIC) and temozolomide (Temodar) ž žEthylenimines: thiotepa and altretamine (hexamethylmelamine) žThe platinum drugs (cisplatin, carboplatin… Full Answer

What is mustard gas?

Mustard gas or 1,5-dichloro-3-thiapentane is a yellow-green substance that has been used during chemical warfare since 1917. It gets its popular name from the odour it gives off in its impure gaseous state, similar to that of mustard or horseradish… Full Answer

List of all drugs which cross blood brain barrier?

Drug Class Generic Name (Trade Name) Absorption Distribution Elimination Alkylating Agents melphalon (Alkeran) oral - variably and incompletely absorbed from the GI tract, decreased in presence of food moderately high protein binding, Vz 0.5 l/kg deactivated in plasma by hydrolysis… Full Answer

What is a list of all 10 letter words?

There are more than 20,000. Here are some that start with A: aardwolves, abacterial, abandoners, abandoning, abasements, abashments, abatements, abbreviate, abdicating, abdication, abdicators, abducentes, abductions, abductores, aberrances, aberrantly, aberration, abeyancies, abhorrence, abiogenist, abjections, abjectness, abjuration, ablatively, abnegating, abnegation, abnegators, abnormally… Full Answer