Includes bacterial/viral illnesses from a mother to her baby either while the baby is still in the uterus, during the delivery process, or shortly after birth. Maternal infection may cause complications at birth.
A baby born to a woman with chlamydia may be infected at birth. Children can get perinatal eye infections or pneumonia from chlamydia. The silver nitrate eyedrops used to prevent infection with gonorrhea at birth are not effective against chlamydia.
The top 10 critical illnesses of the world include cancer, malaria, tuberculosis, diarrheal disease, and perinatal conditions. Also included is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV/AIDS, lower respiratory infection, stroke, and heart disease.
Natal is the adjective meaning newborn. Prenatal means the period before being born. And perinatal means the period around being born. It contains the last weeks of fetal age and the first days of the newborn age.