Battle of Antietam

With 23,000 casualties, the Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history. It was also the first Civil War battle to take place in Northern territory. The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862, in Maryland. It is also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. Ask questions about Antietam here.

2,335 Questions

What was life like for young engaged women living on a plantation during the Civil War?

All the women had to do all the cooking, cleaning, planting and every other job she did before and the ones the men did. Women had to do every single job that had to be done when their husband left to serve.

Events leading up to the Battle of Antietam?

The Battle of South Mountain(Boonesborough) was a precursor to the Battle of Sharpsburg(Antietam). McClellan attacked Lee's Army blocking him from going any farther north,so Lee ordered his Army to concentrate at Sharpsburg.

What were William Few's views on slavery?

William Few owned many slaves. A bill of sale was found from when he bought 70 slaves in 1767.

Where was the Battle of Antietam fought during the U.S. Civil War?

The Battle of Antietam was fought near the town of Shrapsburg, Maryland. The battle is named "Antietam" based on a creek nearby the main battlefield.

How long did the Battle of Antietam take place?

Battle of Antietam took place only for one day in Sharpsburg, Maryland. it was the single bloodiest day in American History. There were 23,000 dead, missing, or wounded combined for both sides.

What did the south call the Battle of Antietam?

Sharpsburg...correct. All you have to know when figuring the names of Civil War battles is that the South would name the battle for the nearest town, while the north would name the battle after the closest body of water...

e.g. Shiloh= Pittsburgh Landing...

Who is the leaders of the Battle of Antietam?

Confederate: Robert E. Lee ,,, Union: George B. McClellan

Why did Robert e lee lead the confederate army into Maryland and the Battle of Antietam?

Robert E. lee led his Army of Northern Virginia into Maryland for several reasons:1. He wanted to forestall any Union assault on Richmond. By moving north he would force the Army of the Potomac to abandon any plans for invading Virginia; and

2. Lee also believed that he would have the opportunity to crush the Army of the Potomac and destroy it in detail; and

3. By doing this, the Union would be in chaos and the chances for a peace settlement was possible.

What was the South's strategy after Antietam?

The South's strategies after Antietam were centered around delaying the Union as much as possible while persuading England, France, and Netherlands to recognize them as a nation. The South also wanted to hold out two more years until the 1864 elections, when they were sure that Lincoln could be ousted and the war ended. Militarily, they planned at least one more attempt at invading the north in an effort to topple Lincoln militarily.

The success of any of these three strategies would have likely resulted in an independent Confederacy and continuation of slavery for at least another generation.

Why did both the Confederate and Union forces burn private homes and fields in the aftermath of battles?

To deprive enemy forces who may follow after them _ as well as supporters of the enemy _ food and shelter. It also served as an effective terror weapon, as used by Union General Tecumshah Sherman in his campaign of devastation as he marched through the South, stealing at will whatever his troops could use and destroying anything they could not. Also, in previous wars, as well as perhaps this one, it was used to discourage retreat or desertation. If troops leave no food or shelter behind them, as well as an extremely unhappy civilian population, then the troops are less likely to attempt to desert or retreat.

Why did the Battle of Antietam had a positive effect on northern morale while the battle at Fredericksburg and Chancellorville had negative effect?

The battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg prevented the Confederacy's Army of Northern Virginia under Gen. Lee from invading the northern states. The battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville were Confederate victories preventing the US forces from taking the Confederate capital of Richmond.

Why was the Battle of Antietam so important?

The Battle of Antietam was an important battle in the US Civil War. Even though Lee had to retreat, the battle was a technical draw. The battle was important for other reasons as well, however, the main importance of the battle was to show the North that it could be invaded by a smaller army than the Union fielded during the battle. The so-called avenue of the Emancipation Proclamation was really a side issue in terms of the military situation at that time.

Who won the Battle of Antietam?

Winner at Antietam

In this battle the Union Army won. We know this because Lee started the retreat back to the Potomac River. When this battle ended it changed the course of the war, now the war was not only to support the Union, it also wanted to free the slaves. The slaves were freed when Lincoln gave the Emancipation Proclamation. Also one of the reasons this battle started was because the south wanted recognition from Europe and when the North won this battle it caused Great Britain to think twice before joining the Confederacy.
This was a Union victory albeit a very close outcome and some historians consider it a draw. It was good enough to embolden Abraham Lincoln, who needed a victory, and he issued the Emancipation Proclamation shortly after the battle.
The Union - only by chance, but it was a decisive victory. It gave Lincoln the credibility to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, which kept Britain out of it.
The Union won a strategic victory in the Battle of Antietam. The battle was fought on September 17, 1862.

How long did the Battle of Antietam take?

The battle proper lasted ONE DAY (Sept 17, 1862, beginning at dawn), though there was some skirmishing the next day. This day, incidentally, was the bloodiest single day of the Civil War or, for that matter, the bloodiest single day in any American war.

What was one of the reasons General Robert E Lee raided Maryland in 1862?

There were several reasons that the Army of Northern Virginia invaded Maryland in 1862. Based on the question, one reason was to remind the North that there were no "safe zones" in this war. Union military leaders were certainly aware of the fact that Virginia's border with the Potomac River and that Maryland was exposed to a Southern offensive, might one day result in an attempted invasion of the North. The invasion also was a demonstration that Washington DC might always be a target for the South as the war progressed.

Did Antietam have a union victory or a draw?

Union victory.

However they failed to pursue and destroy the Confederates, and McClellan was fired.

What were the union victories of 1863?

Vicksburg, Gettysburg and Chattanooga (and one could probably include Burnside's successful defence of Knoxville as well). Stones River, Wauhatchie, and Collierville (Tenn) Champions Hill, Grand Gulf, Port Gibson (Miss)

Where did the US Civil War Battle of Antietam take place?

The Battle of Antietam took place near the Antietam Creek, near Sharpsburg, Maryland in September of 1862. This was the first time Confederate General Lee took his forces into Union territory. Maryland was a slave state that remained in the Union. It was one of the bloodiest battles in American history. Union General Burnside, under the command of General George B. McClellan forced Lee back into Virginia as a result of the battle. Not long afterwards US President Lincoln visited General McClellan to see the battlefield itself.

Why was the Battle of Antietam important to the Emancipation proclamation?

The Battle of Antietam was very important to the Emancipation Proclamation because it was the final battle of the Civil War. The treaty was signed at Antietam Courthouse and the Emancipation Proclamation declared slaves free, which was the whole point in the Civil War.

How did the union army find the confederacy's battle plans before the Battle of Antietam?

A Confederate officer had dropped a set of Lee's orders in the field, where they were found by Northern troops and brought to the attention of McClellan.

By chance, one of McClellan's aides was able to recognise the handwriting of the Confederate General who had signed the orders, confirming that they were genuine.

McClellan was sure he could destroy Lee's widely scattered divisions, one by one. Unfortunately, a Confederate spy in the camp was able to alert Lee, and McClellan did not move quickly enough to prevent Lee concentrating his forces at Antietam Creek.

The battle was Northern victory, but not the full knock-out blow it should have been.

How have the Gettysburg Battle and Antietam Battle influenced the US in the past and the present?

Both Antietam and Gettysburg represent the two most serious efforts by the South to bring the war North. By failing to win a decisive victory, the South's chance at winning independence from the North diminished. Some call Gettysburg, the high water mark of the Confederacy. On the same day Pickett's charge failed, Vicksburg also surrendered, from that point onward it was all downhill for the South.

What step did Lincoln announce after the Battle of Antietam?

Freeing the slaves in the Confederacy.

Lincoln issued the first Emancipation Proclamation shortly after the Battle of Antietam. It would take effect January 1, 1863.

This did not effect any European power from formal recognition. least of all the world's most powerful empire with millions of "Native Peoples " under their control. One can call it forced labor. The British had already given the Confederacy "de facto " recognition as it had a constitution, a government and an army.