Berlin Wall

The Berlin wall divided East and West Berlin. It represented the split in both the country of Germany and the division of Europe into two distinct armed camps.

3,920 Questions

Why was the Berlin Wall built?

To prevent the escape from the east to the west.

Who did the Berlin Wall help?

It didn't really help anybody.

The issue was that after World War II, the Allies divided Germany into administrative zones, with different members of the Allies having responsibility for different zones.

This was done for the country as a whole, and more pertinently, for Berlin specifically.

Berlin happened to be within the Soviet (USSR) administrative zone, but because unlike other cities it was portioned out separately, parts of Berlin ("West Berlin") were administered by countries other than the USSR.

When the Soviet-controlled zone became a separate (communist) country from the rest of Germany, that meant there was a tiny region of democracy within soviet East Germany. (The other zones merged into West Germany. Technically, West Berlin was not actually a part of West Germany but a separate administrative area; however, they behaved in essentially every practical way as if they were part of West Germany, even to the extent of having their legislature vote to approve all laws passed by West Germany without debate.)

Many people decided they'd rather live in a democratic country than a socialist one (that's little-d democratic as in "democracy", not big-d Democratic as in "the Democratic party." Thought I should mention that to make it clear there was an actual difference between the two.).

And, since Berlin was kind of right there, people started streaming in.

The USSR didn't like this, so they built a wall to keep it from happening. (Also, they were somewhat offronted by the very concept of "West Berlin," and hoped they'd be able to basically starve the people into agreeing to become part of East Germany... this didn't work because of the Berlin Airlift, where other countries sent food to West Berlin by plane; the USSR didn't want actual war with other countries, particularly not the US, so while they could and did stop trucks from traveling through East Germany to get to Berlin, they couldn't really just shoot the planes down.)

In the general collapse of the Iron Curtain countries under the weight of Soviet mismanagement in the late 20th century, the wall was mostly torn down and the two Germanies reunited into a single country.

So, temporarily, it helped the Soviets keep control of East Germany and not continually lose people to West Germany, by providing a physical barrier making it harder for them to simply stroll across the border. But in the long run, it was ultimately futile.

What is an Iron Curtain country?

An "Iron Curtain" country was a Communist country in Europe. These included the Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Except for Yugoslavia, all these countries were members of the Warsaw Pact.

Iron curtain was a metaphor coined by Winston Churchill to describe the division between the free countries of Western Europe and those of Eastern Europe which were dominated by the Soviet Union under communism. I suppose that an iron curtain country would be one which was behind that curtain, i.e. in Eastern Europe. Some of those would be Poland, Romania, East Germany, and the Soviet Union itself.

The Iron Curtain countries were also known as the Eastern Bloc. Added to the countries above should be Czechoslovakia ( now the Czech Rep. and Slovakian rep.) Bulgaria and Hungary. These communist countries established the Warsaw Pact in opposition to NATO. Though not formally part of either the Eastern Bloc or Warsaw Pact Albania was beyond the Iron Curtain. Whilst Communist, Yugoslavia refused to align with Stalin's wishes, and so distanced itself from the USSR and the Warsaw Pact/Eastern Bloc states.

The Iron Curtain marked the political division of Europe for the forty years or so following the end of WW2 and roughly followed the furthest point of advance by the Allied armies eastwards and the Red army westwards. Basically, where the armies stopped marked the split in Europe. The exception to this being Austria which was mostly liberated by the Red Army who then withdrew in the 1950's. So it was also the physical division of Europe into two spheres - the division marked by a fortified border between east and west making traveling between the two for ordinary people almost impossible. Nowhere was this more visible than in Berlin where a wall separated east and west (often dividing streets and even apartment blocks). Desperate to be free of communist oppression many East Germans tried to cross to the west over the wall. Most were shot in the process.

Ironically, the spontaneous dismantling of the Berlin Wall by east Berliners in 1989 led to the rapid collapse of the communist system in Europe.

The beginning of the end of communism in Eastern Europe wasn't the opening of the Berlin Wall, but rather two events that happened in Hungary in 1989. In June, the Hungarian border command was reduced to a very small unit (something like a Western country's immigration service, rather than a full-blown Communist-style border-sealing unit) and they removed the barbed wire along the Austro-Hungarian border. This was mostly symbolic since the Hungarian premier had granted Hungarians full freedom of travel and started to move toward a democratic form of government, but it brought on the second act, which was NOT symbolic. Under Warsaw Pact rules, citizens of any Warsaw Pact country could travel to any other Warsaw Pact country. After the barbed wire was removed, a lot of East Germans figured they could go through Hungary, which was still a Warsaw Pact nation, to get to West Germany. When the East Bloc was still in operation, any East German who managed to escape to West Germany or the western sectors of Berlin was granted immediate West German citizenship. In September 1989, the Hungarian government announced they'd allow any Warsaw Pact resident to cross the Austro-Hungarian border. Next thing the DDR knew, all its best and brightest were in West Germany. The DDR complained, of course, only to be told by the Hungarians it wasn't the Hungarians' problem the East German government was still a bunch of commie bastards. The DDR government eventually got rid of its major stumbling block to liberalization by firing its dictator Erich Honecker, and the rest is history.

Why did the Cold War affect so many people?

The major reason it affected so many people was the propoganda machine. They scared the crap out of the American people. The cold war also brought upon the fear of nuclear weapons being used to blow up the United States of America or even the world. A nuclear holocaust. There was a general fear of communism created by propoganda which effected Americans through all aspects of media: radio, news, movies, cartoons, etc. you name it, and the anti-communism sentiment was included in all media outlets.

I'll add that this was NOT simply an American problem. Nuclear war would have killed the entire planet eventually. That tends to get EVERYBODY'S attention, worldwide.

When did the Berlin Wall fall?

The Berlin Wall is considered to have "fallen" in 1989. Border crossing points all along the wall were opened to anyone who wanted to cross on 9 November 1989, following the conclusion of an international press conference in East Berlin, when greater freedom of travel was announced for people of the German Democratic Republic (prior to this date, East Germans were only allowed to enter the West under strict conditions). Earlier that evening, the East German government spokesman, Günther Schabowski, had announced on TV that East Germans would be allowed to travel abroad freely but didn't announce the date when this would come into effect. A huge crowd gathered in Unter den Linden in East Berlin and simply demanded the right to cross into West Berlin. The guards at the Brandenburg Gate were at a loss as to what to do. In the end they decided to let people cross over and merely put a rubber stamp in their passports. Then the number reached the point where even that was no longer possible. The official demolition of the Berlin wall began on 13 June 1990, and was undertaken by former East German border guards under a democratically elected government.

(Note. Since 4 September 1989 there had been huge demonstrations (so-called Monday Demonstrations) against political repression and the regime demanding a wide range of reforms. The protest crystallized round the right to travel abroad. Until 9 November 1989 one could only travel to the West with the permission of the authorities).

What effect did the Berlin wall have on Germany?

The Berlin Wall divided East Berlin from West Berlin, walling in the Germans on the Eastern side so that they could not flee to the West and escape communism. The enabled the Soviet-controlled East German government to be even more oppressive. The conditions in the East continued to deteriorate while conditions in the West continued to improve. Much more could be said, but that's a quick answer. Perhaps someone else can add more. Actually, the above isn't strictly true. After the Berlin wall was built, Eastern Germany began to prosper because all of the skilled labour force had to remain on the Eastern side. Wester Germany did not benefit because of the above too. Their workforce was severely hindered. APEX_Western plans to create an independent West Germany

How was the Berlin Wall resolved?

The Berlin wall was resolved by a croud of people who went on for days tearing the wall down.

When was the construction of the Berlin Wall started?

August 13, 1961 and fell down in October 14 1989. Further information: The construction of the Berlin Wall began during the Cold War. Overnight on 13 August 1961, the East and Western halves of Berlin were separated by barbed wire fences up to 1.83 metres high. Over the next few days, troops began to replace the barbed wire with permanent concrete blocks, reaching up to 3.6m high. The government suthorities deemed it necessary to stop the influx of people moving from the eastern sector of Berlin into the free West. The wall began to come down around midnight on 9 November 1989, following the conclusion of an international press conference in East Berlin, when greater freedom of travel was announced for people of the German Democratic Republic. The official demolition of the Berlin wall began on 13 June 1990, and was undertaken by former East German border guards under a democratically elected government.

In what year was the Berlin Wall built?

It was built (or rather, started) on 13 August 1961. Construction of the Berlin Wall started on 13 August 1961. It separated East and West Berlin and plugged the last 'gap' in the Iron Curtain which divided Europe into two blocs. It remained in place till 9 November 1989. == ==

For more detail, see here: and the external links from that page. Although East Germany was already sealed off from West Germany, Berlin had an "open" border.

In 1961, East Germany closed the border and built the Wall dividing West Berlin from East Berlin. The area of East Berlin was the Sovjet zone, while West Berlin was compounded of the French, British and U.S. zones.

The Eastern Bloc, under the control of the USSR, fell in 1989, as did the infamous Wall". The next year, Germany celebrated Reunification (Oct. 3, 1990)

Who were Germany's allies during the Berlin Wall time period?

In 1949 the Western Allies established the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, aka as West Germany) and a few months later the Soviet Union set up the German Democratic Republic (GDR, aka as East Germany). Very quickly the two Germanies were integrated with their respective blocs. In the mid 1950s the FRG became a member of NATO and the GDR became a member of the Warsaw Pact. This should answer the question about allies. Within 11 months of the Fall of the Wall, the two Germanies reunited with the approval of the West and East in October 1990. Joncey

What did the opening of Berlin Wall signify?

The opening of the Berlin Wall signified the closing of the Cold War.

What kind of difficulties sorrow and dangers did it give rise to?

due to the construction of Berlin Wall many people of west Germany as well as of East Germany and east Berlin died......!from one angle it was right to construct Berlin wall as the population of West Germany was increasing and from one angle it was sad to construct it as many people died because of it....!

When did the Berlin Wall in Germany exist?

Construction of the wall began on August 13, 1961. Demolition began on November 9, 1989.

What was the significance of the Berlin Wall falling?

When the wall fell it ended the Cold War. Communism was no more in Eastern Europe, namely in Germany. It was greatly significant to the Berlin people, particularly those in East Berlin, because when the wall went up, it cut off East Berliners' only chance of escape to a better life apart from Communistic rule. West Berlin was quickly becoming one of the best European cities once again, while East Berlin had gone downhill drastically: economically, spiritually, and politically. When the wall fell it meant that the people of Berlin could once again be a whole city. West and East combined to make the complete city of Berlin once more. Although East Berlin has still not caught up completely to it's much wealthier and attractive counterpart in the West, the West has given greatly to its cause. It is becoming much easier to find jobs and a good home in East Berlin than it ever was, or was close to becoming when Communism ruled there. After the wall fell, many young people, and young families moved back into the city to start a new life, as well as many artsists of all kinds. There are still those in the East that wish communism was still there, but they are very much the minority. There is also still tension between the West and East due to how much the West has had to give up to help it's other half regain its health. Those in the West are still called Wessies and the Eastern Berliners are still called Ossies. There is now a double brick line on the streets of Berlin that traces where the wall once stood around West Berlin, as well as segments of the wall that still remain standing as a testament to what once happened in such a great city.

It marked the end of the Cold War in Europe.

Can your deductible be recovered from the vehicle that tore down your fence?

Whether it be a car accident or vandalism, the person who did it is responsible. Go for it! If the police were called in then go and get the information from them. They can tell what course to take so you can take action. Assuming the deductible pertains to the homeowner's insurance then it might be possible depending upon the terms of the policy. Generally the homeowner will have to sue the person who is responsible for the damages in order to obtain restitution. This type of claim is usually a matter for small claims court. The best way to find out your options is to contact your homeowner's claims department. I'm surprised that your homeowners insurance hasn't taken care of this for you. Most insurances will go after the auto insurance to get payment. If the owner of the vehicle is uninsured and has no resources you may be stuck with the deductible, otherwise YOUR insurance company should have taken care of everything for you. Check into this. If the car wasn't insured, be grateful for what you have. If the car WAS insured and your insurance company didn't take care of it ALL, change insurance companies.

When did the wall dividing Russia get torn down?

There was no wall that divided Russia. You could be referring to another wall, like the Berlin Wall, which divided Berlin, due to Russia involvement in Berlin, though Berlin is not in Russia. It started to come down in November 1989.

What did the Berlin Wall symbolize when it stood?

Soviet presence in Germany, the rise of Communism after WWII, separation of the German people, you get the idea.

When was the Berlin Wall built?

Construction of the Berlin Wall started on 13 August 1961. It separated East and West Berlin and plugged the last 'gap' in the Iron Curtain which divided Europe into two blocs. It remained in place till 9 November 1989.

How is the Berlin Wall and iron curtain alike?

They were both a separation of West and East; the Berlin Wall was seen as the 'physical' Iron Curtain that Winston Churchill had spoken of in his speech.

How is usage of a party wall determined?

A party wall is a fire resistant wall that separates two connected domiciles. Any changes to the party wall need to fit the fire code. The regulations can be very specific in the area so check the local regulations. It is best to see if there are laws that set out the rules which apply to party walls. In England there is a long legal history so the regulations have been codified. How a notice has to be served to the other party who shares the wall and other things are spelled out.

When was the Berlin Wall built and why?

The Berlin Wall was built in 1952, because the leader of the Soviet Union lived in Eastern Berlin, and is Mother in Law lived in Western Berlin. You probably can already see where this is going, so there were a number of things that this mother in law did, that were absolutely annoying like: Nagging, she's really good at that, and not calling before dropping by for a surprise visit. So he came up with a genius plan to some way separate him and his wife from the witch. So he constructed all of his hard working minions to built a large, massive wall, even larger than her fat ego. After many long hard days in about a week, the wall finally came to a conclusion just like this story, the mother in law complained about it, but oh well, her voice doesn't travel that far past the thick concrete wall. :) and that was the end of the headaches.


The Wall wasn't built until 1961. The GDR began building it 13 August 1961. It separated the East from the West and was erected to prevent citizens of Eastern Germany from escaping.