Black Death (Plagues)

The Black Death, an outbreak of bubonic plague, was one of the deadliest pandemics in Human History. It forever changed the face of Europe. It led to a new way of thinking and dealt a serious blow to the Roman Catholic Church.

10,906 Questions

What is the meaning of Ring around the Rosie?

Ring around the Rosie, A pocket full of Posies, Ashes Ashes we all fall down.

Ring around the Rosie is a children's song sung with smiling, laughing and hand-holding, but did you know it actually has very morbid roots? In the 13th century, the Black Death (also called the Black Plague) killed so many people, many thought it was the end of the world. The nursery rhyme "Ring around the Rosie" came about during the time of the Black Death.

Here are what the lyrics mean:

Ring around the rosie is a reference to the black sores that would appear on your body as part of the plague. Your "rosie" is around the center of the back of your hand.

A pocket full of posies is a reference to people would carrying posies (flowers) around to not smell the sickening scent of dead bodies everywhere.

Ashes Ashes signifies the ashes from all the bodies being burned on pyres. Bodies couldn't be buried or else the infection would spread.

We all fall down signifies death or people falling down to hell because of their harsh and cruel ways.

Where can you get a plague doctor mask for cheap?

Try making your own. Most Plague Doctor Masks I've found online are very expensive

A good tutorial can be found at the site below.

And to the original person who answered this -- google "plague doctor". Yes, people did wear masks.

Where did the Black Death first start and how?

The black death originated central Asia and spread to Europe. It started because of unclean rodents (hamsters etc.) who had infected fleas. The Black Death or Plague bacteria multiply inside the flea, blocking its stomach (nasty!!) and causing it to become very hungry. The flea then bites a host and continuously feeds on its victim (because it is unable to satisfy its hunger). During the feeding process, infected blood carrying the plague bacteria flows from the fleas' stomach into the open wound. The plague bacteria then has a new host,which unfortunately includes Humans, and the flea eventually dies from starvation. ==== It is believed by many that the disease started in China, whose merchant shipsbrought it west, to Sicily. Near Italy. It was carried by fleas that were living on rats. Once in Italy, it soon spread throughout the rest of Europe. ==== It began in Asia, Merchant ships Brought it to Sicily, near Italy, Carrying the Bubonic Plague to many countries of Europe. Then spread through Europe and Asia killing about 50 million people in all. The Black Death or the Bubonic Plague and its Medieval World history and origins The deadly disease has been with man and part of world and medieval history for a very long time. It has claimed nearly 200 MILLION lives. The first recorded epidemic of the Black Death / Bubonic Plague was in Europe during the 6th Century. The disease truly became pandemic in 1328 - the medieval period of the history of the world. During this period a third of the world population died. We tend to associate the history of this terrible disease with Europe however it originated in the Gobi Desert. The Spread of the disease The disease spread throughout the Western world and reached pandemic proportions due to changes in lifestyle - people were moving from the country villages to highly populated towns. The formation of major cities and increased travel by various world civilisations, the disease rapidly spread throughout Asia. The Black Death (Bubonic Plague) followed the Trade Routes. The Trade routes provided access to all corners of the known world. The increased use of the trade routes ensured that the disease spread throughout the World. We should also remember that it was not just Europe and Africa that were devastated by the deadly disease. Countries such as China suffered horrendously from the 1328 outbreak with their population dropping from 125 million to 90 million during just the middle half of 14th century.

How many people died during the Black Death?

Estimates put the death toll of the Black Death or plague around 25 Million, or 25-50% of the population of Europe. The plague was first noted in 1347 and carried on for about 3 or 4 years until 1350/51. It is hard to say exactly how many were killed per year, but based on the above information I would estimate about 8.33 Million died each year during the plagues prominence in Europe. ANSWER This much is true for Europe. When it came to the world, the total death toll was roughly 75 million people.

What causes palms to be black?

Black(or dark) palm is a sign that death is imminent. It could also be a reaction to a medication or foreign substance in your body.

What is the surest sign of death?

The person is not breathing, there is no heartbeat or pulse.

How did the black death disease start?

The Black Death was a massive plague, named: The Bubonic Plague; which spread through Britain and the rest of Europe in the mid 14th century, killing nearly half of the population; including farm animals, like: sheep, cows and chickens.

From the start to the end of the Black Death, the population decreased by around 1.8 million people. Due to minimal pay, lack of hygiene and nutrition, peasants especially had a tough time defending against the spread of the infectious disease.

How were children affected by the black death?

Well, children were abandoned by their parents, and had no where to go. They were killed by the pestilence, and of starvation.

How would medical science treat black death?

Modern physicians use antibiotics such as streptomycin, gentamicin, doxycycline, or ciprofloxacin in combination with oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support. Someone in California presented with this condition as recently as August 2020 and was treated and recovered fully.

Why did the plague doctor were the costume?

the thick leather gloves and coat were used as a way of protecting the doctor so they wouldn't get the plague by touch. the mask was and early gas mask, the beak of the mask would be filled with rose petal and other herbs to dispel what they called "bad air" would be cleansed before the doctors breathed it in. they also carried a stick so the Would not have to touch plague victims.

What happened in Iceland during the Black Plague?

The Black Plague did not affect Iceland until 1402; Fifty years after the original Black Death eruption. This may indicate it was a different strain of disease. It killed around 50% of Iceland's inhabitants.


Total death count for the bubonic plague?

~Death Toll~

40% of Egypt's population

50% of Paris's population

60% of Hamburg's and Bremen's population

110,000 or 120,000 inhabitants in 1338 to 50,000 in 1351 ~ Florence, Italy

around 35% in Germany

80% of Europe

60 major and 150 smaller Jewish communities had been destroyed

How did the Black Death contribute to the peasant's revolt of the 14th Century?

The short answer is economics. The tremendous loss of population resulted in a severe labor shortage. That caused wages to rise, and hence prices rose. The nobility, who owned most of the land, enacted laws to keep wages low. That meant the peasants were faced with low wages but high prices for basics like food. That pushed them in to desperate straights. Thus they revolted. there were other factors at work which make it more complicated than that, but that is the simple answer.

Where in Europe did the Black Death epidemic occur?

The Black Death occurred from 1347-1353. It killed more than 1/3 of Europe's population alone, carried by fleas on rats.

It probably came from merchants that arrived from China.

The sea ports were hit first-- Sicily, near Italy. Like the Renaissance, from Italy it soon spread throughout Europe. Unlike the Renaissance, it brought with it poverty, confusion, and chaos.

Remember Monty Python's "Bring out yer dead!"? That is believed to be a joke that arose from cartdrivers who would go around collecting corpses during the Bubonic Plague (Black Death).

Hope that helps.

How did people think that the Black Death was spread?

  • The Black Death began to spread when people started moving or visiting different towns and the people that were already sick would pass it on the the people in that town and then other people would move and go to a different town. That's how it started to spread by people moving that were already sick.
  • The Black Death started in China and then spread through whole Central Asia and Middle East. It is believed that it entered Europe through sea trade routes in Italy, especially Venitian. They are numerous documents in Latin, Arabic and Chinese that has make scientists and historian able to track the spread of the disease and we are now well informed about it. In Europe, the Black Death killed around 30% of the whole population.

Where did they use to bury people in the middle ages?

The medieval burial sites I have seen were all in church yards. I am sure there were others, but people would have wanted to be buried in sacred ground, all over Europe, so I would guess church yards would have been most common.

How does the black death get into your body?

The usually way for the bacteria causing Black Death to get into a person's body was by being put there by a flea, as it bit. Sometimes, people got a form of the black death that spread through tiny droplets of liquid that were coughed up, and these would get into the lungs of people nearby, making them sick as well.

What was the Black Death?

AnswerThe Black Death was very dangerous and contagious and destroyed 2/3's of Europe's population and it killed people in a strange manner. People who weren't affected went crazy in fear of catching it and the people who caught it usually died within 7 days. In those times doctors were not very advanced and they mostly believed in superstition, so 70% of people who caught it died. It was slow and painful.

This was very dangerous as it spread all over the world and many people were at risk of catching it. The people who didn't catch it were very few and were very lucky. The Black Death was so dangerous that even kings and the people of the highest positions were in danger of catching it. Nothing could stop it and nothing could stop it spreading.

People in those times were very superstitious and believed it was a punishment from God. So flagellates stood in the streets and whipped themselves and said it was cleaning them of their sins. The Kings also believed this and sent out their men to whip the people in the streets to clean them of the sins to so the Black Death would come to a halt. Overall, the Black Death was a very painful disease once caught. It wiped out 2/3's of the Europe's population, destroyed the feudal system, killed people in a painful way and was driving the people crazy.

And it was REALLY bad, also, the song, "Ring a Round a Rosie" was named after it

AnswerThe Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was a pandemic that swept through Europe between 1346 and sporadically until the late 1700's; peaking between 1347-1351. As it ravaged Europe the Black Death killed anywhere from 25-50 million Europeans and severely damaged Europe socially and economically. The drop in population also had the effect of reducing the available supply of labour; increasing wages and decreasing the ability to impose feudalism and serfdom on peasants.

The plague was transmitted by infected fleas carried by the very common Black Rat. The flea would bite the infected rat, and the deadly bacteria would grow in its system. When the flea bit a human, the flea's saliva and the bacteria would enter the bloodstream. Or, in the case of the Pneumonic form of the plague, drops of bacteria-infected saliva were inhaled.

In Medieval Europe, sanitation was virtually nonexistent, cities were crowded and filthy, and hunger was prevalent-the perfect environment for disease to spread. With no idea what the cause of the plague was, people turned to religious beliefs, and sometimes folk superstition. Many believed that the Black Death was God's judgment on Europe's sin.

The plague manifested itself in three basic forms, with varying degrees of fatality. The most common was the swelling of the lymph nodes (tissue around the throat, armpits, and groin). The skin around the site of the swelling would first redden and then darken, and the victim would suffer nausea and very high fever. 30-80% of victims died, most of which within a week.

The second most common manifestation of the plague was the Pneumonic form, which attacked the lungs. People hit by this would cough up blood with phlegm, which would eventually thin to liquid consistency and become bright red. High fever also accompanied this. The mortality rate was extremely high: 90-95%.

The third and rarest form was the septicemic plague, which was also the most deadly at almost 100% mortality rate. In its worst form, the skin would swell and blacken due to blood clots blocking veins and arteries. Victims often died the same day symptoms appeared.

It was 229 years after the Great Plague dealt London such a terrible blow that the probable cause of the disease was discovered. In 1894, during an epidemic in Hong Kong, two rival research teams - one led by the Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato and the other by the Frenchman Alexandre Yersin, a former pupil of Louis Pasteur - isolated the bacillus Pasteurella pestis (now called Yersinia pestis) that is responsible for plague.

Further research showed that this was a disease of black rats and other rodents, spread by their fleas. When all the rats died, the fleas would frantically look for new hosts: human beings. The plague bacillus is extremely virulent. Laboratory mice die after being infected with just three bacilli - and fleas can disgorge up to 24,000 in one bite.

See related link for more information on the Black Death.
The Black Death occured in 1347 AD. The Black death is another name for the plague. It got this name because of the characteristic Black spots and/or "Buboes" that appeared on the body on the armpit after infection (buboes only appeared if the person had Bubonic plague, one of the three forms).

The Black Death was very dangerous and catchy and destroyed 2/3's of the world's population and it killed people in a wild way and people who weren't affected went crazy in fear of catching it and the people who caught it usually died within 5 days after you caught it. In those times doctors were not very advanced and they mostly believed in superstition, so people who caught it 70% of them died. It was a slow but very painful way of dying.

This was very dangerous as it spread all over the world and many people were at risk of catching it. The people who didn't catch it were very few and were very lucky. The Black Death was so dangerous that even kings and the people of the highest positions were in danger of catching it. Nothing could stop it and nothing could perevnt it from spreading.

People in those times were very superstitious and believed it was a punishment from God. So flagellants stood in the streets and whipped themselves and said it was cleansing them from their sins. The Kings also believed this and sent out there men to whip the people in the streets to clean them of the sins so the Black Death would come to a halt.

It is caused by bacteria carried by fleas from mice or rats; when they bite you they insert the disease into your system or bloodstream and it will kill you in no more than five days or if your lucky you may survive (only if your buboe pops naturally)/

Overall, the Black Death was a very painful disease once caught. It wiped out 2/3's of the world's population, destroyed the feudal system, killed people in a painful way and was driving the people crazy. It lasted for a long period of 4 years. It began in 1347 and lasted until 1351in that period it wiped out 2/3's of the worlds population.

For more information on the five stages of the black death then search it above on the ask a question box.
The Black Death was one of the deadliest pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe between 1348 and 1350. It is widely thought to have been an outbreak of bubonic plague caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, but this view has recently been challenged. Usually thought to have started in Central Asia, it had reached the Crimea by 1346. From there, probably carried by fleas residing on the black rats that were regular passengers on merchant ships, it spread throughout the Mediterranean and Europe.

The Black Death is estimated to have killed 30% to 60% of Europe's population, reducing the world's population from an estimated 450 million to between 350 and 375 million in 1400. This has been seen as creating a series of religious, social and economic upheavals which had profound effects on the course of European history. It took 150 years for Europe's population to recover. The plague returned at various times, resulting in a larger number of deaths, until it left Europe in the 19th century.

What did buboes look like?

Buboes were enlarged lymphnotic glands. They are mostly located on the neck, under the arms and around the groin. Buboes looked like bumps. Almost as if you stuck a ball underneath your skin. The buboes became black because they were filled with blood and other bodily fluids. This is how the Bubonic Plague (Black Death) got its name.

What are buboes or bubo?

Buboes are apple sized balls that appear around the armpit, neck, and groin, when suffering from the black death, they will kill you in the matter of 3-4 days :)

What affect did the Black Death have on medieval society?

Frankly, I don't put too much stock in the theory that the Black Death broke feudal ties, I honestly think it had more to do with the inability of the lords to actually protect the serfs from invading armies which always seemed to be rampaging around. Nevertheless I have read where the relative scarcity of labor drove up wages which attracted serfs (who were theoretically bound to the land) to seek employment in the cities. Another factor is the rise of large kings like Edward the I who actually made laws weakening feudal ties. By weakening feudal ties, it actually made the English monarchy stronger since it wouldn't permit a vassal to ever get stronger (and thus be in a position to challenge the king for authority). Having watched a number of documenataries on this era recently I believe it was because there was a chronic shortage of labourers as most died off. The life of the surviving labourers etc improved a fair bit as they could pick and choose who they would work for and the only way a landowner could get his land worked was by paying a bit more than the others, or at least charging less rent to have the priveledge of working on their land !. At least this was the case in Britain. However it was short lived in the most part but did bring about some changes to the benefit of workers but I suggest you research further.

Why was the peasants revolt significant?

The Peasants' Revolt of 1381 brought the bad economic conditions of working people to the attention of the ruling class of England. The people were upset because of generally bad conditions worsened by heavy and inconsistent taxation. They rose all across England, but particularly in London. They were defeated, but they showed they had the potential to be a serious threat to a complacent establishment. Although the revolt did not have a beneficial immediate result, it lead to more careful consideration of disenfranchised people.

How did people deal with the black death?

Roast the shells of newly laid eggs. Ground the roasted shells into a powder. Chop up the leaves and petals of marigold flowers. Put the egg shells and marigolds into a pot of good ale. Add treacle and warm over a fire. The patient should drink this mixture every morning and night.

The streets should be cleaned of all human and animal waste. It should be taken by a cart to a field outside of the village and burnt. All bodies should be buried in deep pits outside of the village and their clothes should also be burnt.