Blacksmiths forge hot iron or steel into other objects. They create weapons such as swords, decorative items such as benches, or practical items such as horseshoes. Blacksmiths tend to have a good deal of upper body strength, due to swinging large hammers and dealing with heavy objects.

1,445 Questions

Where did blacksmiths work in the middle ages?

Many, probably most, blacksmiths worked on the manorial estates. There is a lot of call for everything from horse shoes to scythe blades on the manors. The smithies were often at the edge of villages. There may have been smithies in towns, but finer work was done by people with a greater level of specialization that blacksmiths, and so the shops in town would tend to be of a different sort. For example, cutlers made spoons, knives, forks, and other kitchen and dining tools, and armorers made armor, swords, and arrow heads.

Where do blacksmiths fit in middle age society?

Blacksmiths often worked on manorial estates, and were originally serfs, though they may have been more highly regarded than other serfs. Later on, they were often independent members of the middle class.

What are some famous blacksmiths names?

The names of some blacksmiths are unknown. You would possibly have to go on the internet and look up medieval. Read a little into that.

Why do blacksmiths make metal horseshoes?

It's so that horses can travel on roads without their natural hoves wearing down. Metal shoes will take a lot more time to wear down, meaning that the horses can travel on harder surfaces for longer without any issues.

What is a blacksmith?

A blacksmith is a person who forges iron, or an informal term for a person who shoes horses. A blacksmith can also refer to a blackish fish of the Pacific coast.

What do you mean by Blacksmith's Forge Welding?

Forge welding is the process of heating to pieces of steel or iron to its molten state and join them by striking them with a hammer.

To forge weld two pieces of steel:

  1. Round the two pieces of steel where it is to be welded. (Called scarfing)
  2. Heat the two pieces of steel until the steel is bright red wire brush the area to be welded to remove contaminates from the area to be welded
  3. Coat the area to be welded with flux. (this seals the area to be welded and prevents oxygen reacting with the area to be welded "20 mule team borax" or clean sand, works well for flux)
  4. Heat the scarfed flux area until it is in a molten state quickly and lightly tap the two scarf pieces together.
  5. If everything has been done properly then the two pieces will be welded together. Joint cohesion can reach as high as 98%. Then there are some days when even though you thought that you did everything the dam thing won't stick.

Where did medieval blacksmith's apprentices sleep?

An apprentice to a village or town blacksmith would often come from the same village or town, so he would sleep at the family home where he had been raised. Some may have slept in the smithy, rising very early in the morning to start the fire in the forge and get it up to temperature for the smith.

How much did Medieval blacksmiths get paid?

A blacksmith earned a bit more than a paid laborer, perhaps two to three times as much. This was typically 3 to 5 pence per day, which may not sound like much but was a living.

What did blacksmiths do during California gold rush?

be a blacksmith there werethe ones that were really getting rich because everyone was buying supplies to get gold even though less than 10% of people that went to search for gold didn't find any

If an item cost 450 dollars in 1969 what would it cost in 2007?

The website "" calculates the consumer price index, and converts dollar amounts in a given year to the value of those dollars in another year. According to its calculations, $450.00 in 1969 would be equivalent to $2,491.65 in 2007.

What tools did first century blacksmiths use?

  • The blacksmith's forge in older times ran on hard anthracite coal or ordinary charcoal and was often fanned by an apprentice-powered bellows. Solitary smiths depended on hand-cranked blowers to intensify the fire. Antiques and old plans can still be found to outfit a shop in the old way, but other options abound. Some build forges from junk, while others invest in clean gas-fired furnaces. The quality of the fire is more important than looks or price.

  • A good anvil is not just a necessity---it's likely to be the smith's first major expense. Occasionally old anvils can still be purchased at auction, but a need for scrap steel during WWII used up most of this country's supply. New steel anvils are expensive both because of the limited market and the expense of shipping, but are not difficult to find. Cast iron anvils and small farrier's anvils are even more common but their potential is limited. A smith should buy the best, but even a section of railroad track is a way to begin.

  • Literally there are no limits to the variety of hammers a smith will need, but a two pound ball peen is enough to start out. Beginners should use a hammer light enough to control and move up to heavier tools as strength and skill improve. A good general purpose hammer will have a wide and slightly convex face--specialty hammers come in many shapes used for flattening, fullering and driving the many chisels and chasing tools of the trade.

  • Working with hot steel requires many different types of tongs for holding the work securely on the anvil as it's forged. Tongs with flat jaws, narrow jaws, and jaws with special purpose shapes for holding odd stock will all be essential for specific projects. One of the first lessons in smithing should be how to make a good pair of blacksmith's tongs. Most smiths continue to make their own as needed.

  • A complete shop needs much more than the basic tool set. A solid workbench, assorted hardies (chisels or anvil blocks that fit the square socket in an anvil's face), a stout blacksmith's vise, grinding and polishing wheels, measuring tools, saws and drills will all be required. Using the basic equipment, most of a smith's tool set can be produced as a learning exercise. Purchasing advanced equipment like top and bottom swages---used for shaping and straightening long stock---or buying assorted patterning tools for decorative imprinting might be wiser than trying to produce perfect work yourself.

Why did colonial Pennsylvanians come to America?

Many, the Quakers in particular, were in search of Religious Freedom. Officially sanctioned 'State' religions made anyone not practicing them subject to persecution of various forms and degrees. And before the American Revolution, there were about 50,000 convicts transported from Britain and Ireland to the American colonies. The majority went to Maryland, Virginia or Pennsylvania.

Why would you expect to find cylinders of oxygen in blacksmiths workshops?

to help with breathing in hot temperatures or when gas or dust is released

Were the bankers or the blacksmiths richer in 1840?

the blacksmiths probably were richer because they helped the community run better with the tools they made

What is the function of the blacksmith's bellows?

A bellows blows air on to the fire. More air means that more oxygen is available to burn with the charcoal, coal or coke( The most common solid fuels for a blacksmith). The resulting fire burns hotter giving you the temperatures you need to soften the metal enough to shape it with a hammer.

Which types of substance did the blacksmiths help us to understand?

Black smiths worked with metals to make stronger and lighter swords and amour, fabric dryers learnt how to colour cloth, and potters decorated their work with glazes from the earth.

Were women blacksmiths in the Middle Ages?


no, women did not do that kind of work.


Actually, yes there were women who were blacksmiths and ferriers in the Middle Ages, as medieval records show.

There are a couple links below that might be helpful about this, one to a related question on the things medieval women did, the other being a link to a Wikipedia article on horses in the Middle Ages, a section relating to women.

Who is the Crippled Blacksmith god?

AnswerThe crippled blacksmith god was Hephaestus, god of blacksmithing.

His Roman equivalent is named Vulcan.

There is common thread for Crippled blacksmith Gods in a variety societies.

How did medieval blacksmiths acquire metal?

Some blacksmiths might actually have dug their own ore, but they probably got most of their metals from miners, refiners, or metals traders. They did a lot of recycling in the Middle Ages also.

Blacksmiths worked primarily with iron. The ore originated as lumps of bog iron (deposited of iron oxides found in swamps and produced by biochemical or chemical activity) and as haematite ores. The Japanese process of collecting black iron oxides from sand was not practiced.

The ore was turned into metal by heating and hammering the ore to drive out the impurities leaving the iron behind. As a consequence the iron had a low carbon content. Iron was worked from these "blooms" into the finished items.

iron was a valuable commodity. A man might own only a few kilograms of iron - enough for a few knives, tools or a bit of armour. As consequence iron was recycled and reused as many times as possible.