C-section, also called cesarean section, is an operation by which a fetus is taken from the uterus by cutting through the walls of the abdomen and uterus during labor. It can be optional, by the mother, or it can me out of medical necessity if complications are present.

1,622 Questions
Conditions and Diseases

Can a Cesarean section infection cause infertility?

I got pregnant in 2000 with very little effort. It was found necessary for me to have a c-section in 2001. We again started trying to get pregnant a year later and we are still trying today 7 years later. I am sure that our struggle is a result of my C-section. The horrible thing is that looking back.... I didn't need it. They where just in a hurry.

Pregnancy Health and Safety (Prenatal Care)
Labor and Birth

How many children is it safe to have by c-section?

There are no hard a fast rules. In theory, a women should be able to have as many children by cesarian as she wants. In reality, it all comes down to how well a woman's body heals. UTERUS: for some women, the uterus heals with a thick lower segment. In this case, many sections are possible. For others, the lower segment becomes very thin and attenuated. In such cases, labor/contractions should be avoided because of risk of rupture of the uterus. Keep in mind that a very thin uterus can rupture even before labor begins. Doctors will sometimes counsel women to avoid future pregnancy if the lower segment becomes too thin. SCARRING: Another consideration is the amount of scarring within the abdominal cavity. Whenever any surgery is performed in the abdomen, raw surfaces are left behind and adhesions (things stuck to other things) can form. This is very individual. In some patients, they can have multiple abdominal surgeries with almost no adhesion; in others, they can have huge numbers of adhesions, involving uterus, omentum, bowel and bladder. In the second case, surgery (including cesarian section) becomes very difficult and there is a risk of bowel perforation and damage to other organs. PLACENTA: The more cesarian sections a woman has, the more likely it is that the placenta may implant in the uterine scar. If it does so, it will not develop properly, but will grow into the uterine muscle and not just the endometrium. Such a placenta is called an accreta (part way through) or percreta (all the way through), and will not separate properly from the uterus after the baby is delivered. In many cases, especially with a deep accreta or percreta, a hysterectomy is necessary (because removing the placenta is not possible without causing massive bleeding and potential maternal mortality).

Labor and Birth

Can you have a natural birth after having two or more c-sections?

Yes, you can, but it is something you should discuss with your obstetrician. First, you have to consider the reasons for the previous cesarian sections. If they were one time problems (breech presentation, placenta previa), then a vaginal birth is something to consider. If your previous cesarians were done for obstructed labor, a small pelvis, "CPD," dysfunctional labor, or other conditions which are likely to recur, it may not be a good idea. A uterus with a scar on it is much more likely to rupture (burst open) during labor, and this can cause fetal distress or death. However, even there is a less than 1% chance of this happening, it is still a possibility, and one with potentially catastrophic consequences. The type of scar is important. If you wish to attempt VBAC, you will want to make sure your previous surgeries were done with low-transverse incisions on the uterus. You cannot tell what sort of incision you had by looking at the scar on your belly--you need to consult the operative record or ask the doctor who performed it. A previous low transverse uterine incision does not cut into the body of the uterus, and is least like to rupture. A vertical, low vertical, or "classical" incision, which goes up and down on the uterus, and is performed for complicated presentation (transverse), prematurity (undeveloped lower uterine segment), unusual blood vessels, or scarring and/or adhesions from previous surgery, is much more likely to rupture, and is a contraindication to labor. Mind you, cesarean section also holds risks for the mother and baby. It is major abdominal surgery and has a maternal mortality rate 2 to 4 times that of vaginal birth. Cesarean births can lead to trouble bonding and breastfeeding. But, when compared to VBAC, the risks of maternal morbidity and mortality are similar. Most doctors will not induce someone with two previous cesarians (because of an even higher risk of rupture than natural labor), but will allow labor to proceed naturally in a hospital setting. If you wish to try and deliver vaginally after two cesarian sections, this should be done in a hospital (not birthing center) that can perform an immediate cesarian section in case of an emergency. If you've delivered vaginally prior to your cesarian section, this would increase the likelihood of a successful VBAC (vaginal birth after cesarian).

Labor and Birth

Can you have natural childbirth after a C-section?

It is likely that your pelvic bone will still be too small. But talk to your doctor, if you choose you may be able to try again for a vaginal birth. There is a risk of your uterus rupturing with a vaginal birth after having a c section. But it is possible to have a vbac (vaginal birth after ceaserian). My aunt had two c sections and with her third had a vaginal delivery.Talk to your doctor and see what is the best for you and the baby.

Absolutely! When doctors are not sure why they gave you a c-section, they will often tell you that your pelvis is too small. This is hardly ever correct. Find Ina May Gaskin's Guide to Child Birth and you will gain a whole new opinion on what childbirth should be. Some of it was a little hippie for me, but I learned so much! My first baby was born by c-section. My second baby is due in July and I've hired a doula for this one. I'm confident that this birth will be vaginal. Don't just go by what your doctor tells you! Pretty much every test and almost all the decisions during labor and childbirth can be made by you. Be informed!

If your pelvic bone is too small, most likely you will have another c-section. My mom had an emergency one her first time because her cervix didn't dialate due to her pelvic bone being small and the head didn't come through. With her second pregnancy she went ahead and scheduled a c-section because of this. So, most likely not unless you dialte enough.

You can absolutely have a natural childbirth after a c-section. Even though the medical community as a whole does all that it can to deter women from making the better choice of natural childbirth. My first child was a c-section because the Dr. induced my labor two weeks early unnecessarily and after 3 days the baby wasn't born. My 5 month old was born naturally as a VBAC with no complications and came on my due date with only 2 1/2 hours labor. There are risks to VBACing and you should be aware of them. But all pregnancy and childbirth has risks. The International Caesarean Network (ICAN online) has many resources. And Ina Mae Gaskin's books also, as previously recommended, are wonderful. Do all your research.

Excellent answer! I too have had a c-section with my first child. She was breech (feet first). I have gone on to have 4 VBAC's. If you desire a vaginal birth you must find a doctor who supports you! And a hospital who will deliver you. Google VBAC and that should start you on you way to locating the friendly VBAC states and hospitals.best wishes!

You definitely can. I had an emergency Caesar for my first one and am going to try natural for this one. If you are worried, talk to your doctor and ask them to check your bone structure to see if it is fine. Mine is, so I am determined to have this one naturally. Don't be scared to ask questions. That's what they are there for. The midwives can really help too. They do their job everyday and see a wide range of circumstances. Just remember, IT IS TOTALLY UP TO YOU!!!

My sister-in-law had an emergency c section at full ditation with her first because the baby was not descending and was becoming distressed.

With her second delivery 18 months later she was so quick that my brother didn't get to the hospital in time. She has gone on to have 3 more VBAC.

On a TV program the other day there was a woman who had a waterbirth, at home after 4 C sections. Just proves it can be done.

BUT a friend of mine ended up with a Hysterectomy after trying for a VBAC after having her twins by C section first time round.

Every one is different.

Please read Birth after Cesarean by Bruce Flamm MD. It has alot of helpful and useful information.

Tubal Ligation
Tubal Reversal

What is the expected recovery time for a tubal ligation?

I heard that it can take up to 8 weeks to fully recover from a tubal. I had a scheduled C section, and a tubal. I am now one month post, and I feel tender still in areas, and still feel kinda bloated. I just started to feel little "twinges" on my left side, in my ovarie area. They are sharp, and only come on at times.. Anyway, remember, I had a C section also, so the recovery time for just a tubal is probably sooner.

AnswerI had a tubal ligation laproscopically (not at the time of a pregnancy/birth)last week. It is exactly one week later, and I feel totally fine, and have resumed all my normal activities and sexual intercourse. The first day I was groggy from the anesthesia and a little sore around my belly button (where the incision was). The second day, I was sore around my neck area from the gas they used to bloat my diaphragm for the surgery. The third day, I was able to lift my son again, and my belly wasn't sore, but the second small incision in the pubic area was a bit tender. But by the fourth day, I felt great. After one week, I still have bruising around my belly button, but am back to normal otherwise! :) AnswerI am 43 and had my tubes tied the beginning of Feb. The recovery was pretty quick. I had a sore belly(like I did too many sit ups!) for a few days and gas pains. I had the surgery on Friday and went back to work on Tuesday. You just can't do any heavy lifting for a few weeks. I really did feel back to normal in about a week.

How much does a bulldog c-section cost?

contact a veterinarian. they do it for different costs. but, if its really cheap, make sure they have a license

Labor and Birth

When should you get a period after giving birth?

It varies very much. Some women get a period about a month after giving birth. Some women do not get a period for months if they are fully breastfeeding. Just because you don't have a period does not mean you cannot get pregnant. Every Ob/Gyn (or GP) has seen women pregnant at the post-natal check. Also do not rely on breastfeeding as a contraceptive. I doesn't work like that. Every woman is different. I was breast feeding for a month and then had to stop. Then six weeks later got my first period. So all up it was ten weeks later. I don't even know if it matters if you breast feed or not to whether your period comes earlier or later. Anyway, like I said Everyone is different. Good Luck


Can you have a normal birth 7 months after a c-section?

Yes. I am living proof....my first daughter was breech and needed to be taken C-section..however my other 2 children were delivered vaginally....and the birth was normal and fine.

I got pregnant 4 months after my c-section and delivered vaginally (VBAC). It is suggested you wait at least 1 year after a c-section but as we all know life does not always go according to plan!


Is it possible to express breast milk prior to a baby's birth in case you have a C-section and then risk the staff giving the baby formula while you're still in the operating theatre?

If you are alredy leaking colostrum then i guess you could try and express it. Your milk may or may not be through yet. I know with my milk it didnt come through until 4 days after giving birth. Dont worry about the nurses giving your baby formula they cannot do it without you signing a form giving them permission. I would just wait until your baby is out wether you have to have a C Section or not, and go from there. Trying to express now will only hurt you, because there is hardly anything to express.


How much blood is lost in a c-section?

Blood loss during any kind of medical procedure always depends on the situation and on how long the procedure takes


Is it ok to get pregnant after having a cesarean 9 months ago?

It is a matter of choice, BUT... After having a C-section it takes the body 4 years to heal from each c-section. In some cases up to six years. I had a cesearean with my first child. Then i found out I was pregnant when my daughter was 18 months old. I had complications the second time around. I had a cesearean the second time too, and it was not fun... I had complications with my blood pressure stablizing, effects of the epidural, etc. It was just so hard. And I was a strong and healthy 24 year old at the time. It took me longer to heal. If you get pregnant now, when you get ready to deliver it will be approx 18 months since the last C-section correct? So, it is possible to have similar complications, but if you take care of yourself and keep up with your regular checkups, things should be ok. If you can wait, try to. Give your body time to heal. As a midwife I have to agree with the above answer. However many things come into play here. Why did you have a c-section last time? Failure to progress? Pre-eclampsia? What type of c-section did you have? Lower segment? Have you discussed this with your obstetrician? My sister-in-law had a c-section for failure to progress in the second stage of labour in February 84 and in October 85 had her second baby so quickly she only just got to the hospital in time. She went on to have 3 more vaginal deliveries. On the other hand I have a friend who had a c-section for breech twins, then 3 years later in labour her scar ruptured and she had to have another c-section and a hysterectomy to save her life and that of the baby.


How long should you wait to work after having a c-section?

The best I would recommend would be the average recovery time, which is 6 weeks.

Disability insurance in New York covers 6 weeks for regular vaginal births and 8 weeks for c-sections. So according to insurance companies, you should wait 8 weeks.

Labor and Birth
Philosophy and Philosophers

If you are having a natural birth what is it that you feel right after delivery?


Psychologically, after any childbirth you may feel a great rush of love, pride, achievement, relief, all the emotions mixed up.

You may laugh, you may cry.

You may feel none of these things, childbirth is an exhausting business, it is not called labor for nothing.

If you mean physical feelings. If the baby is put straight on your tummy it may root for a feed. Once the baby is latched onto your nipple you will feel sharp (but pleasant) tugging, and as this releases oxytocin you may get cramps.

After the initial rush you feel the reaction.

Depending on your position for delivery you may get the shakes, your rear end will make its presence known as you will probably be a bit (or a lot) sore.

Hope this helps.

Labor and Birth

Is giving birth painful for a 13-year-old girl who desperately wants a water and natural birth?

Using water in your labour, and having a 'natural' birth will greatly increase your chances of having a rewarding, positive and less painful birth. Having a water birth will help lessen your chances of tearing, it will help relax you (which means you aren't fighting the contractions, which means they're less painful) and having it naturally means you aren't being tampered with, which allows your body to get on with doing what it was built for: giving birth.

Medical Insurance
Healthcare Coverage While Pregnant
Breaking Water

Is there a Health insurance that covers pregnancy and delivery?

Well most medical insurances cover pregnancies and deliveries, but as to how much the company will provide always depends on their policies


What is the record for cesarean births by one woman?

I've had nine.


What are the risk associated with having a fourth cesarean section?

As a labor and delivery nurse, and currently 2 weeks away from my 4th c-section, I can tell you a bit about the risks of a 4th c-section. Generally, the scar requires a good 2 years to heal until another c-section would be preformed for a subsequent pregnancy. The concern here is related to rupture of the previous scar from the first c/s. Scar tissue is never as strong as the way our uterus' fibres are designed to withstand labor. After your first c/s, the risk of rupture goes up slightly, rupture can occur, as the uterus enlarges from a growing fetus, extra fluid or a multiple pregnancy, and from putting the uterine scar under stress like labor. Many obstetricians used to measure the thickness of the scar itself prior to the next c/s, but the thickness predicted very poorly whether someone would rupture or not. With a 4th c/s you are also more at risk for placental placement issues. Placenta percreta/accreta are more likely to occur, as well as a placenta previa. This is something found out usually into the 2nd trimster with ultrasound, so with good prenatal care, will be able to be detected and managed safely. With the percreta/accreta, it does put you at risk for an emergency, if not planned hysterectomy, where the Dr. will remove the whole uterus once baby #4 is delivered. This is because the placenta has planted it's "roots" right into the muscle of the uterus, which if was removed conventionally, would lead to massive amounts of bleeding. The 4th c/s is also generally a more difficult procedure for an obstetrician to perform. Due to previous abdominal surgeries, adhesions, make access to the uterus difficult, while also trying to avoid damage to the bladder and bowel. I know it sounds all doom and gloom, but with good prenatal care, and a previous "go ahead" by a reputable obstetrician, should relieve you that most of the risks can be managed well.

Dieting and Weight Loss

How do you get rid of fat in your mid-section?

Eat a lower calorie and lowfat diet. Do some form of aerobics and weight training. When you loose weight, weight loss happens evenly over the body. You can do ab exercises to strengthen (not to spot reduce). Your waist will reduce when your body fat reduces. Alter lifestyle so that you burn more calories than you take in and by combining cardiovascular and muscle building/toning excercise routine the fat will be absorbed by the body over time or you can get lipoplasty.

Tia & Tamera Mowry

Did Tia Mowry get a C-section?



How soon after a c-section is it safe to get pregnant?

That is a question you should be asking your doctor as all women heal at a different pace. Be sure your body has had a chance to build-up before becoming pregnant. Good luck Marcy As soon as your dr clears you to resume normal activities. Of course then it will be nine months later...but you may have to have a c- section again. Answer Recent research suggest a woman should have at least 18 months in between deliveries if she wants to have a vbac.


Why is your second menses prolonged after a Cesarean section?

This could simply be due to the stress of the C-Section. However if you've been bleeding for over 7 days then see your Doctor for a in-depth examination to make sure nothing physical is causing your prolonged period.

Labor and Birth

Can you have a c section after natural birth?


Vital Signs

How long should your periods last?

it should last 3 - 8 days at a time

Computer Programming
C Programming

What is definition section in C programming?

It is used to define or set values to variables.

Colonial America

How did it happen that there 640 acres in a section?


A section, is one Square Mile. A Square mile is 640 ac...

I offer this:

We can thank Thomas Jefferson for the use of 640 acres becoming a section of land in America. Jefferson had an extreme dislike for cities. He told James Madison: "I think our governments will remain virtuous for many centuries as long as they are chiefly agricultural; and this will be as long as there shall be vacant lands in any part of America. When they get plied upon one another in large cities, as in Europe, they will become corrupt as in Europe."

Before the Constitution, Jefferson pushed his anti-urban policy in the Land Ordinance of 1785. This is the classic land policy that divided land in what is now the Midwest into six square mile townships, divided into 640 acre sections. Jefferson and his friends imagined that each section would become used for farming, except for one section that would be reserved for public education.

Further study leads to the formation of the Homestead Act of 1857. Wherein the section was divided further to create "homesteads" of 160 acres per family. In today's world this may seem rather large. The intent was for the family to live on on 40 acres parcel and rotate their crops yearly on the other three.

I realize my answer is lengthy although hopefully complete.


Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.